Earthquakes: Do’s & Don’ts | NDMA, GoI What to Do Before an Earthquake

Repair deep plaster cracks in ceilings and foundations. Get expert advice if there are signs of structural defects. Anchor overhead lighting fixtures to the ceiling. Follow BIS codes relevant to your area for building standards Fasten shelves securely to walls. Place large or heavy objects on lower shelves. Store breakable items such as bottled foods, glass, and china in low, closed cabinets with latches. Hang heavy items such as pictures and mirrors away from beds, settees, and anywhere that people sit. Brace overhead light and fan fixtures. Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections. These are potential fire risks. Secure water heaters, LPG cylinders etc., by strapping them to the walls or bolting to the floor. Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely in closed cabinets with latches and on bottom shelves. Identify safe places indoors and outdoors.

Under strong dining table, bed Against an inside wall Away from where glass could shatter around windows, mirrors, pictures, or where heavy bookcases or other heavy furniture could fall over In the open, away from buildings, trees, telephone and electrical lines, flyovers and bridges

Know emergency telephone numbers (such as those of doctors, hospitals, the police, etc) Educate yourself and family members

Have a disaster emergency kit ready

Battery operated torch with extra batteries Battery operated radio First aid kit and manual Emergency food (dry items) and water (packed and sealed) Candles and matches in a waterproof container Knife Chlorine tablets or powdered water purifiers Can opener. Essential medicines Cash and credit cards Thick ropes and cords Sturdy shoes

Develop an emergency communication plan

In case family members are separated from one another during an earthquake (a real possibility during the day when adults are at work and children are at school), develop a plan for reuniting after the disaster. Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to serve as the ‘family contact’ after the disaster; it is often easier to call long distance. Make sure everyone in the family knows the name, address, and phone number of the contact person.

Help your community get ready

Publish a special section in your local newspaper with emergency information on earthquakes. Localize the information by printing the phone numbers of local emergency services offices and hospitals. Conduct week-long series on locating hazards in the home. Work with local emergency services and officials to prepare special reports for people with mobility impairment on what to do during an earthquake. Provide tips on conducting earthquake drills in the home. Interview representatives of the gas, electric, and water companies about shutting off utilities. Work together in your community to apply your knowledge to building codes, retrofitting programmes, hazard hunts, and neighborhood and family emergency plans.

What to Do During an Earthquake Stay as safe as possible during an earthquake. Be aware that some earthquakes are actually foreshocks and a larger earthquake might occur. Minimize your movements to a few steps that reach a nearby safe place and stay indoors until the shaking has stopped and you are sure exiting is safe. If indoors

DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there is no a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building. Protect yourself by staying under the lintel of an inner door, in the corner of a room, under a table or even under a bed. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, (such as lighting fixtures or furniture). Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place. Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported, load bearing doorway. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.

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If outdoors

Do not move from where you are. However, move away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and utility wires. If you are in open space, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings; at exits; and alongside exterior walls. Most earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects.

If in a moving vehicle

Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake.

If trapped under debris

Do not light a match. Do not move about or kick up dust. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is available. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.

: Earthquakes: Do’s & Don’ts | NDMA, GoI

What are the safety measures to be taken during an earthquake?

If you cannot drop to the ground, try to sit or remain seated so you are not knocked down. –

If you are in a wheelchair, lock your wheels. Remove any items that are not securely attached to the wheelchair. Protect your head and neck with a large book, a pillow, or your arms. The goal is to prevent injuries from falling down or from objects that might fall or be thrown at you. If you are able, seek shelter under a sturdy table or desk. Stay away from outer walls, windows, fireplaces, and hanging objects. If you are unable to move from a bed or chair, protect yourself from falling objects by covering up with blankets and pillows. If you are outside, go to an open area away from trees, telephone poles, and buildings, and stay there. For more resources for people with impaired mobility and other access and functional needs, visit the,

 : Stay Safe During an Earthquake

Which measures the effects of the earthquake to the environment and people?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Earthquake environmental effects are the effects caused by an earthquake, including surface faulting, tsunamis, soil liquefactions, ground resonance, landslides and ground failure, either directly linked to the earthquake source or provoked by the ground shaking.

  1. These are common features produced both in the near and far fields, routinely recorded and surveyed in recent events, very often remembered in historical accounts and preserved in the stratigraphic record (paleo earthquakes).
  2. Both surface deformation and faulting and shaking-related geological effects (e.g., soil liquefaction, landslides) not only leave permanent imprints in the environment, but also dramatically affect human structures.

Moreover, underwater fault ruptures and seismically-triggered landslides can generate tsunami waves. EEE represent a significant source of hazard, especially (but not exclusively) during large earthquakes. This was observed for example during more or less catastrophic seismic events recently occurred in very different parts of the world. Coseismic surface faulting induced by the 1915 Fucino, Central Italy, earthquake

Primary effects : which are the surface expression of the seismogenic source (e.g., surface faulting), normally observed for crustal earthquakes above a given magnitude threshold (typically =5.5–6.0);

Coseismic liquefaction induced by one of the 2012 Emilia, Northern Italy, earthquakes

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Secondary effects : mostly this is the intensity of the ground shaking (e.g., landslides, liquefaction, etc.).

The importance of a tool to measure earthquake Intensity was already outlined early in the 1990s. In 2007 the Environmental Seismic Intensity scale (ESI scale) was released, a new seismic intensity scale based only on the characteristics, size and areal distribution of earthquake environmental effects.

What should be done before during and after earthquake?

What Should I Do Before, During, and After an Earthquake? | UPSeis | Michigan Tech

Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. Learn first aid. Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. Don’t leave heavy objects on shelves (they’ll fall during a quake). Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace.

Stay calm! If you’re indoors, stay inside. If you’re outside, stay outside. If you’re indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). Stay away from windows and outside doors. If you’re outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you). Don’t use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines and fire don’t mix. If you’re in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops. Don’t use elevators (they may shut down).

Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it. Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else’s phone). Turn on the radio. Don’t use the phone unless it’s an emergency. Stay out of damaged buildings. Be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet. Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you). Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking. Stay away from damaged areas. If you’re at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge.Expect aftershocks.

: What Should I Do Before, During, and After an Earthquake? | UPSeis | Michigan Tech

What is earthquake in 10 lines?

10 Lines On Earthquake For Kids – An essay on earthquakes is a very interesting topic for kids as it increases their knowledge and makes children aware of the world around them. The following 10 lines on earthquakes can guide students as to how to write clear sentences and make a good essay for classes 1 and 2:

  1. An earthquake is a natural disaster.
  2. They occur when some tricks move under the Earth’s surface, causing vibrations or seismic waves.
  3. Due to this, we can feel the entire ground shaking below our feet. This can cause buildings, trees and other tall structures to break and fall.
  4. The strength or intensity of an earthquake is called its magnitude and it is measured on the Richter scale from 1 to 10.
  5. Earthquakes can be measured using a seismograph.
  6. Earthquakes of 6 or 7 magnitude are very strong and can cause massive loss of life and property.
  7. The exact spot where an earthquake originates is called its epicentre. This place faces the maximum effect of the disaster.
  8. People living in earthquake-prone areas must always be prepared to face the danger and have a disaster management strategy as it is difficult to predict an earthquake.
  9. The best way to ensure safety during an earthquake is to run to open fields.
  10. If there is no open space nearby, you can duck under a strong and sturdy table.

What to do after earthquake?

If you’re a Chubb client, contact us immediately to get your claim started. –

If you’re caught in an aftershock:

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Stay calm. If you’re indoors, don’t go outside. Stay away from windows and doors. If you’re outdoors, stay in an open area, away from power lines or anything that might fall.

This document is advisory in nature and is offered as a resource to be used together with your professional insurance advisors in maintaining a loss prevention program. It is an overview only, and is not intended as a substitute for consultation with your insurance broker, or for legal, engineering or other professional advice.

Chubb is the marketing name used to refer to subsidiaries of Chubb Limited providing insurance and related services. For a list of these subsidiaries, please visit our website at, Insurance provided by ACE American Insurance Company and its U.S. based Chubb underwriting company affiliates.

All products may not be available in all states. This communication contains product summaries only. Coverage is subject to the language of the policies as actually issued. Surplus lines insurance sold only through licensed surplus lines producers. Chubb, 202 Hall’s Mill Road, Whitehouse Station, NJ 08889-1600. Get a quote

Where is safest place in earthquake?

2. Find safe spots in your home – Identify and discuss safe spots in each room of your home so that you can go there immediately if you feel an earthquake. The safest place is an interior room of your house without any windows, such as a bathroom. If possible, take cover under something sturdy, like a heavy table, desk or doorway.

Why do we need to hold during earthquake?

AVOID Triangle of Life – In recent years, a competing strategy for surviving earthquakes has surfaced which contradicts Drop, Cover and Hold On – it’s called the Triangle of Life. The strategy instructs persons in a building during an earthquake to take shelter near large solid objects, which during a structural failure of the building, would create a void (or triangle) that could keep a person safe.

Federal Emergency Management AgencyOregon Office of Emergency ManagementWashington County Emergency ManagementCentral United States Earthquake ConsortiumSouthern California Earthquake CenterAmerican Red CrossUnited State Geological SurveyUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationEarthquake Country AllianceThe University of Memphis: Center for Earthquake Research and InformationWestern States Seismic Policy CouncilCascadia Region Earthquake Workshop

What happens during earthquake?

Why does the earth shake when there is an earthquake? – While the edges of faults are stuck together, and the rest of the block is moving, the energy that would normally cause the blocks to slide past one another is being stored up. When the force of the moving blocks finally overcomes the friction of the jagged edges of the fault and it unsticks, all that stored up energy is released.

What are the 4 main causes of earthquakes?

The Main Causes of Earthquakes are the Movement of Tectonic Plates, Volcanic Eruptions, Underground Explosions, Induced Quaking (Human Activities), etc, Apart from these, earthquakes can be caused by a number of geological factors, natural phenomena, and human activity.

What is the biggest cause of earthquakes?

Plate tectonics – The Earth’s outermost layer is fragmented into about 15 major slabs called tectonic plates. These slabs form the lithosphere, which is comprised of the crust (continental and oceanic) and the upper part of the mantle. Tectonic plates move very slowly relative to each other, typically a few centimetres per year, but this still causes a huge amount of deformation at the plate boundaries, which in turn results in earthquakes. Observations show that most earthquakes are associated with tectonic plate boundaries and the theory of plate tectonics can be used to provide a simplified explanation of the global distribution of earthquakes, while some of the characteristics of earthquakes can be explained by using a simple elastic rebound theory. Plate tectonic map of the world showing direction of movement. BGS ©UKRI.

Why we should not panic during earthquake?

California has a long history of powerful earthquakes; therefore, homeowners and renters must be prepared for inevitable seismic activity. Both Northern and Southern California residents were shaken by minor quakes in the summer of 2019. These minor quakes are a reminder for the “big one” that scientists are warning will happen in the near future.