What Are The 10 Safety Device
1. Head Protection – Head protection gear comprises helmets, hard hats, bump caps, guards, and accessories. They help prevent any damage to the head in the workplace environment due to a falling or swinging object. They also protect the user from knocking off the head against stationary objects. Caps and hairnets function to protect against scalping on machinery and entanglement as well.

What are the 10 PPE?

Components of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Information on specific components of PPE. Including gloves, gowns, shoe covers, head covers, masks, respirators, eye protection, face shields, and goggles.

Gloves help protect you when directly handling potentially infectious materials or contaminated surfaces. Gowns help protect you from the contamination of clothing with potentially infectious material. Shoe and head covers provide a barrier against possible exposure within a contaminated environment. Surgical masks help protect your nose and mouth from splattered of body fluids, respirators filter the air before you inhale it. Goggles help protect only your eyes from splatters. A face shield provides splatter protection to facial skin, eyes, nose, and mouth.

Last Updated: 10/20/2022 : Components of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

What are 5 safety devices you know?

By Michael Panish, Construction Expert Witness – As a construction expert witness, I am often asked about the importance of using safety equipment. I have many years of personal experiences with the proper observance of safety procedures and appropriate safety equipment requirements.

  1. In my professional life as a general building contractor, I have conducted regularly scheduled safety meetings, provided safety equipment to my employees, and trained my workmen on the proper ways to protect themselves while on the job.
  2. I have personally monitored my crews to verify that appropriate protective gear is worn and used at all times when needed.

In my personal life, safety and appropriate protective equipment is equally as important. I own, maintain, and use just about every piece of job specific safety equipment that is available. It is my opinion that your home workshop, personal residence, and yard can become just as dangerous as a construction jobsite when work is being performed.

Many homeowners think that work around the house is not the same as work on a construction jobsite. Do-it-yourself television programs make renovations seem simple and easy to accomplish. As a result of these numerous television shows, some homeowners attempt to tackle a renovation project completely unprepared, at least with regard to the usage of safety equipment.

I have watched many television programs where the contractors, workmen, and homeowners operate noisy power tools without hearing protection. They tear apart walls and demolish interior partitions without dust masks, gloves, or face protection. While performing hazardous work, these tradesmen do not always address job safety or the potential health hazards from asbestos related products, plaster dust, or mold issues that may exist within the scope of the home renovation work.

These television shows can mislead or ignore the fact that the general public may view these projects as safe and easy to accomplish. They potentially create safety concerns that can affect the novice and uninformed viewer. Serious personal injuries occur frequently to homeowners doing simple weekend yard work, mainly due to the fact that they failed to wear protective garments, eye or hearing protection.

The “weekend warrior” risks potential injury by over-reaching while working on undersized or improperly positioned ladders, filling hot tools with explosive gasoline, or digging trenches without checking for underground utilities. They purchase power tools that they may not know how to use and lack the understanding of the potential harm that the tool can create.

In many states, it is a requirement that a construction or demolition site be surveyed for hazardous materials such as asbestos or petroleum products prior to beginning any work. Even some professional contractors ignore this investigation and most homeowners are completely unaware of this necessary safety check.

The importance of this preliminary site survey cannot be overstated. Contamination from construction debris or hazardous waste is not only dangerous to the site workers, but can seriously affect the environment and can create costly cleanup related fees.

  • I have been the retained construction expert on several personal injury cases that involved trained construction workers.
  • These workmen are required to wear and use protective clothing such as steel toed shoes and a hard hat during normal on the job hours.
  • However, when working on their own personal residences, they chose to wear casual clothes such as tennis shoes, and baseball hats, all the while drinking alcohol.

The lack of proper protective gear, in combination with alcohol consumption, and numerous distractions ended in serious personal injuries. In one of my past construction injury cases, an inebriated tradesman/homeowner decided to adjust an overhead sectional garage door spring.

He had no training of any type dealing with these springs and paid no attention to the installed spring tension warning labels. What made him feel qualified was that he had watched a couple of garage door installer’s repair or adjust a neighbors’ garage door. Not understanding the tremendous stored energy in the garage door torsion spring, and after having had a few drinks, the homeowner decided he had the courage to remove the bolts that secure the spring and make an adjustment.

He chose to use a small wrench. The short tool that he used became unmanageable in his hand, he lost his grip and the tool which was now powered by the force of the stored energy in the spring, flew off of the bolts and smashed into his face and head.

How does this story relate to safety products? Safety and the appropriate usage of safety products start with the conscious decision on the part of the user to employ those safety devices. Rational behavior and common sense are often impaired by the usage of alcohol, and any construction or yard work should not be performed while under the influence.

Safety products for almost every purpose are available at most local home centers. While the quality and durability of these products may or may not equal products in professional trade supply houses, they at least begin to address the importance of using appropriate safety products to keep the homeowner aware that safety concerns are real.

In addition, most safety products are currently available on line and can be purchased for next day delivery. Inform Others to Leave You Alone While You Are Working One of the most basic forms of safety for any jobsite or home location is to make sure that you have a clear and secure work area. Inform co-workers or your family to leave you alone to do your work.

Do not play games around your work space or allow children or animals to distract you or divert your attention in any way. A quick glance toward a diversion can create enough distraction to create severe personal injuries. Whether you are using a portable saw, table or hand saw, distractions equal danger.

Pay strict attention to your work, stop when you become tired or lose interest, and remain focused on your project without any outside interruptions. This aspect of safety does not require purchasing any piece of equipment. Continual and ongoing safety should always be your first priority. What Safety Devices Should a Homeowner Have in Their Home? The following list is a suggested start to basic equipment you should have around the house.

Fire Extinguishers Many common fires around the house can be stopped with the usage of a proper fire extinguisher. While quick action and correct usage may put out the fire, it is important to also be aware of the limitations of the extinguisher used.

  1. Fully understand and read all included instructions prior to usage.
  2. It is a good and safe practice to regularly inspect your extinguisher to verify that it is properly charged.
  3. It is also a good idea to make sure that the contents of the extinguisher do not become a solid mass.
  4. A few times a year it is recommended that the contents be shaken.

Alternatively, a rubber mallet can be used to smack the bottom of the device (do not hit the valve or hose components). This agitation will help to prevent the solid materials from clumping into an unusable mass. Smoke, Fire, Carbon Monoxide Detectors These devices give advance warning to unseen, unknown, or undetectable dangerous conditions.

  1. It is important to check the condition of the power source to these detectors.
  2. If they are hardwired into the building, check to verify that a battery back-up exists.
  3. If the type of battery installed charges during normal conditions it probably does not need replacing every six months.
  4. If the battery is expendable, it is good practice to change it whenever daylight savings events occur.

It is good practice to test these devices, either hard wired or battery type, at least once a month to verify that they are working correctly. If a test fails, replace the device immediately to assure your protection. Seek additional information regarding these devices from the manufacturer or online sources.

Fire Escape Ladders Add extra safety to your family if you have multiple floors. Stairwells can often become chimneys, depending upon the location of a fire. In the event of a fire, it is important to have multiple egress points. Pre-boxed fire escape ladders can be kept under windows, beds or adjacent closets to be used in the event of a fire.

Always check the condition of the ladder immediately after purchase to assure that the ladder is usable in the event of an emergency situation. These ladders are available in some home centers and online for immediate shipping. Dust Masks & Respirators Respirators and dust masks are an important part of many jobs.

  • It is important to make sure that your lungs and airways are protected from adverse chemicals and airborne contaminants.
  • There are many types of dust masks available.
  • Dust masks should not be confused or interchanged with respirators.
  • A dust mask is generally a low cost paper or synthetic filtering device manufactured to help stop dust, debris, and dirt from entering your nose and mouth.

A respirator is generally considered a cartridge and filtered system to trap contaminants and purify the air particles prior to entering your respiratory system. Make certain that the usage of the proper type of mask or respirator is proven for the type of work that you are performing.

Make certain that the filters and cartridges in a respirator are approved by NIOSH or OSHA and meet the requirements to protect you. An indication that a respirator needs the replacement of filters is when you begin to smell or taste the products you are using the respirator to filter. When that occurs, always stop work, replace the cartridge or filter prior to continuing.

Always read, follow, and understand the instructions that come with this piece of safety equipment. Check with the manufacturer or supplier to verify that you are using appropriate products for your job. More professional and stringent requirements for the usage of certain type of respirators include medical evaluations prior to the issuance of the respirator.

An example of this type of requirement would pertain to work related to asbestos or mold abatement. In addition to proper training prior to working with asbestos, it is important that a medical evaluation determines that your body is able to properly function while you are wearing the approved respirator.

The removal of asbestos or mold is not to be taken lightly and should not be performed by an untrained, unlicensed or uncertified contractor. This is not a project for a homeowner. Gloves Gloves for all purposes (Rubber, latex, chemical resistant, electrical insulated, leather work, thermal insulated, heat resistant, Kevlar reinforced, etc.) – Gloves are a very basic and easy to find safety item.

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The importance of proper protection of your hands and arms cannot be overstated. There are as many types of gloves available as there are types of jobs. It is important to know the limitations and requirements of your gloves prior to beginning work. Hearing Protection Hearing protection includes equipment such as ear plugs and head phones.

Long term hearing loss can be created by a sudden unexpected loud noise. It is important to plan for that possibility and provide adequate hearing protection. Long term exposure to low levels of certain frequencies can also damage hearing. Consult online guides, job related service manuals, and other available sources to determine the correct type of hearing protection that should be used for any job.

  • Repeated exposure to yard and lawn equipment can be very damaging to your ears, and even though it may occur on an infrequent basis, it is important for anyone exposed to these products to protect their ears.
  • Safety Clothing Safety clothing for specialized usage.
  • Some examples of protective clothing products and related items include Kevlar chainsaw protective chaps, gloves, boots, hard hat with face shield, etc.

Chain saw users can encounter several assaults on their bodies at every usage. Hearing can be seriously affected, so headphones are essential. A hardhat is recommended to protect against the inadvertent tree branch falling from above. A face shield is suggested to protect against flying wood chips, tree limbs, and branches that may brush past a user.

Safety glasses are suggested to protect against sudden projectile impacts that pass the face shield. One of the most significant and potentially lifesaving products that can be worn are products made using Kevlar fabric. This fabric, when cut with an errant chain saw chain, becomes shredded and grabs the chain, hopefully stopping the chain before cutting your body parts.

It is important to wear protective boots, chaps, gloves, and vests made with Kevlar at all times during usage of a chain saw to protect all major body parts and extremities. Work Shop / Wood Shop Protection Face masks, goggles, dust masks, respirators, hearing protection, proper gloves for specific tasks, ventilation devices for airflow, and dust collectors are recommended.

  • Understand the task that you are planning, and make certain to have all needed safety products and equipment prior to starting your project.
  • A good first aid kit is important to have in your workshop.
  • Boots Steel Toed Work Boots or Regular Work Boots are essential for working with heavy objects that can fall on your feet.

Steel toed boots have a protective reinforcement in the toe to protect your foot from falling objects, compression, or punctures. For light products, non-steel toed shoes may be sufficient. The addition of steel in your work boots is good additional insurance against foot injuries.

Steel toed shoes are often professional requirements on most work sites. Why not add the protection of steel toed work boots when you plan to buy your next pair of work shoes? Ladders Proper and appropriate ladders for multipurpose use. Never use a ladder for more than its’ intended purpose. Fiberglass ladders offer non conductivity from electrical sources, come in a variety of types and load ratings, and last for years.

In most cases, they are far more durable than a wooden ladder or any aluminum ladder product. They may cost a little more, but are well worth the price in the long run, and will provide many years of safe usage if properly maintained and stored. Ground Fault Circuit Protection Ground fault circuit protectors for electrical outlets in water or moisture adjacent areas.

  • While a G.F.I.
  • Ground fault interrupter) is an electrical code requirement in wet locations in newer construction, older homes may not have been upgraded to include these devices.
  • Homeowners, not thinking about shock hazards, may not know if the outlet that they are connecting exterior extension cords to are grounded or protected by a G.F.C.I.

(Ground fault circuit interrupter.) Unprotected circuits and outlets now connected to these electrical extension cords can lead to shock hazards or even death. The above list of suggested safety equipment is not to be considered an exhaustive resource of information.

Suggestions made in this article should offer some assistance in determining the type of products that will help to increase your safety when working around your home. The author is not responsible for any omitted or included content and urges the reader to make informed decisions and take personal responsibility to assure that they have received all the information to make informed decisions for any project.

The author is not responsible for any manufacturers’ products, defects, or usage of those products. Be informed that readers of this article assume all risks associated with using safety equipment mentioned in the article. Remember to purchase the best quality safety products that you can find.

Remember the saying: If you have a ten dollar head, get a ten dollar helmet. The same adage applies to all safety gear. Buy the best products available, check what a tool or equipment supplier recommends, and research the proper way to use the safety equipment. If you are unsure as to whether something is safe, and you have any doubts, do not proceed with any work.

Seek professional assistance and protect yourself from possible severe bodily injuries. Sample Injuries that can occur around the Home: Chain Saw related injuries in many areas around the country, it is not unusual for a homeowner to own and routinely use a chain saw.

  1. From information given to me at many chain saw supply stores, very few people choose to purchase the protective garments such as Kevlar lined gloves, boots and chaps.
  2. And, they don’t always concern themselves with eye, ear, or head protection.
  3. When I purchased a chain saw several years ago, the local store owner was surprised and pleased that I requested and purchased all of the safety products that pertained to usage of that saw.

The usual homeowner attitude is that “I am not working professionally, so my casual usage of this chain saw will not be a problem.” With all accidents, it only takes one incident to change your life completely. The chain saw itself is only one part of a potential serious injury.

  1. Falling tree branches can strike you on the head, scratch your face, and injure your eyes.
  2. Loud noise from the chain saw is also significant in damaging your ears and creating fatigue while working for long periods of time.
  3. Wearing proper Kevlar protective clothing can save your life.
  4. The steel like threads that make up Kevlar become entangled in a chain saw chain stopping its’ cutting action instead of allowing the chain to cut a vital body part such as arteries in your leg, arm or hand.

Kevlar reinforced steel toed work boots also help protect your feet from heavy objects and accidental contact with your chain saw blade. Work shop related injuries Many homeowners enjoy the time spent in their workshops in out-buildings, garages, and basements.

  • Workshop injuries occur for many reasons.
  • Working without protective clothing or eye and ear protection top the list.
  • Working for too long, becoming tired, and attempting to finish a project often create careless mistakes that lead to life altering injuries.
  • Over working tools (pushing the tools to perform tasks that they are not designed to do or the over-stressing of blades and drill bits) lead to fracturing and projectile ejection.

Quality safety equipment can help to limit the potential injuries from unpredictable occurrences. But, most importantly, common sense and knowing when to stop work are the most important aspect in preventing personal injury. Fresh air is also essential to assure your safety.

  1. Make sure your work space is properly ventilated and there is adequate air exchange.
  2. Never spray paint or other finishes in an enclosed space.
  3. In addition to becoming difficult to breathe and see, sprays can become explosive if the right conditions and airborne concentrations exist.
  4. Summary The purpose of wearing protective products should make perfect sense to everyone.

It is important that you, as the power tool user, take it upon yourself to purchase and use appropriate safety equipment. Many big box stores gladly sell potentially dangerous power tools to anyone. Normally, there is not any verification to see if the new power tool buyer has proper training, safety equipment or enough information to use the tool safely.

While there is no law regarding regulating the purchase of most dangerous tools, even a simple hammer can create bodily injury if not used properly. It is not the responsibility of a store to enforce the usage of safety equipment, but it seems that it would be a good policy to inquire with the new tool buyer whether or not they are prepared to safely use their new tool and have proper safety equipment.

Major life threatening injuries can result from the improper usage of power tools and even small hand tools. It is important to remember to use any necessary safety equipment that would protect you from injury while using a specific piece of equipment.

Personal safety is the responsibility of the individual. Safety information and products are available online and in trade publications and journals that offer construction related products. Mike has been designated by Plaintiff and Defense as construction expert witness in jobsite injury and accident cases resulting from improper or unsafe tool usage, inappropriate safety precautions, and hazardous working conditions.

He has been called upon by insurance adjusters and claims representatives to evaluate the jobsite conditions and assist them in determining the reason for the claim or injury. In addition, insurance claims adjusters have called upon him to help them analyze the causation of fires and floods that have resulted from incorrect usage or mishandled tools and equipment.

Mike has been an invaluable part of the team representing the Plaintiff when a claim of unsafe and reckless behavior on the part of the employer was determined. He has provided his expert services in defense of claims that have limited the Defendant’s liability in other cases. His past experience in the trades has allowed his evaluations to carry significant weight during mediations and arbitration hearings.

The vast majority of cases where he was the retained construction expert have settled favorably for his clients. A full list of Mike Panish’s construction expert witness services is available on his website at www.ConstructionWitness.com.

What are example of safety devices?

A safety device is a piece of equipment such as a fire extinguisher, safety belt, or burglar alarm that reduces loss or damage from a fire, accident, or break-in.

How many PPE types are there?

Selecting the right PPE to sufficiently reduce exposure to hazards is essential to laboratory safety. The purpose of this section is to provide resources allowing researchers to identify and classify various types of PPE so the appropriate safety precautions are taken when conducting research.

  • For the purpose of this site, PPE will be classified into categories: eye and face protection, hand protection, body protection, respiratory protection, and hearing protection,
  • Each category includes its own corresponding safety equipment that will be described below.
  • Eye and Face Protection Eye protection is achieved by wearing eyewear specifically designed to reduce the risk of exposure to chemical splashes, laser radiation, and/or flying debris.
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There are four primary types of eye protection — of which each has its own limitations — including general safety glasses, laser safety glasses, chemical splash goggles and impact goggles. Full face protection is achieved by wearing face shields.

Type Use
General safety glasses
  • Must have side shields, or a one-piece lens that wraps around the temple.
  • Are the minimum level of eye protection that must be worn in the laboratory.
  • Are not effective in protecting the eyes from splashes, and are only recommended for use with solutions that are not likely to damage the eye, such as some buffers and salts.
Laser safety glasses
  • Selection is based on the laser wavelength and power.
  • Protective properties can be found printed on the eyewear.
  • Are not as effective as laser safety goggles at filtering all light entering the eyes.
  • EH&S does not provide laser safety glasses or goggles for use in the laboratory, but will assist in selecting the correct laser safety goggles or glasses for your application, which can be purchased by the PI as needed.
Chemical splash goggles
  • Are recommended any time a splash of chemicals or infectious substances could reach the eyes.
  • Can act as impact goggles to prevent flying debris from reaching the eyes.
  • May be purchased from the campus bookstore or obtained from EH&S in accordance with LHAT recommendations.
Impact goggles
  • Offer protection from flying debris only.
  • Often have ventilation holes on the sides that render the user susceptible to chemical splashes and dust or small debris.
  • EH&S does not offer impact goggles, but chemical splash goggles can often be used in substitution. Feel free to contact EH&S with any questions regarding this substitution.
Face shields
  • Required when splashes from chemicals that can cause immediate skin damage are handled (e.g. working with concentrated acids, dispensing liquid nitrogen, sonicating tissue samples, etc.).
  • Shall be worn in conjunction with chemical splash goggles. Respiratory protective equipment might be required, depending on the task; contact EH&S if you have any questions regarding face shield use.
  • All new PIs receive two complimentary face shields from EH&S. Existing PIs received two face shields during the 2013 PPE distribution event. Additional and/or replacement face shields can be purchased by PIs.
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Hand Protection Appropriate selection of gloves is essential to protecting hands. Chemically protective gloves are one of the most important tools to minimize dermal exposures to chemicals in research laboratories. Gloves should only be used under the specific conditions for which they are designed, as no glove is impervious to all chemicals.

Type Use
Light latex, vinyl or nitrile gloves Disposable latex (powdered or unpowdered) Working with biological hazards (human blood, body fluids, tissues, bloodborne pathogens, specimens), BSL1, BSL2, BSL2+, BSL3
Disposable nitrile (puncture and abrasion resistant, protection from splash hazards) Working with biological hazards and chemical splash hazards
Disposable vinyl (economical, durable, similar to latex) Working with biological hazards, BSL1, BSL2, BSL2+, BSL3
Light chemical resistant gloves Natural rubber latex (chemical resistant, liquid-proof) Working with small volumes of corrosive liquids, organic solvents, flammable compounds
Light to heavy chemical resistant gloves Nitrile (chemical resistant, good puncture, cut and abrasion resistance) Using apparatus under pressure, air or water-reactive chemicals
Heavy chemical resistant gloves Butyl (high permeation resistance to most chemicals) Working with large volumes of organic solvents; small to large volumes of dangerous solvents, acutely toxic or hazardous materials
Viton® II (high permeation resistance to most chemicals) Same as butyl gloves, plus hazardous material spills
Silver shield (extra chemical and mechanical protection) Same as butyl and Viton® II gloves, added mechanical protection, hazardous material spills
Insulated gloves Terrycloth autoclave (heat resistant) Working with hot liquids and equipment, open flames, water bath, oil bath
Cryogen (water-resistant or waterproof, protection against ultra-cold temperatures) Handling cryogenic liquids
Wire mesh gloves Wire mesh (cut resistant) Working with live animals and exposed to potential cuts
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Body Protection Lab coats are required for all wet labs. Cotton or cotton/poly blends are sufficient for labs without risk of fire. Nomex coats are required for work with pyrophorics, flammable liquids in quantities of more than 4 liters, or when work involves flammable liquids and an ignition source such as a burner.

Type Use
Traditional (cotton/cotton-polyester blend – protects skin and clothing from dirt, inks, non-hazardous chemicals) General use; chemical, biological, radiation, and physical hazards
Flame resistant (e.g. Nomex or other flame-resistant cotton — resists ignition) Working with water or air reactive chemicals, large volumes of organic solvents, and potentially explosive chemicals
Barrier (predominantly polyester — offers splash protection, not flame resistant) Working with infectious materials
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Respiratory Protection Program Procedures Respiratory protective equipment is only used as a “last line of defense,” and as a result, requires individual assessment and training by EH&S personnel. Proper fitting and use is key to respirator efficacy, so EH&S requires all individuals who believe one or more of their job tasks require respiratory protective equipment to contact EH&S.

  1. A workplace hazard assessment will be performed to determine if the task requires respiratory protective equipment.
    • If the task does not require respiratory equipment but the employee wishes to use such equipment, he or she must complete Appendix D of the Respiratory Protective Equipment Manual and return the bottom portion of the form to EH&S. This form provides information in accordance with OSHA Sec.1910.134 regarding voluntary use of respirators when not required under the standard.
  2. If respiratory protective equipment is necessary, the employee will be given a medical evaluation questionnaire to fill out as well as a supplement to the medical questionnaire that outlines the findings of the hazard assessment conducted by EH&S. Both forms should be taken to a contract physician or licensed health care professional (PLHCP) who will perform a confidential medical evaluation to determine the employee’s fitness to wear a respirator.
  3. When the employee is approved to wear a respirator for the job task(s) outlined in the hazard assessment, the appropriate respirator will be selected and the employee will be fit-tested following CAL/OSHA’s accepted fit-testing protocol, Fit-testing assures the selected respirator is worn correctly to allow proper performance.
  4. During fit-testing, the employee receives training on the appropriate method(s) to store, handle and sanitize the respirator.
  5. Once initial fitting and training are completed, the employee must enroll in and attend yearly training conducted by EH&S through the UC Learning Center, Employees will be authorized to register for the “Basic Respiratory Protection” course to fulfill the annual training requirement.
Type Use
Surgical masks Protect against large droplets and splashes ( does not require fit-testing ) Working with live animals; working with infectious material in BSL-2+ level labs but only protects your sample from you, not the other way around.
N-95 respirators Protects against dust, fumes, mists, microorganisms ( requires fit-testing ) Working with live animals or infectious materials in BSL-2 level labs with known airborne transmissible disease (e.g. tuberculosis, also required for influenza (flu)); dusty environments
Half-mask respirators Purifies air: protects against a variety of particulates, vapors, dust, mists, fumes; depends on filter cartridge used ( requires fit-testing ) Working with live animals or infectious materials with known airborne transmissible disease; dusty environments; chemical vapors; particulates
Full-face respirators Same as half-mask, with greater protection factor; eye, mucus membranes, and face protection; depends on filter cartridge used ( requires fit-testing ) Working with live animals or infectious materials with known airborne transmissible disease; dusty environments; chemical vapors; particulates
Respirator cartridges For use in half-mask respirators and full-face respirators
  • P-100: for dust only
  • Organic Vapor (OV): for fumes of organic solvents only
  • Acid Gas: vapors of hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, etc
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Hearing Protection All laboratory personnel shall contact EH&S to request noise monitoring in their laboratory settings to perform noise monitoring and advise on the specific use of hearing protectors. Laboratory workers whose eight-hour time-weighted average noise exposure exceeds the 85 dBA Action Level will be enrolled in the UC Merced Hearing Conservation Program.

Disposable earplugs Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyurethane foam, one-time use design (no cleaning), one size fits all, lightweight, low cost, blocks all sound. Useful when working in areas where sound levels average over 85 dBa; EH&S can assist in assessments
Reusable earplugs Silicone tapered fit, reusable (needs cleaning), corded or uncorded, lightweight, more durable than disposable earplugs. Useful when working in areas where sound levels average over 85 dBa ; EH&S can assist in assessments
Hearing band Earplugs connected to a flexible band that can be worn around the neck when not needed. Useful when working in areas where sound levels average over 85 dBa ; EH&S can assist in assessments
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Why are safety devices used?

5 Reasons Why Safety Equipment is So Important

  • Building and construction are high-risk industries, and any project in these lines of work requires proper safety equipment.
  • Whether you’re a sole trader or a project manager, you need to make sure that you have proper safety equipment onsite for you and your workers.
  • Here’s why:
  1. Protect your health
    1. The main reason why you and your workers always need proper safety equipment onsite is to protect your health and well-being.
    2. It’s that simple.
    3. Safety equipment is designed to help you and your workers avoid getting hurt on the job, or at least minimise the physical effects of an accident or workplace incident if it occurs.
    4. Without proper safety equipment, you and your workers significantly increase your risk of getting hurt.
  2. Improve productivity The right safety equipment doesn’t just protect your health and well-being; they also help you do your job better and faster. This is particularly true if you’re doing high-risk tasks and activities (e.g. handling sharp tools and equipment, carrying heavy materials, etc.). With proper safety equipment, you can increase your productivity and work more efficiently onsite.
  3. Comply with Workplace Health & Safety Workplace Health & Safety (WH&S) regulations are in place for most types of workplaces in Australia, and the building and construction industries are no exceptions. In fact, the building and construction industries have perhaps among the strictest WH&S guidelines out there. All worksites will have specific WH&S regulation that you and your workers will need to comply with to do your job. If you don’t meet these requirements, then you could face costly penalties from regulatory bodies. This requirement is designed to keep everyone onsite safer and protect yourselves if any accident or health-related incident happens.
  4. Reduced risk and liability Getting hurt on the job can be very expensive, whether you’re working alone or managing an entire team of workers. If you or any of your workers get hurt on the job without proper safety equipment, then you or your company could face substantial penalties and liabilities. And in most cases, the total cost of these penalties and liabilities is simply not worth the risk of working without proper safety equipment.
  5. Happier workers Safe and well-protected workers are happier workers. No one wants to do a job knowing that their health and well-being are in danger. By having proper safety equipment available for you and your workers at all times, your workers won’t have to worry as much about their health and well-being. This can help them do their jobs to their full abilities.

What are safety devices or guards?

Guards – these are physical barriers that prevent contact. They can be fixed, interlocked, adjustable, or self-adjusting. Devices – these limit or prevent access to the hazardous area. These can be presence-sensing devices, pullback or restraint straps, safety trip controls, two-hand controls, or gates.

What are the 6 personal protective equipment used for mooring?

SAFETY GUIDE FOR MOORING PRACTICE OF OFFSHORE VESSELS – Zamakona Yards The has published a safety guidelines for when docks in port and harbours, Ship enter and leave ports regularly. Tying up a ship when alongside a berth or another vessel is potentially a very hazardous operation unless simple and effective safety procedures are followed.

  1. Mooring accidents are always on the list of personal injury accidents, often resulting in severe injuries or even fatalities.
  2. These are very simple guidelines marked by common sense, but that it can save of serious accidents and even human lives.
  3. For the mooring safety, the people involved in the operation has to have in mind several factors,

We are going to look at these factors, according the Safety Guide of IMCA ( IMCA M 214 ). Planning the Operation The key to safe and effective mooring operations is planning and ensuring that appropiate are followed. A mooring operation risk assessment should always be carried out.

Suitable controls and procedures should be in place to minimise the risks identified for this operation. The use of tollbox talks to discuss the operation and the hazards involved is an effective way to help reduce accidents. It may seem like an unnecessary task to undertake, as mooring is a routine operation that most crew are very familiar with.

However, this is the danger, as familiarity and complacency can lead to a mistake and an accident. Who is in Charge? The person in charge or directing the mooring operation at each mooring station on deck should be easily identifiable and heard clearly by the rest of the mooring team.

  • Consideration should be given to issuing the person in charge with a different coloured high visibility vest and/or a different coloured safety helmet.
  • Occasionally the Master issues instructions from the bridge to a dedicated person in charge at each mooring station.
  • The change out of mooring operation personnel, for example, due to shift change, should be avoided until the mooring operation is complete.

Communication Communication between the mooring team is a key part of mooring procedures. VHF, talk back systems, hand signals and verbal communication are normally used. Be aware of any language barriers which can lead to miscommunication and an unintended action that may result in an accident.

  1. Always ensure that emergency signals and procedures are understood and well-practiced.
  2. Ensure that after an instruction has been given or received it is repeated back to confirm it has been fully understood.
  3. Training should be carried out in these procedures.
  4. Personal Protective Equipment The mooring team should always be wearing the proper personal protective equipment (PPE).

This should be verified by the team leader/person in charge. If the incorrect PPE is worn then the person should not be allowed to take part in the mooring operation until correctly attired. Typical PPE consits of the following items: coverall; safey boots; safety helmet; high visibility vest; gloves and buoyancy vest if working near shipside or quayside.

  1. Danger Zones Be aware of snap back zones and potential pinch points.
  2. The use of deck markings can greatly assist in the identification of these zones.
  3. Try to use common sense during mooring operations and if you can see a dangeorus situation developing make sure that the stop signal is given.
  4. It is better to be safe than to ignore a dangerous situation.

Do not forget that your view of the mooring operation may be different to that of others and you may be the only person who sees the development of a dangerous situation. Ensure all crew that carry out mooring operations are trained in the identification and understanding of snap back zones.

  • Condition of Mooring Lines Mooring lines should always be examined regularly for damage and records maintained.
  • If in doubt over the condition of a mooring line, ensure that it is inspected by a competent person.
  • When handling mooring lines particular attention should be paid to signs of fraying, any damage and signs of corrosion.

Hazards The following are known to have caused personal injury whilst mooring:

Oil – slipping on oil from mooring equipment. Ensure that the equipment is well maintained and that working decks are coated with an appropiate anti-slip coating Ice – even though the deck may be coated in an anti-slip coating, a layer of ice may be present that introduces a slip hazard. Ensure when mooring in cold water that the risk assessment includes snow or ice risks. Ship side – be aware of leaning on or over ship side handrails or bulwarks. Personnel have fallen over the ship side during mooring operations. Lighting – inadequate lighting during mooring operations can cause accidents. Ensure that all working areas are adequately iluminated and that no shadows are cast from lighting that may hide potential hazards. Elevated winch gratings – make sure that all gratings and supports are in good condition. Ensure that any steps for access to and from them are also inspected for signs or corrosion/damage.

Environmental Conditions Poor weather can have a big impact on mooring operation safety as follows:

Ice – the formation of ice and snow can cause skin abrasions or cuts and will reduce the mobility of the affected person. Wind, currents and tides – any of these can affect the movement of the ship. Excessive strain can be put on mooring lines and this may cause them to break. Pay particular attention to the snap back zones and vessel movement during mooring operations in these conditions. Gusting wind can also knock a person off balance. Fog – this reduces visibility and may make visual communication difficult with the persons ashore or on another vessel. Ensure that a good communication link is established and tested before mooring in these conditions. The risk assessment should take into consideration poor visibility. Cold wether clothing – if personnel are inadequately dressed this can have a great impact on concentration and mobility, which in turn may lead to an accident. Always ensure that you are appropiately dressed for the weather conditions.

Vessels Assisting Tugs and small workboats are often used when mooring a vessel. Ensure that good communication between vessels is established and is tested. Remember the possibility of language barriers in these instances. When passing lines from the vessel to the assisting vessel or to the quayside, ensure that the heaving line “” does not include additional weight.

It has been known for steel weights to have been added to these lines to enable them to be thrown further. This practice has been a cause of injury including causing serious head injuries. Quay Access Safe access to and from the vessel to the quay or another vessel may be required if personnel are not available to assist in the mooring operation.

Means of safe access may include a gangway, pilot ladder to tender boat or a basket transfer. In all cases ensure that the equipment used for personnel transfer is well maintained and has a valid test certificate. Do not jump from the vessel to the quay or other vessel or use any other non-approved method other than the aforementioned and always use a buoyancy aid.

  • Lives have been lost through failures to follow safe access procedures.
  • Many people who read this paper will remember some form of mooring incident,
  • Whether it be a near miss or an accident, it should serve as a reminder that mooring and casting off a vessel is a potentially hazardous operation that should always be well planned by way of risk assessments and comprehensive procedures.

The maintenance of all ship´s equipment is important, but it appears that mooring equipment can sometimes be forgotten about. Look after all your mooring equipment and procedures, it should contribute to a safer operation. Remember: safety is first. : SAFETY GUIDE FOR MOORING PRACTICE OF OFFSHORE VESSELS – Zamakona Yards

What are marine equipments?

Marine equipment means any item used or intended for use in conjunction with boats or water related activities, including but not limited to swimming rafts, docks, hoists, dock supports, buoys, outboard motors, ores, boat trailers, sails, rope, masts, anchors, and any other stationary or movable structure intended to

What PPE is used in ships?

Personal protective equipment is a common name for respiratory protection, eye protection, gloves, special working clothes (e.g. protective clothing, thermal suits, and waterproof clothes), ear protectors, different forms of safety shoes or rubber boots (protection footwear), safety helmets, protection against falls

What is 5 point PPE?

5 point PPE PPE is vital within any site environment, in order to ensure that your workforce are adequately equipped to carry out their work safely and to ensure that they are fully protected from potential safety hazards. A contractor has a legal obligation to demonstrate a duty of care towards its workforce.

A number of sites require a five point PPE uniform, which must be worn at all times, in order to comply with safety requirements.

The five points are:

Hard hat (to include a chin strap when working from height or in windy conditions);High visibility vest;Steel toe capped boots;Gloves;Safety goggles.

Some jobs need all 5 types of protective clothing to be worn at all times, demonstrating their respect for the workforce and safety regulations. Second visit Monitor Report, Costain, London, July 2014 Did you find this article helpful? Please rate this article ( 2 votes, average: 4.00 out of 5 ) You need to be a registered member to rate this. Loading. : 5 point PPE

What is PPE at least 4 examples?

Personal protective equipment (PPE) Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is any clothing or equipment a worker uses for protection. It includes equipment such as goggles, ear plugs, respirators, safety harnesses, safety shoes, hard hats and sunscreen.

  1. PPE can be useful, but it is also one of the least effective ways of controlling safety problems.
  2. It works best when used with other control measures – or when absolutely no other safety measures are available.
  3. There are about using appropriate PPE in the workplace.
  4. Employers/PCBU must provide PPE to workers and must not charge anyone for using the equipment.

If contractors do not have PPE, it needs to be issued by the employer/PCBU. Consult with your workers when selecting PPE, and show them how to use it. PPE needs to be:

suitable for the nature of the worka proper size and fit for the personproperly stored and maintained.

: Personal protective equipment (PPE)

What is PPE at least 4 examples?

Personal protective equipment (PPE) Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is any clothing or equipment a worker uses for protection. It includes equipment such as goggles, ear plugs, respirators, safety harnesses, safety shoes, hard hats and sunscreen.

PPE can be useful, but it is also one of the least effective ways of controlling safety problems. It works best when used with other control measures – or when absolutely no other safety measures are available. There are about using appropriate PPE in the workplace. Employers/PCBU must provide PPE to workers and must not charge anyone for using the equipment.

If contractors do not have PPE, it needs to be issued by the employer/PCBU. Consult with your workers when selecting PPE, and show them how to use it. PPE needs to be:

suitable for the nature of the worka proper size and fit for the personproperly stored and maintained.

: Personal protective equipment (PPE)