What three elements influence safety?
Getting to Know the Three E’s of Safety by: Carl and Deb Potter (This article originally ran in the November 2010 Issue of OSP Magazine) What you don’t know can get you hurt, and what you think you know can get you hurt as well. When it comes to safety the person who is at risk for injury must be aware of the hazard and what can be done to control the hazard and prevent injury.
What is safety factor of 4?
When designing lifting or handling equipment such as forklifts and telehandlers, most design engineers would look to comply with the specific standard for the machine they are designing. For any machine sold in Europe, that’s the Machinery Directive – Directive 2006/42/EC – a standard that is intended to ensure common levels of safety in machinery that is used throughout Europe.
- In the section covering leaf chain, the Machinery Directive states that the minimum safety factor when lifting a weight should be 4:1.
- In other words, the leaf chain should be able to lift four times the maximum weight it will be lifting in its working life.
- This would result in a leaf chain that operates at 25% of its ultimate tensile strength.
If we look to Industrial trucks standards ISO 3691 and BS EN 16307, they state that the minimum safety factor when lifting a weight should be 5:1. This would give you a leaf chain that operates at 20% of its ultimate tensile strength. The main standard for telehandlers, BS EN 1459 and boomed access platforms BS EN 280, also allows (under certain conditions) 5:1, or 20% of a leaf chain’s ultimate tensile strength.
What are indicators of safety?
How to Combine Leading and Lagging Indicators for Better Safety Outcomes – Here are some practical tips and steps to help you combine leading and lagging indicators for better safety outcomes:
Start with your strategic objectives and identify the lagging indicators that measure your desired results. For example, if your objective is to reduce the number of lost-time injuries, your lagging indicator could be the lost-time injury frequency rate (LTIFR).Identify the leading indicators that influence your lagging indicators and track them on a regular basis. For example, if you want to reduce the LTIFR, some leading indicators could be the number of safety inspections, audits, observations, training sessions, or corrective actions.Use a balanced scorecard or a dashboard to monitor both leading and lagging indicators and visualize their trends and relationships. For example, you could use a tool like Geckoboard 1 or Safesite 2 to create a custom dashboard that shows your key safety metrics and alerts you of any issues or opportunities.Analyze the data from both leading and lagging indicators and look for patterns, correlations, or gaps. For example, you could use a tool like Excel or Tableau to perform statistical analysis and create charts or graphs that show how your leading indicators affect your lagging indicators.Take action based on the insights from your data analysis and adjust your processes or strategies accordingly. For example, if you find that a certain leading indicator has a strong positive impact on your lagging indicator, you could invest more resources or time in improving that indicator. Conversely, if you find that a leading indicator has no negative impact on your lagging indicator, you could revise or eliminate that indicator.Review and update your leading and lagging indicators periodically and make sure they are aligned with your objectives and relevant to your context. For example, you could review your indicators quarterly or annually and check if they are still valid, reliable, actionable, and timely.
By following these tips and steps, you can use both leading and lagging indicators to measure and improve your safety performance and culture. You can also use this approach for other aspects of your business, such as quality, productivity, customer satisfaction, or employee engagement.
What is factor safety ratio?
The Factor of Safety is defined as the ratio of ultimate to working stress. The ratio of the resisting force to the force that causes failure may also be used to determine the factor of safety. A greater factor of safety suggests the design is more conservative but comes at the expense of the economy. On the other side, a lower factor of safety raises the risk factor.
What are the 4 factors of health?
Health risk factors are attributes, characteristics or exposures that increase the likelihood of a person for developing a disease or health disorder. Included here are four types of health factors: health behaviors, clinical care, social and economic, and physical environment factors.
Health behaviors include actions, practices, or habits that have an impact on health. Health risk behaviors including lack of physical activity, poor nutrition, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol consumption—are considered contributors in some way to illness and death from chronic disease. Seven out of 10 deaths among Americans each year are from chronic diseases.
Heart disease, cancer, and stroke account for more than 50% of all deaths each year. A new CDC report finds that people can live longer if they practice one or more healthy lifestyle behaviors— not smoking, eating a healthy diet, getting regular physical activity, and limiting alcohol consumption.
- Not smoking provides the most protection from dying early from all causes.
- People who engaged in all four healthy behaviors were 66 percent less likely to die early from cancer, 65 percent less likely to die early from cardiovascular disease, and 57 percent less likely to die early from other causes, compared to people who did not engage in any of the healthy behaviors.
To explore health factors data, click here,
What are the 4 key factors of health status?
Determinants of Health – Determinants of health may be biological, behavioral, sociocultural, economic, and ecological. Broadly, the determinants of health can be divided into four, core categories: nutrition, lifestyle, environment, and genetics, which are like four pillars of the foundation. Figure 3.3, Determinants of health: Nutrition, lifestyle, environment, and genetics are considered as core determinants and four pillars of health. When any one or more of these is compromised, health is at risk and medical care is required as a support system.
- Interestingly, two determinants, nutrition and lifestyle, are totally in our hands, and hence are called modifiable factors.
- Many diseases are caused by bad practices of nutrition and lifestyle.
- The degraded ecosystem, and environmental pollution are the causes of several disorders and diseases.
- With the help of powerful technology and screening methods, many disorders of genetic origin can be prevented.
If one or more core determinants become weak, then only the support of medical care is needed. Over 75% or more of the resources allocated in health care budgets, especially from rich countries, are used for the treatment of lifestyle-related conditions.
- There is a growing consensus that lifestyle modifications should be the foundation of any health care system.
- According to the American College of Lifestyle Medicine, nearly 80% of all chronic diseases are preventable by readily available means—lifestyle modification as medicine.
- People should be empowered to “take their health into their own hands” through lifestyle modifications.
This will drastically reduce dependence on doctors. Traditional knowledge can be immensely useful to design appropriate lifestyle interventions. For instance, Swasthavritta, a branch of Ayurveda is dedicated totally to healthy lifestyle. Swasthavritta dictates do’s and don’ts for a healthy daily regimen, and outlines diet and lifestyle modifications appropriate to different seasons.
Swasthavritta, and biobehavioral practices suggested by Yoga are very useful sources for lifestyle medicine. Nutrition is another important determinant. It has individual, family, and community dimensions. The East/West, and rural/urban regions have remarkably different challenges related to nutrition.
Generally, at one end of the spectrum, in Western and/or urban spheres, there is less physical activity, calorie overload, but poor nutrition mainly due to junk food consumption. At the other end of the spectrum, in the East and/or rural spheres, there is calorie deficiency, protein malnutrition, and undernourishment.
The lower socioeconomic communities may have a greater incidence of premature and low birth weight babies, higher risk of heart disease, stroke, and some cancers. Poor people living in urban areas may have a diet consisting of cheap energy mainly from sugar-rich foods, with little intake of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
They have relatively less physical activity. On the other hand, poor communities from rural areas might have intense physical activities, but not sufficient energy and protein. In general, urban communities face problems related to environmental degradation, and air and water pollution; rural communities face problems related to sanitation, hygiene, insecticides, pesticides, and agrochemicals.
- Thus, the poor are most likely to suffer because of the interplay of the deranged determinants of health.
- In the interconnected, borderless world, determinants of health cannot be considered in isolation.
- They will always be interdependent.
- The substantial health inequity in different parts of the world is today’s reality.
This inequality of health is due to inequalities in income, education, gender, and availability of resources. Read full chapter URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128012826000036