Security Guard Training
Security guard training programs often must be completed during the first 100 days on the job, though this requirement varies by state. Topics covered during the training programs include basic security techniques, investigations, report writing, patrolling tactics, firearm use and emergency procedures. Workers specializing in particular types of security management, such as private, airport, armored car or armed escort, may need to take additional courses to learn the necessary skills for these specialty security professions.
Since most states require security guards to renew licensure or certification, workers often have to participate in a security guard class as a form of continued education required for the renewal process. Some states may have pre-structured classes for the license renewal process, but other states may allow security guards to choose individual classes from an approved list of coursework. These refresher classes typically focus on either armed or unarmed security guard training.
Security Guard Job Requirements
Most states require that security guards be at least 18 years of age. Education requirements vary, but most employers accept workers who hold the equivalent of a high school diploma, according to the BLS. Applicants must also pass criminal background checks and be fingerprinted. Some states also require security guards to pass physicals prior to employment.
Nearly all states require security guards to complete the licensing process during the first few months of employment. To qualify for the licenses, applicants must first complete the mandatory training programs. License applicants usually have to pass written tests that cover topics such as crime prevention, emergency procedures and evidence handling. Practical skills tests are often required, especially to verify a security guard's ability to safely use weapons.