How Ergonomics Improve Health And Safety
Health Benefits Ergonomics can improve the health of your employees by reducing work-related injuries, most often caused by strains and over-exertion. Ergonomic workstations can help you and your employees feel less tension in your body because you’ll adjust the workstations to fit your height.

How ergonomics improve work and safety?

Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace – Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) affect the muscles, nerves, blood vessels, ligaments and tendons. Workers in many different industries and occupations can be exposed to risk factors at work, such as lifting heavy items, bending, reaching overhead, pushing and pulling heavy loads, working in awkward body postures and performing the same or similar tasks repetitively.

What is ergonomics as it relates to comfort health and safety?

Why is Ergonomics important? – In the workplace : According to Safe Work Australia, the total economic cost of work-related injuries and illnesses is estimated to be $60 billion dollars. Recent research has shown that lower back pain is the world’s most common work-related disability – affecting employees from offices, building sites and in the highest risk category, agriculture.

  1. Ergonomics aims to create safe, comfortable and productive workspaces by bringing human abilities and limitations into the design of a workspace, including the individual’s body size, strength, skill, speed, sensory abilities (vision, hearing), and even attitudes.
  2. In the greater population : The number of people in Australia aged 75 and over is forecast to double over the next 50 years.

With this, equipment, services and systems will need to be designed to accommodate the increasing needs of the ageing population, applying to public transport, building facilities, and living spaces.

How ergonomics can help you to reduce the work accidents?

3 Ways Ergonomics Can Help Reduce Workplace Injuries March 07, 2014 According to U.S. Bureau of Labor statistics, there were nearly 3 million workplace-related injuries and illnesses reported during the year 2012, resulting in an incidence rate of 3.4 cases per 100 equivalent full-time workers.

Remove barriers to work productivity: The first step in addressing ergonomic concerns in the workplace is to review tasks in an operation to see which may pose certain risks. Excessive repetition of movements can, for example, irritate tendons and increase pressure on the nerves while quick motions (i.e., bending and twisting) may increase the amount of force exerted on the body. Predicting what might go wrong and modifying the work environment accordingly can help to make everyday tasks safer for employees.

Design the job to fit the worker: Ergonomics involves designing a job to fit the worker, as opposed to the other way around. Rather than physically forcing an employee’s body to fit the tasks required for a particular job, adapting tasks, work stations, tools, and equipment to fit the worker can greatly reduce physical stress to the employee’s body as well as eliminate potentially serious workplace strains or injuries. LISTA seating, for instance, is designed to provide maximum comfort and support to technicians and other professionals who spend a significant portion of their time seated at workstations and workbenches.

Rearrange work station elements: After identifying the likely risk factors in an operation and considering an individual employee’s unique needs, the next step is to rearrange work station elements for maximum safety and productivity. Regardless of physical characteristics or the tasks performed, employees should be able to make adjustments to work surface height and chair seat height, or change the elevation of work shelves and work surfaces to increase worker comfort and productivity. Nonin Medical Inc. chose to install LISTA’s Arlink 8000 Modular Work Station System as part of its lean manufacturing implementation; the work stations provided greater flexibility to adapt to ergonomic challenges resulting from employees of different sizes operating at the same workbenches.

In recent years, workplace ergonomics has been getting a lot of attention nationwide in response to a sharp increase in the number of repetitive strain injuries resulting in musculoskeletal disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. Learn more about LISTA ergonomic solutions or contact us for a quote!

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How can ergonomics prevent hazards?

Use tools that fit the hand, have no sharp edges, and eliminate awkward hand and wrist positions. Change where materials are stored to minimize reaching. Design containers with handles or cutouts for easy gripping. Improving the workplace is the heart of ergonomics: changing the work to fit the worker.

Why is safety and ergonomics important?

EHS Leadership Coach, Transformational Leader & People Centered Safety Catalyzer – Published Feb 24, 2023 Workplace safety is a crucial concern for employees and employers alike, and one important aspect of this is ergonomics. Ergonomics is the study of how people interact with their work environment, and how to optimize this environment to promote safety, productivity, and well-being.

  1. Many common workplace injuries and health problems are caused by poor ergonomics, such as repetitive strain injuries, back pain, and eye strain.
  2. These problems can lead to reduced productivity, increased absenteeism, and even long-term disability.
  3. Fortunately, there are several practical steps that employers and employees can take to promote good ergonomics and prevent workplace injuries.

Some practical steps for promoting good ergonomics in the workplace include:

Providing ergonomically designed workstations and equipment, such as adjustable chairs and monitor standsEncouraging employees to take regular breaks and move around throughout the dayProviding training and education on good posture and ergonomic practicesPromoting physical fitness and exercise programs for employeesConducting regular ergonomic assessments of the workplace to identify potential risks and hazards

By promoting good ergonomics in the workplace, we can help prevent workplace injuries and promote the health and well-being of employees. #workplacesafety #ergonomics #healthandsafety #productivity #employeewellness #posture #physicalfitness #injuryprevention #repetitivestraininjury #backpain

What is ergonomics in safety?

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders The goal of ergonomics (i.e. the scientific study of people at work) is to prevent soft tissue injuries and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) caused by sudden or sustained exposure to force, vibration, repetitive motion, and awkward posture. To create an ergonomically sound work environment, NIOSH ergonomists and industrial hygienists recommend designing tasks, work spaces, controls, displays, tools, lighting, and equipment to fit employee’s physical capabilities and limitations. On this page you will find the ‘s ergonomic recommendations and musculoskeletal health-related research. : Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders

Is safety part of ergonomics?

When the principles of ergonomics are applied in the context of workplace safety, the concept of ergonomic safety is born. Ergonomics safety ensures that the products, methods, and environment that a worker uses are appropriate to fit the worker’s job requirements and personal capabilities.

What is good ergonomic practice and occupational health and safety?

Posture And Positioning –

Maintain good posture when working at the keyboard. Utilize a chair with back support. Keep your feet supported on the floor or on a footrest when you work to reduce pressure on your lower back Avoid twisting or bending your trunk or neck. Frequently used items should be positioned directly in front of you and angled upward on a copyholder when working. Keep your shoulders relaxed with your elbows close to your sides. Avoid resting your elbows on the hard surface or edge of your table. Pads can be used to protect your elbows if necessary. Elbows should be positioned at 100 to 110 degrees when working in order to keep a relaxed position at the keyboard. This could require a slight negative tilt (front of keyboard higher than back) when working in upright positions. If reclined in your chair, the keyboard could be at a positive angle to maintain this relaxed position. Your wrists should be in a neutral or straight position when keying or using a pointing device or calculator. Wrist rests can assist you in maintaining a neutral position when used properly during pauses. Float your arms above the keyboard and wrist rest when keying. Avoid planting your wrists on the table or wrist rest. This can result in bending the wrists either up and down or side to side. Take breaks. These breaks can be brief and should include stretches for optimal results. If possible, take a one or two-minute break every 15 to 20 minutes, or a five-minute break every hour. Every few hours, get up, move around, and do an alternative activity.

What are the 3 examples of ergonomics?

Types of Ergonomics – efore buying hundreds of new chairs, it’s important to develop an understanding of how ergonomics affects people. There are three types of ergonomics : physical, cognitive, and organizational. Each of these differently affects how people interact with their environment, contributing to how effective they are in their work.

How does ergonomics improve quality?

Ergonomics Improves Quality – Happy, comfortable, healthy employees work harder. They aren’t as fatigued or frustrated, so they tend to do their best work. A job that is less physically taxing allows employees to work to the best of their ability as they were trained.

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How effective is ergonomics?

Improves Productivity – Workplace ergonomics benefits employees’ productivity as well. The goals of workplace ergonomics are to:

Improve employee posture. Reduce movements needed for tasks. Enable employees to use less force to complete an action.

When an office improves its ergonomics, employees can work more efficiently. Employees can access the tools and areas they need with little physical strain and use fewer movements to do their work. In fact, research shows that better office ergonomics can increase productivity by 17%.

  • Ergonomics also improves productivity by allowing employees to work in the most comfortable position to reduce muscle strain.
  • Sitting at work all day can lead to muscle fatigue, increased stress on the lower back and muscle deconditioning.
  • You can also improve employee productivity through active furnishings like treadmill desks, bike chairs, adjustable height desks and yoga ball chairs to encourage physical activity while working.

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), being physically active helps adults maintain better cognitive function,

How does ergonomics improve productivity?

Why Does Ergonomics Increase Productivity? – Ergonomics creates a well-designed workspace that promotes good posture, decreases exertion, eliminates awkward postures, decreases repetitive motions, improves reaches and heights, and decreases the need for high-force activities.

  • All of these considerations create more productive employees.
  • They are able to work faster and more efficiently while having a more positive outlook.
  • By practicing ergonomics, employees tend to make fewer errors and have higher levels of energy.
  • Employees that can enjoy an ergonomic office feel a greater sense of satisfaction at work, which makes them more engaged and productive.

This results in higher morale and a better corporate culture.

What is a good example of ergonomics?

Frequently Asked Questions on Ergonomic Design – Ergonomics is an applied science related to designing and arranging things. An ergonomic design aims to reduce physical stress and the resulting injuries. One of the benefits of ergonomics is that it also enhances occupational hygiene to enhance productivity and better work culture.

  1. An ergonomic workplace is a workspace designed to keep workers’ capabilities and limitations in mind.
  2. The ideal design promotes the best sitting posture and removes the risk of musculoskeletal injuries.
  3. The best example of an ergonomic design is comfortable furniture like an office chair, an ideally designed desk, improved footrests, comfortable wrist rests, an adjustable monitor, an ergonomic keyboard, and a well-positioned mouse.

Here are some tips for you to have a smart work from home space:

Create a dedicated workspace and do not work while sitting on the bed or couch. Use a cushioned chair to achieve the best sitting position for lower back pain. Use ample natural lighting to keep the body active. Move around after every 20 minutes and do upper back stretches to improve flexibility.

A well-designed ergonomic chair has an adjustable option to provide the best sitting option. It also has an adjustable backrest, and gives a great lumbar support. Here are more features of the chair with proper ergonomics:

An appropriate seat height An adjustable chair to provide the best sitting position for lower back pain An adjustable backrest A chair with a five-point base An adequately long armrest Excellent lumbar support

There are a lot of benefits of ergonomics. Not only are they good for your occupational hygiene but also look after your overall health. There are five principles of Ergonomics:

Safety Comfort Ease of use Productivity/Performance Aesthetics

Having this kind of furniture at your workplace and home can help avoid injuries/issues like bad posture or Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, muscle pulls, cramps etc. Hence it is imperative that you have ergonomic designs implemented both at your workplace and homes.

Adjustable chairs Standing or adjustable desks Portable workstation Keyboard and mouse


Expandable couches Kitchen extendable pips Cabinets Elongated bowls in toilets Ergonomic garden tools

Ergonomic shoes help keep your feet in the correct position for the best functioning. The shoe soles absorb shock as they reduce the pressure on the heels. Here is more on how ergonomic shoes are helpful:

Ergonomically designed shoes are an extremely useful accessory for those who have experienced foot/leg pains their entire lives. These have been designed with an anatomical arch support which keeps the feet in the correct position for proper functioning. The soles absorb shock and pain by reducing the pressure on the heels and the entire body. These ergonomic shoes are a great investment for alleviating back, knee and foot pain in the long run.

The basic principles of ergonomics include keeping essential things within reach, reducing the need for force, maintaining a neutral position while sitting or standing, reducing unnecessary and sudden motion, working at a proper height, lessening tiredness caused by static load, lessening contact stress, keep a comfortable environment, stretch and move often and have space to move around.

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How does ergonomics improve employee engagement?

Employee engagement is a crucial aspect of any successful organization. Engaged employees are committed, motivated, and productive, which leads to better business outcomes. Ergonomics plays a vital role in employee engagement as it affects an employee’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being.

When employees are physically comfortable and not experiencing any pain or discomfort, they are able to focus on their work and feel more engaged. Ergonomic design principles help to create a comfortable, supportive work environment, reducing the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. Ergonomics can have a positive impact on an employee’s mental and emotional health.

A workspace that is designed with ergonomics in mind can reduce stress and fatigue, improve mood and morale, and foster a more positive work environment. This, in turn, leads to increased employee engagement and job satisfaction. Involving employees in the ergonomic design process will contribute to their engagement and appreciation of their working environment.

By giving employees a say in their work environment, they feel valued and empowered, leading to a greater sense of ownership and engagement in their work. Studies confirm that incorporating ergonomic design principles into the workplace can have a significant impact on employee engagement, improving productivity, reducing absenteeism and turnover, contributing to a positive work culture and business success.

References that support the link between ergonomics and employee engagement: Choi, B., Kim, K., & Lee, S. (2015). The effects of ergonomic design on worker’s productivity: A field study of electronic assembly line workers. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 47, 63-71.

Duffy, V.G., & Shaw, W.S. (2019). Engagement and ergonomics: a review of the literature. Work, 63(2), 227-238. Edlich, R.F., Hudson, M.A., Buschbacher, R.M., Winters, K.L., Britt, L.D., Cox, M.J., & Becker, D.G. (2004). Ergonomics and the prevention of musculoskeletal injuries. The Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 199(5), 769-779.

Graham, J.A., & Lee, Y.H. (2019). The relationship between employee engagement and organizational performance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 40(7), 742-755. Hignett, S. (2003). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders—prevention report.

In Handbook of human factors and ergonomics (pp.1118-1137). John Wiley & Sons. Sarker, S., & Khan, M. (2020). Ergonomics and its impact on productivity and employee health. Journal of Advanced Management Science, 8(1), 1-5. Sherehiy, B., Karwowski, W., & Layer, J.K. (2007). Investigating the relationships between ergonomics programs, ergonomic risk factors, and musculoskeletal disorders.

International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 37(5), 415-423.

How do ergonomics improve worker performance in industry?

Ergonomics Increases Productivity – A allows for good posture, fewer repetitive motions, better heights and reaches, less exertion, reduced awkward postures and high-force requirements, and more efficiency. Companies that use ergonomic equipment and workspaces find that employees can work at a faster pace, make fewer errors, are more positive, and have higher energy levels.

How ergonomics at the workplace play important role?

3. Quality of life at work – According to Optimeo (, quality of life at work is a concept that aims to improve the working conditions of employees, as well as the atmosphere and environment in which they carry out their daily tasks. The quality of life at work considers different elements:

The missions of the employee on the workstation The atmosphere within the team and the company Relationships with other employees and the hierarchy The work environment (the furniture, the environmental and societal approaches adopted by the company as well as the employer’s flexibility, particularly concerning working hours, telecommuting, etc.)

Index Signage Pockets, Repositionable (15098) An employee may be fully satisfied with the equipment provided to him or her but may, on the other hand, be affected by stress and thus, his or her quality of life at work decreases. On the other hand, an employee may be fully satisfied with his tasks and have a good working atmosphere, especially with his colleagues, but not have the right equipment to perform his daily tasks.

  1. Thus, ergonomics also contributes to the improvement of the quality of life at work for the employee.
  2. For this, it is advisable for companies to set up flexible workspaces that vary according to the needs of employees.
  3. It is also necessary to have adequate and ergonomic equipment.
  4. These elements can make the difference within a company and allow employees to feel good in their work environment, and consequently create a non-negligible employee loyalty.

( source ) X-Tend Swing arm (570027) Ergonomics plays an essential role in the workplace. Ergonomics makes it possible to improve postures and reduce the physical and mental risks associated with the workstation. For this, it is necessary to have accessories that can be easily adjusted and modulated, and thus adapted to each employee.