Food Safety Hazards – There are four primary categories of food safety hazards to consider: biological, chemical, physical, and allergenic. Understanding the risks associated with each can dramatically reduce the potential of a foodborne illness. Each have their own unique characteristics, but all can be avoided through a robust food safety management system (FSMS),
- 1 How many types of food safety hazards are there?
- 2 How many types of hazards are there in HACCP?
- 3 How many types of hazards are classified?
- 4 What are the 3 main types of food hazards?
- 5 What are the 8 hazard classes?
- 6 What are physical hazards in food?
- 7 What are the 9 main groups of hazards?
How many types of food safety hazards are there?
4.0 Scope – Chapter 4 of this Manual is intended to provide inspectors with information on the various types of hazards as they relate to food safety. A food safety hazard refers to any agent with the potential to cause adverse health consequences for consumers.
Food safety hazards occur when food is exposed to hazardous agents which result in contamination of that food. Food hazards may be biological, chemical, physical, allergenic, nutritional and/or biotechnology-related. Hazards may be introduced into the food supply any time during harvesting, formulation and processing, packaging and labelling, transportation, storage, preparation, and serving.
For more information on Food Hazards, see the Reference Database for Hazard Identification (This document is intended for internal use. CFIA staff can access this document using RDIMS number 974917).
How many types of hazards are there in HACCP?
Biological, chemical and physical hazards assessed with HACCP.
How many types of hazards are classified?
GHS Hazard Classification – GHS uses three hazard classes: Health Hazards, Physical Hazards and Environmental Hazards. These aren’t required by OSHA. Health hazards present dangers to human health (i.e. breathing or vision) while physical hazards cause damage to the body (like skin corrosion).
There are 16 physical hazards and 10 health hazards: each hazard is then further divided according to different severity levels. Chemical manufacturers, importers, and distributors are required to classify their chemicals using the updated HazCom 2012. HazCom 2012 provides specific criteria to address physical hazards, health hazards and the classification of chemical mixtures.
It’s important to note, the HazCom 2012 categories are similar yet contradictory to the HMIS/NFPA ratings: GHS 1 – 4 rating system ranks 4 as the least severe while NFPA’s rank 4 is most severe. This inverse rating system has created some concern, however OSHA has indicated that the GHS numbers are for hazard classification purposes and do not reflect the rating of the hazard itself.
How many categories of hazards are there?
Physical hazard are based on the intrinsic properties of the chemical. There are five main classes of physical hazard namely Explosive, Flammable, Oxidising, Gases under Pressure and Corrosive to metals. These are then sub-divided into different categories depending on the degree of danger and these are assigned specific hazard statements to identity them.