The Department Of Mines Safety Comes Under Which Central Ministry In India
Directorate General of Mines Safety, DGMS in short, is the Regulatory Agency under the Ministry of labour and employment, Government of India in matters pertaining to occupational safety, health and welfare of persons employed in mines (Coal, Metalliferous and oil-mines).

Under the Constitution of India, safety, welfare and health of workers employed in mines are the concern of the Central Government (Entry 55-Union List-Article 246). The objective is regulated by the Mines Act, 1952 and the Rules and Regulations framed there under. These are administered by the Directorate-General of Mines Safety (DGMS), under the Union Ministry of Labour & Employment.

Apart from administering the Mines Act and the subordinate legislation there under, DGMS also administers a few other allied legislation, including the Indian Electricity Act. The organization has its headquarters at Dhanbad (Jharkhand) and is headed by Director-General of Mines Safety.

At the headquarter, the Director-General is assisted by specialist staff-officers in mining, electrical and mechanical, occupational health, law, survey, statistics, administration and accounts disciplines. The headquarters has also a technical library and S&T laboratories as a back-up support to the organization.

Officers appointed to different technical posts in DGMS are seleted by U.P.S.C. They are required to have Degree in Mining or Electrical or Mechanical Engineering and several years of experience, varying from seven to ten years of working in responsible capacity in Mines and allied Industry.

Besides officers of mining cadre posses First Class Mine Manager’s Certificate of Competency. The Occupational Health cadre is manned by qualified and experienced medical personnel. Due to the nature of work performed by the officers of DGMS, the Govt. of India decleared the organization as S & T Institution” on the recommendation of Science and Technology Department of Govt.

of India, in November 1987. To

How many DGMS offices are there in India?

Regional Offices of Directorate General of Mines Safety increased from 29 to 38

State PCS Current Affairs

On May 29, 2022, the Directorate General of Mines Safety (DGMS), Dhanbad, issued a notification increasing the number of regional offices from 29 to 38.

After more than a decade, the regional offices of the Directorate General of Mines Safety have been reconstituted and their number has been increased. However, there is no change in the number of zones (currently 8). Two regional offices each have been added at Eastern Zone Sitarampur, South-Eastern Zone Ranchi, Southern Zone Bangalore, Western Zone Nagpur and North-Western Zone Udaipur, one each at South Central Zone Hyderabad and Northern Zone Ghaziabad. Guwahati Region-2 in Eastern Zone Sitarampur, Bhubaneswar Region-2 in South-Eastern Zone Ranchi, Bellary Region-2 in Southern Zone Bangalore, Parsia Region-2 in Western Zone Nagpur, Ahmedabad Region-2 in North-Western Zone Udaipur, Nellore Region and Hyderabad Region-3 in South Central Zone Hyderabad and Srinagar Region and Ajmer Region-2 in Northern Zone Ghaziabad have been added. It may be mentioned that earlier the regional offices of DGMS were restructured in the year 2009, then the existing 6 zones with 6 zones, 21 regional offices and 5 sub-regional offices were brought down to the current level of 29 regional zones with 2 new zones and 3 sub-regional offices.2 new zones – Southern Zone and North-Western Zone and 8 new Regional Offices- Varanasi, Surat, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bellary, Guwahati (Upgradation from Sub-Regional to Regional), Raigarh and Gwalior were formed. At that time, the Ramgarh sub-regional office was transferred to Ranchi and the Southern-Eastern Zone was merged with Ranchi.

: Regional Offices of Directorate General of Mines Safety increased from 29 to 38

Who controls Mines in India?

Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals, other than natural gases, petroleum and atomic minerals, for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc.

Who owns the biggest mine in India?

Let’s have a look at the Top 10 Best Mining Company In India in 2023 – – 1. NMDC Ltd. The leading mining company in India is NMDC Ltd. As the National Mineral Development Corporation, it was founded in 1958. It now works for the Ministry of Steel and has evolved into the mining firm over time. Iron ore, copper, rock phosphate, limestone, dolomite, gypsum, bentonite, magnesia, diamond, tin, tungsten, graphite, and silicon from beach sands are just a few of the many minerals that NMDC is exploring around the nation.

The sole largest producer of iron ore in India is NMDC. In a year, it produces more than 30 tonnes of iron ore from three completely automated mines. In India, NMDC Ltd has made an important contribution to the development and mining of natural resources. It was designated a “Navratna” corporation by the Indian government in 2008, a classification made to public sector companies of significant national and economic value.

In addition to being the largest miner in India, NMDC Ltd also exports massive amounts of metal ores to other countries through bilateral trade agreements between the governments of India and those nations as well as private international corporations.2. Hindalco Industries Limited, formerly called Hindustan Aluminum Company, is the flagship company of India’s largest conglomerate, the Aditya Birla Group. The business, which is the nation’s top in the mining of copper and aluminium, has an annual revenue of more than US$18 billion.

  • Additionally, Hindalco runs the world’s biggest rolling company for aluminium.
  • Hindalco is also Asia’s top producer of primary aluminium, which is a special distinction.
  • The copper production facility owned by Hindalco is one of the biggest bespoke smelters in the world.
  • Bauxite, coal, and other minerals used by power companies and other Indian businesses are also mined by Hindalco.

Hindalco is an important producer of aluminium in the world, with operations in 10 nations. Birla Copper, a branch of the corporation, manufactures continuous cast copper rods and copper cathodes in addition to other by-products like gold, silver, and DAP fertilisers. In India, Vedanta Limited is involved in the mining of iron ore, copper, zinc, lead, silver, and aluminium. The largest and second-largest zinc mining companies in the world, Vedanta Limited controls approximately 78 percent of India’s main zinc industry.

  1. With an ability of more than 600 tonnes per year, it’s additionally one of the top 10 silver producers in the world.
  2. Hindustan Zinc Limited is 64.9 percent owned by Vedanta,
  3. With an ability of 2.3 million tonnes annually, the firm is the biggest producer of aluminium in India.
  4. It controls a 40% portion of the domestic aluminium market.

Vedanta ships a lot of iron ore from Goa to China and Japan in addition to supplying the domestic market. Sesa Goa Iron Ore, a Vedanta Group firm, was established in and is currently one of India’s leading low-cost iron ore producers. In addition, Vedanta Ltd runs one of India’s biggest bespoke copper smelters.4. The largest miner and manufacturer of industrial grade coal, used as fuel in thermal power plants and other purposes, is Coal India Ltd. It is a government-owned company in the public sector in India. It was founded in 1975 as a tiny firm with a 79 million tonne annual coal mining capability.

  • The government has designated CIL as one of the “Maharatna” enterprises because of its economic importance to India and the national economy.82 mining locations make up Coal India Ltd.
  • Seven fully owned coal mining subsidiaries and one mining planning and consulting company make up the corporation.
  • CIL has operations in eight states of India.200 more enterprises, comprising workshops, hospitals, and other institutions, are also managed by CIL.

It owns 102 Vocational Training Institute Centers and 26 Technical and Management Training Institutes. The only educational facility of this type in India, the Indian Institute of Coal Management, is also run by CIL.5. Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. A highly important mining firm in India that is owned by the government is called Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. The Uranium and other rare necessary minerals for supporting India’s military and civilian nuclear programmes are being explored and mined by UCIL.

  1. It’s crucial for the country’s nuclear energy production and provides the uranium and other necessary minerals for defence.
  2. UCIL runs a number of mines around India, including six in Jharkhand, one in Andhra Pradesh, one in each of Karnataka, Telangana, and Meghalaya, as well as one in each of those three states.

This business has helped India become self-sufficient in the need for uranium for Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors, which are used for producing, for example, electricity among certain other things. Directly reporting to the Department of Atomic Energy is UCIL. A large-scale mining corporation in India is GMDC Ltd. It is a state government of Gujarat business. One of the most successful mining firms in India is GMDC Ltd. It is active in initiatives to generate limestone, lignite, bauxite, fluorspar, manganese, silica, and ball clay.

GMDC Ltd. has also entered the power generation business. Additionally, GMDC Ltd. is recognised as one of India’s greenest mining businesses. As part of their corporate social responsibility, its staff put in a lot of time cleaning up regions close to mines and reducing any negative effects of pollution brought on by the business’ operations.

Because of the prominent contribution it makes to the Indian economy and the creation of jobs for skilled workers in Gujarat, GMDC Ltd. has received a number of national honours from the Central government.7. MOIL Manganese Ore India Ltd. is called MOIL. It is India’s top source of manganese ore production. Due to its importance to India’s economy, MOIL was awarded the title of “Miniratna” corporation. It was founded in 1962 and has its headquarters in Nagpur, Maharashtra.

  • It is one of the country’s mining industry’s pioneers.
  • The Central Provinces Manganese Ore Company Limited (CPMO), a British Company incorporated in the UK, was the original name of the business when it was founded in 1896 as Central Province Prospecting Syndicate.
  • Later on, the Indian government took control of it.
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Both the federal government and the state governments of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra have stakes in MOIL. MOIL is ranked 486th among Indian Fortune 500 businesses. About 16 mines for the production of manganese ore are run by MOIL in Maharashtra and the neighbouring Madhya Pradesh. Mining firm Indian Rare Earths Ltd. is distinctive. This premier mining corporation in India explores and cultivates the rarest minerals there, as the name would imply. These are referred to as heavy minerals and include, among others, ilmenite, zircon, rutile, silimanite, and garnet.

Additionally, 10,000 tonnes of monazite and more than 11,220 tonnes of rare earth chloride are produced annually by Indian Rare Earths. For both military and civilian purposes, India greatly values these minerals. Due to the company’s activity in the highly specialised sector of rare minerals, few people are familiar with it.

On August 18, 1950, Indian Rare Earths Limited was founded. The Department of Atomic Energy has administrative authority over how it runs (DAE). One of India’s major mining corporations is Indian Rare Earths Ltd. Few other countries are capable of mining and producing rare materials.9. Mining firm FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. works for the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. It is India’s largest mining firm and a producer of gypsum for both industrial and agricultural uses. This business has been supplying gypsum to cement factories and several World Bank-funded land development projects in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh since 2003.

FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. has been providing the Indian government fertiliser factory in Sindri, close to Dhanbad, with high-grade gypsum for over 60 years. Near the cities of Barmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, and Suratgarh, in Rajasthan, FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. conducts mining operations.

This corporation operates all of its mines in accordance with global environmental protection standards. The corporation makes sure that none of its operations will pollute the areas close to mines. Formerly a division of Food Corporation of India Ltd., FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. Owner and exporter of a bentonite mining operation is Ashapura Minechem. The main goods produced by the business include iron ore, bentonite, bauxite, kaolin, other minerals, value-added items, and others. It operates in various industries, including the market for derivatives and bulk minerals for industrial use.

The company sells bentonite products that are used for drilling, metal casting, and construction. They provide activated bauxite for the purification of transformer oil and lubricants. There are minerals like barytes, kaolin, and attapulgite. The company’s other products include calcined bauxite, geosynthetic clay liners (GCL), clay catalysts, and bleaching clay.

Over 45 million tonnes of sodium and calcium bentonite reserves are positioned all around the country. The company has a variety of activations, milling, and processing places all throughout India. The company’s interests include Antwerp, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Nigeria, and Malaysia.

  • In order to establish the Alumina Refinery Project, the company established Ashapura Aluminium Ltd, a fully owned subsidiary, in collaboration with China Aluminium International Engineering Company Ltd.
  • Both the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and the Ministry of Environment and Forests have given their approval.

The company has built two export-focused operations for bauxite and bentonite in Jamnagar and Baraya, respectively. Challenges for India’s Mining Sector In comparison to large mining nations like China, the United States, Australia, Brazil, and Chile, the mining sector in India contributes a small amount to GDP.

In addition, compared to other mining nations, India’s mining sector has grown far more slowly in recent years. Due to the mining sector’s slower development than the GDP over the past ten years, its contribution to India’s GDP fell from 1.2% to 1%. Economies like those of China, Brazil, Australia, and the United States, in contrast, have increased their involvement as a result of the mining industries’ explosive expansion.

India now has a low policy potential index score and a low mineral potential score, making it an unfavourable location for mining investment. On a composite basis, India is ranked 59th out of 96 mining countries. In comparison to other mining nations, India lags behind in every level of the mining process.

Driving efforts at all stages is necessary for the overall development of the mining industry. The Geological Survey of India (GSI) is leading the generation of baseline data to support exploratory operations, but this process is far from finished. Compared to 90% of Australia’s entire area covered since 1990, just 18% of India’s total land has been covered by an aeromagnetic survey.

India is knowledgeable about geology at a scale of 1:50,000 that covers 98% of the nation’s entire area. Geophysical and geochemical data, however, are lacking (coverage is about 2 to 4%, against 90 to 100% in Australia). For the purpose of promoting exploratory activity by both major and minor mining companies, GSI may concentrate on the generation of baseline data.

  1. India has historically spent less on exploration than other mining economies.
  2. Only 0.4% of the global exploration budget comes from India.
  3. Only 11 businesses have exploratory activity scheduled in India.
  4. In order to sustain reserve development in pace with production, India must raise its exploration expenditure.

Due to operational inefficiencies and murky land records, the EC/FC process takes longer. Additionally, businesses should seek clearances from numerous agencies of state, which take longer when there are no set deadlines. Currently, obtaining a mining lease or prospecting lease permit in India takes at least five years.

  1. This is significantly longer than the processing period in other mining regions; in Canada and Australia, for example, it takes less than two months.
  2. Applications for new rights may be put off by extended processing times.
  3. With aims of less than 3 months as their processing length, the majority of countries have been reducing their processing periods.

Currently, obtaining a mining lease or prospecting lease permit in India takes at least five years. This is significantly longer than the processing period in other mining regions; in Canada and Australia, for example, it takes less than two months. Applications for new rights may be put off by time-consuming processing timeframes.

  • With aims of less than 3 months as their processing length, the majority of countries have been reducing their processing periods.
  • For sustainable development, mine closure is a crucial sector that needs to be enforced by regulatory measures.
  • The financial guarantee for mine closure in India is now relatively low and does not punish defaulters enough.

Companies must pay a significant portion of the mine closure costs upfront as financial security in Western Australia and Canada (70% in Western Australia). Road Ahead There is a sizable potential for new mining operations in the iron ore, bauxite, and coal sectors, as well as sizable potential for subsurface deposit discoveries in the future.

Who regulates coal mines in India?

STATUTORY PROVISION FOR COAL MINE SAFETY: – Coal mining, world over, is highly regulated industry due to presence of many inherent, operational and occupational hazards. Coal Mine Safety Legislation in India is one of the most comprehensive and pervasive statutory framework for ensuring occupational health and safety (OHS).

  • Compliance of these safety statutes is mandatory.
  • In India, the operations in Coalmines are regulated by the Mines Act, 1952 Mine Rules – 1955, Coal Mine Regulation-2017and several other statutes framed thereunder.
  • Directorate-General of Mines Safety (DGMS) under the Union Ministry of Labour & Employment (MOL&E) is entrusted to administer these statutes.

The following are the statutes that are applicable in Coal mines for occupational health and safety (OHS). Click Here for more details to open the chapter SAFETY IN COAL MINES, Annual Report of 2021-22 Click Here for more details opens chapter SAFETY IN COAL MINES from Annual Report of 2017-18

S.N Subject Attachment Date
1 Minutes of the 45th meeting of the Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines held on 5th January, 2021 in New Delhi under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, Coal and Mines. Downloads File size :1.09 MB File type: PDF 2022-12-30
2 Revised minutes of the 46th meeting of the Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines held on 6th July, 2021 in New Delhi under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister of Coal and Mines. Downloads File size :4.49 MB File type: PDF 2022-12-29
3 Revised Minutes of the 47th Meeting of the Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister of Coal held on 13th April, 2022 Downloads File size :6.92 MB File type: PDF 2022-12-28
4 Agenda Note for – 48th Meeting of the standing Committee on safety in coal mines Downloads File size :2.58 MB File type: PDF 2022-12-27
5 Background Note for Standing Committee on Coal, Mines and Steel Downloads File size :651.94 KB File type: PDF 2022-12-26
6 Implementation of Root Cause Analysis (RCA) based accident investigation by the investigators (internal/external) to ensure reduction in accidents in coal mines- reg. Downloads File size :1.39 MB File type: PDF 2022-05-12
7 Minutes of the 43rd meeting of Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines held on 21.08.2018 at New Delhi. Downloads File size :1 MB File type: PDF 2018-09-18
8 Agenda for 43rd Meeting of the Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines. Downloads File size :1.7 MB File type: PDF 2018-08-20
9 43rd meeting of the Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines Downloads File size :477.79 KB File type: PDF 2018-08-13
10 Minutes of the 42nd meeting of Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines held on 26.2.2018 at New Delhi. Downloads File size :54.63 KB File type: PDF 2018-03-23
11 Agenda for 42nd Meeting of the Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines. Downloads File size :3.14 MB File type: PDF 2018-02-23
12 42nd meeting of the Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines. Downloads File size :1.82 MB File type: PDF 2018-02-21
13 41st meeting of Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines scheduled to be held on 21.12.2016 at 7.30PM to 9.30PM at Friend-ship Lounge, Ashoka Hotel, New Delhi In Downloads File size :13.83 KB File type: PDF 2016-12-20
14 41st meeting of Standing Committee on Safety in Coal Mines scheduled to be held on 20-12-2016 at 10.00AM -12.00 Noon at Hotel Samrat, Kautilya Hall, 50-B, Chankya Puri, Kautilya Marg, New Delhi Downloads File size :70.68 KB File type: PDF 2016-12-19
15 Agenda Note for 44th Meeting of the Standing Committee On Safety In Coal Mines Downloads File size :3.75 MB File type: PDF

Which company mines lithium in India?

New Lithium deposits discovered in Rajasthan after J-K After Jammu and Kashmir, lithium reserves have been traced in Rajasthan’s Degana, according to media reports citing state government officials. It is said that are higher than the ones recently found in Jammu and Kashmir.

Officials have even alleged that the quantity of lithium here can meet around 80% of India’s demand. For the first time, lithium reserves were found in Jammu and Kashmir’s Reasi in February this year. This was the first significant mineral discovery in India, as previously only a small reserve had been discovered in Karnataka.

It attributes the discovery to the mines ministry’s new focus on rare earth. Since lithium is a key component of batteries used in electric vehicles, the government is searching for rare metal reserves both within and outside the country. Apart from GSI, a consortium of three Public-sector Undertaking companies – National Aluminium Company, Hindustan Copper, and Mineral Exploration Corp – is working to provide a vehicle for research & development for recycling, acquisition, and also joint manufacturing of Lithium-ion batteries.

Lithium reserves are concentrated in the lithium triangle in South America – Argentina, Bolivia & Chile, with 50% of the deposits concentrated in these regions. China, meanwhile, has the lead over other countries and China controls 75% of Lithium refining. India’s plan to increase EV penetration by 30% by 2030 relies heavily on lithium – as of now, only a little more than 1% of all vehicle sales in the country are electric vehicles.

A is the only alternative for electric vehicles since it has a high power-to-weight ratio, enabling it to provide a large charge while keeping the vehicle’s curb weight low. It is more energy efficient and performs better at a wide range of temperatures.

What is the highest salary in mining in India?

Highest salary that a Mining Engineer can earn is ₹10.5 Lakhs per year (₹87.5k per month).

Which is the richest mining region of India?

Which is the richest State of India from the point of view of minerals?Option A Answer Verified Hint: There are two types of mineral resources namely, Metallic and Nonmetallic resources. Metallic resources are those from which any metal is extracted like gold, silver, copper, iron, zinc, aluminium.

Nonmetallic resources are resources like sand, gypsum, Uranium and halite. Complete Step by Step answer: Option A: A number of minerals like sand, gold, iron ore, graphite, clay and bauxite are found in Kerala. Kerala. In Kerala, 90 percent minerals are produced by heavy mineral sand and China clay. But Kerala is not the richest State of India from the point of view of minerals.

This is an incorrect answer. Option B: Pyrite resources of India are mainly found in Bihar. Bihar holds 95 percent of mineral resources. Minerals like limestone, mica, quartz, bauxite, China clay, felspar, granite, lead, iron ore, zinc are found in abundance in Bihar.

  • But Bihar is not the richest State of India from the point of view of minerals.
  • This is an incorrect answer.Option C: Maharashtra is the second largest producer of kyanite and manganese ore.
  • Some important minerals which are found in Maharashtra are bauxite, clay, chromite, coal, dolomite etc.
  • But Maharashtra is not the richest State of India from the point of view of minerals.

This is an incorrect answer.Option D: Jharkhand is the state which is currently producing one sixty million ton of different kinds of minerals. Min minerals which are found in Jharkhand are iron ore, bauxite, coal, Uranium, limestone, dolomite, quartz.

  • Jharkhand is the richest State of India from the point of view of minerals.
  • This is the correct answer.Option D is the correct answer because Jharkhand is the richest State of India from the point of view of minerals.
  • Note: Coal, iron ore, Diamond, Natural gases, manganese ore, Bauxite, limestone and thorium are the major mineral resources of India.

India’s rank on the basis of mineral production is fourth in the world. : Which is the richest State of India from the point of view of minerals?Option A

Which state is rich in minerals in India?

Which state is rich in minerals in India? Jharkhand is known for its abundant mineral resources. It is known for the production of minerals like coal, iron ore, copper ore, mica, bauxite, graphite, and limestone.

Which is the richest Gold Mines in India?

Name the richest, deepest and oldest gold mine of India.A. HuttiB. GolkondaC. KolarD. Nellore Join Vedantu’s FREE Mastercalss Answer Verified Hint: It is one of the two major goldfields of Karnataka and was called Mini England in British India. The mine was closed on 28 February 2001 due to depletion of high-grade ore reserves and increase in production cost and several socio-economic issues.

  1. Complete answer: Karnataka is the largest gold producing state of India.
  2. Olar gold fields and Hutti goldfields are two major goldfields located in Karnataka.Kolar gold fields or KGF are in Kolar district, located 100 kilometres away from Bengaluru.
  3. It was called Mini England in British India.
  4. The mine was closed on 28 February due to depletion of high-grade ore reserves, several socio-economic issues and increase in production cost as mining at these enormous depths requires special equipment which made it very difficult to cover the operational costs.Hutti goldfields are situated in Kolar district, 100 kilometres away from Bengaluru.

It is one of the ancient mines of the world, dating to the pre- Ashokan period and the second deepest gold mines after KGF. At Hutti gold mines 2000 tonnes of gold is crushed every day. Currently, Hutti gold mines are the only active gold mine in India.Golconda mines, especially Kollur mines, hold vast reserves of finest diamonds.

These mines are located in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Nellore mines situated in Andhra Pradesh is one of the most important mica mines. It is popularly known as the Nellore mica belt. So, the correct answer is option C. Note: Kolar gold fields or KGF are in Kolar district, located 100 kilometres away from Bengaluru.

It was called Mini England in British India. Hutti gold mines are the only active gold mine in India. Golconda mines are diamond mines in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Nellore mines are famous mica mines in Andhra Pradesh. : Name the richest, deepest and oldest gold mine of India.A.

Who was the owner of KGF mines?

History – The history of the Kolar Gold Fields was compiled by Fred Goodwill, superintendent of the Police, Maldives and Kolar Gold Fields. Goodwill’s studies were published in the Quarterly Journal of the Mythic Society and elsewhere. The Jain Western Gangas Dynasty founded Kolar in the second century CE.

  1. For as long as they were in power (nearly 1,000 years) they used the title “Kuvalala-Puravareshwara” (Lord of Kolar), even after they moved their capital to Talakadu,
  2. From Talakadu, the Western Gangas ruled Gangavadi (the southern home of the Kannada people ).
  3. Olar came under Chola rule in 1004.
  4. Following their usual naming system, the Cholas called the district Nikarilichola-mandala.

Around 1117, the Hoysalas (under Vishnuvardhana ) captured Talakadu and Kolar and drove the Cholas from the Kingdom of Mysore, Vira Someshwara divided the empire between his two sons in 1254, and Kolar was given to Ramanatha. The Western Gangas made Kolar their capital and ruled Mysore, Coimbatore, Salem,

  • Around the 13th century, the sage Pavananthi Munivar wrote Nannool about Tamil grammar at the Ulagamadhi cave.
  • Under Chola rule, King Uththama Chola is said to have built the temple to Renuka,
  • The Chola rulers Veera Chola, Vikrama Chola and Raja Nagendra Chola built stone structures with inscriptions at Avani, Mulbagal, and Sitti Bettta.

Chola inscriptions indicate the rule of Adithya Chola I (871–907), Raja Raja Chola I and Rajendra Chola I of Kolar, referring to Kolar as “Nikarili Cholamandalam” and “Jayam Konda Chola Manadalam”. Inscriptions of Rajendra Chola I appear on the Kolaramma temple.

  • Many Siva temples were built in Kolar under the Cholas, such as the Someshwarar and Sri Uddhandeshwari Temples in the village of Marikuppam, the Eswaran Temple in Oorugaumpet, and the Sivan Temple in the village of Madivala.
  • Chola rule of Kolar lasted until 1116.
  • Chola inscriptions have been neglected and vandalised.

According to B. Lewis Rice, names and events have been confused. Vijaynagar rule of Kolar lasted from 1336 to 1664. During the 17th century, Kolar came under Maratha rule as part of the jagir of Shahaji for fifty years before it was ruled by the Muslims for seventy years.

  • In 1720, Kolar became part of the province of Sira ; Fath Muhammad, the father of Hyder Ali, was faujdar of the province.
  • Olar was then ruled by the Marathas, the Nawab of Cuddapah, the Nizam of Hyderabad, and Hyder Ali.
  • Ruled by the British from 1768 to 1770, it passed again to the Marathas and then to Hyder Ali,

In 1791, Lord Cornwallis conquered Kolar in 1791, returning it again to Mysore in the Treaty of Seringapatam the following year. Inscriptions in the region indicate the reign of Mahavalis (Baanaas), Kadambas, Chalukyas, Pallava, Vaidumbaas, Rastrakutas, Cholas, Hoysalas and Mysore kings.B.

  • Lewis Rice recorded 1,347 inscriptions in the district in the 10th volume of Epigraphia Carnatica,
  • Of the inscriptions, 714 are in Kannada ; 422 are in Telugu, and 211 in Tamil,
  • John Taylor III acquired a number of mines in K.G.F.
  • In 1880, and his firm (John Taylor & Sons) operated them until 1956; the Mysore Gold Mining Company was a subsidiary.

In 1902, the mines were electrified with a 140-kilometre (87 mi) cable run by General Electric from the hydroelectric power plant at Shivanasamudra Falls, The government of Mysore took over the mines in 1956.

Which is the world’s deepest mine in India?

Kolar mines are one of the deepest mines in the world. Gold in small quantities is also extracted from the Ramgiri region of Anantpur district in Andhra Pradesh.

How many illegal mines are there in India?

Haryana violence live updates: Death toll rises to 5, mosque attacked in Gurugram, curfew in Nuh –

What would you do if some people stole some items from your house? You would immediately go to the police against this and ask the police to find your stolen goods? Any person would do the same. But now imagine if some people steal the mineral wealth of your country, then what will you do? Then maybe you will forget after seeing this news in newspapers and news channels.

Today, a DSP was killed by an illegal mining mafia in Nuh near the country’s capital Delhi. DSP Surendra Singh had received information that illegal mining was being done by some people in this area on the Aravalli hills, after which he reached there with his team. He parked his car in front to stop the accused riding in the dumper.

But despite this, the accused killed DSP Surendra Singh by crushing him with a dumper. How illegal mining harms the country? According to a report by the Union Environment Ministry, between 2013 and 2017, 4,16,000 incidents of illegal mining were reported.

  1. According to this, there are 1 lakh incidents of illegal mining in the country every year.
  2. Every month 8,833, every day 294 and every hour 12 incidents, some river and hill of the country is dug illegally.
  3. The mineral wealth of the country is openly looted.
  4. But the surprising thing is that most of the cases of illegal mining never reach the court or the police.

In 2016, 1,07,609 cases of illegal mining were reported. But out of these, FIR was registered only in 6,033 cases. The web of the mining mafia is such that these people easily escape by bribery, hooliganism, collusion with government departments and police.

In 2016, the mining mafia stole mineral wealth worth Rs 1,326 crore in India, but it was not even discussed in the country. Our country has army to fight terrorists, police and security forces to fight naxalites and extremists. But we do not have the strength which is needed the most today to fight the illegal mining mafia.

You can understand this from today’s incident. The DSP who was crushed to death by a dumper, his only fault was that he stood like a rock to stop this mining mafia. He was a resident of Hisar district of Haryana and he was recruited as ASI in Haryana Police on July 12, 1994.

Three months later on October 31, he was going to retire. But before that he was murdered. We feel that this whole matter is a direct challenge to the government, the state police system and the laws of this country. Illegal mining mafia has killed DSP Surendra Singh and stated with it that it will continue to loot the mineral wealth of the country.

Even if they have to kill policemen for this. The place where this incident happened in Nuh near Delhi is part of the Aravalli mountain range, which is counted among the oldest mountain ranges in the world. The Aravalli hills also affect the monsoon of North India.

  • Rare trees, animals and birds are also present on these hills.
  • In 2002, the Supreme Court had banned any kind of mining in the Aravalli hills.
  • But in spite of this, the Aravalli hills are still being dug up in Rajasthan and Haryana because marble, red stone and sand are found from these hills.
  • In 2018, a Supreme Court-appointed committee had reported that between 1968 and 2018, i.e.

in these 50 years, 25 percent of the Aravalli hills have disappeared due to illegal mining. Imagine this mafia sold 25 percent of the Aravalli hills, but despite this, this issue never became an issue in our country. And nothing could be more unfortunate than this.

The whole system is responsible for this. For this the Government of Haryana is responsible, the Chief Minister of Haryana is responsible for this, the Haryana Police is responsible for this, the Forest Department is responsible for this, other concerned departments and big officials are responsible for this.

Strict laws are made for any kind of reforms in our country but they are never strictly implemented. For example, last year in 2021, the Indian government increased the punishment in such cases from two years to five years to check illegal mining. But despite this, the process of hollowing out rivers and mountains did not stop.

  1. This illegal mining is done in an organized manner.
  2. The whole gang i.e., mafia works behind this.
  3. These people give bribes to government officials and departments for illegal mining.
  4. The police are also accused of collusion with them.
  5. In most of the cases, FIR is not even registered.
  6. In this way, these people loot the mineral wealth of crores of rupees every year from this country.

Like America has weapons, China has technology, Russia has crude oil and natural gas. In the same way, India has huge reserves of mineral materials, but India has never been able to handle this wealth systematically. Sometimes there was a coal scam in our country and sometimes a sand scam happened in the name of sand mining.

  • That is, India could not take advantage of this mineral wealth.
  • The mining industry in India is worth about Rs 3 lakh crore.
  • In the year 2020-21, it was Rs 2,94,644 crore.95 different types of minerals are produced in India.
  • Apart from this, India has the largest coal reserves in the world.
  • Apart from this, India comes fourth in the whole world in terms of iron production.

There are also huge reserves of many minerals like Bauxite, Chromite, Limestone in the country. This mineral wealth is regulated in our country under the Mines and Minerals Act of 1957. Under this, permission is required from the Central and State Governments, Ministry of Environment, Forest Department and other departments for mining.

In return, the government also has to pay the prescribed Royalty Fee for mining. But despite this, sand and other minerals are openly mined illegally in different states. And the whole Nexus works behind it. You will be even more surprised to know that today if our country is forced to struggle with floods every year, then one of the reasons for this is illegal mining.

Illegal mining mafias target rivers and mountains, while neglecting the environment. Due to this, rivers get damaged and disasters like floods take a formidable form. In August 2017, the Supreme Court had said that if any company does illegal mining without the permission of the environment ministry, then 100 percent recovery will be made from it.

That is, if sand worth 10 crores is extracted, then that company will have to pay 20 crores as fine. It’s not just about illegal mining here. But here it is also a matter of law and order. Illegal mining mafia is so powerful that they do not back down from taking anyone’s life. According to a report, in the year 2019 and 2020, a total of 193 people died during illegal sand and clay mining in India.

Of these, 95 people died by being buried under the soil while 5 journalists and social workers were murdered. Apart from this, 11 government officers were also put to death during this period. How serious this problem is, you can understand it with an example from Karnataka.

Illegal mining in Karnataka alone has caused a loss of more than Rs 50,000 crore to the exchequer. That is, whether it is the Garo hills of Meghalaya, the Yamuna river belt of Delhi, Haridwar with the Ganges river, be it Narmada and Chambal river of Madhya Pradesh, Kosi river of Bihar, Godavari and Krishna river of Andhra Pradesh or Kaveri river of Tamil Nadu, every river in India is currently facing the problem of illegal mining.

According to a United Nations report, India needs 700 million tonnes of soil or sand every year. And this need will increase in the coming time. But the illegal mining mafia is digging India’s chest and looting it every day and the whole country is silent on this loot.

Who controls coal prices in India?

Majority of coal is sold through the Notified Prices. For Non-Coking Coal, CIL fixes notified prices for each grade. There is price discrimination as to the Regulated Sector and Non- Regulated Sector (NRS). Again, due to cost considerations, different Notified Price dispensation has been made for WCL coal.

Who regulates major minerals in India?

Conclusion – In order to increase employment opportunities and investment in the mining sector, including coal, the latest Amendment through the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill of 2021 establishes the objective to fully utilize the potential and capacity of the mineral sector.

How many mining places are there in India?

MINING. Indian mining industry is characterized by a large number of small operational mines. The number of mines which reported mineral production (excluding minor minerals, fuel minerals and atomic minerals) in India was 1319 in 2021-22 as against 1375 in the previous year.

How many mining companies are there in India?

There are 94,000 Mining Companies In India and 4,10,000 Mining Companies in the world. The top 10 Mining Companies In India are the following: NDMC Ltd. Uranium Corporation Of India Ltd.

How many mining sites are there in India?

Published by Jul 20, 2023 In financial year 2022, the number of reporting mines in India was estimated at 1,319. This was a decrease compared to the previous year, when India had approximately 1,375 reporting mines. India’s mining industry is regulated both at the central and state level, and mining activity can be performed following the acquisition of a license.

How many mine workers are there in India?

Introduction – The tradition of mining in the region is ancient and underwent modernization alongside the rest of the world as India has gained independence in 1947. The economic reforms of 1991 and the 1993 National Mining Policy further helped the growth of the mining sector.

  • India’s minerals range from both metallic and non-metallic types.
  • The metallic minerals comprise ferrous and non-ferrous minerals, while the nonmetallic minerals comprise mineral fuels, precious stones, among others.D.R.
  • Hullar holds that mining in India depends on over 3,100 mines, out of which over 550 are fuel mines, over 560 are mines for metals, and over 1970 are mines for extraction of nonmetals.

The figure given by S.N. Padhi is: ‘about 600 coal mines, 35 oil projects and 6,000 metalliferous mines of different sizes employing over one million persons on a daily average basis.’ Both open cast mining and underground mining operations are carried out and drilling / pumping is undertaken for extracting liquid or gaseous fuels.

  1. The country produces and works with roughly 100 minerals, which are an important source for earning foreign exchange as well as satisfying domestic needs.
  2. India also exports iron ore, titanium, manganese, bauxite, granite, and imports cobalt, mercury, graphite etc.
  3. Unless controlled by other departments of the Government of India, mineral resources of the country are surveyed by the Ministry of Mines, which also regulates the manner in which these resources are used.

The ministry oversees the various aspects of industrial mining in the country. Both the Geological Survey of India and the Indian Bureau of Mines are also controlled by the ministry. Natural gas, petroleum and atomic minerals are exempt from the various activities of the Indian Ministry of Mines.