What Is 3-Point Contact On Ladder Safety
To use ladders safely, always maintain three points of contact. That means two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand on the ladder at all times.

What is 3-point contact in safety?

Three points of contact rule – The three points of contact rule is simple. When climbing or descending ladders, trucks and equipment, always maintain contact with one hand and two feet, or two hands and one foot. If you maintain three points of contact while you climb, you can limit your exposure to slips and falls.

What is the difference between 3 points of contact and 3 points of control?

Three-point control vs. three-point contact A top cause of death amongst workers is falls from elevation, of which a third are from ladders. Some of these fatalities simply with the implementation of the three-point control technique. In addition to proper use of horizontal grab bars and the existing horizontal rungs, construction workers should be to use the three-point control technique.

This technique requires that the worker use three limbs for reliability and stable support, as well as gripping a horizontal support using a horizontal power grip. The worker uses his or her hands to grab and hold an adequate support so that one hand is responsible for holding the climber’s body weight in case of an emergency.

This grip has been proven by research to be more effective in preventing a fall than holding onto a vertical side object. Differing from three-point control, three-point contact requires three points of support without specific body parts or a designated ladder or other structure.

  1. The sizes and shapes of the ladder’s components are irrelevant, unlike the three-point control technique.
  2. If construction workers are properly trained in the use of horizontal grab bars and the three-point control technique, the number of fall related fatalities has the chance to be minimized.
  3. Source: Nigel Ellis, : Three-point control vs.

three-point contact

What is the 3 1 rule on a ladder?

Three Points-of-Contact – The way you climb or descend a ladder makes a difference in reducing the risk in falls. The 3 points-of-contact is a method where the climber faces the center of the ladder and has either two hands and one foot, or one hand and two feet on the ladder at all times. This provides a safe stance in the case one limb loses contact with the ladder.

How many points of contact should you maintain while on a ladder?

Safe use – When using a ladder:

only one person should be on a ladder at any given timemaintain three points of contact (e.g. two feet and one hand, or two hands and one foot) with the ladder at all timesalways climb and descend facing the ladderdo not carry anything when climbing or descendingkeep your body centred between the sides of the ladderdo not lean sideways or over-reachdo not stand above the tread or rung on the ladder indicated as the maximum safe working heightonly conduct light work from a ladderuse a non-conductive, insulated ladder for electrical work or near electrical hazardscheck any older steel-tubing ladders for suitability to the task.

What is the 3 step safety model?

Electrical Safety: Safety & Health for Electrical Trades (Student Manual) Student manual on electrical safety with information on recognizing, evaluating and avoiding hazards related to electricity. January 2002 What Must Be Done to Be Safe? Use the three-stage safety model: recognize, evaluate, and control hazards.

  • To be safe, you must think about your job and plan for hazards.
  • To avoid injury or death, you must understand and recognize hazards.
  • You need to evaluate the situation you are in and assess your risks.
  • You need to control hazards by creating a safe work environment, by using safe work practices, and by reporting hazards to a supervisor or teacher.

If you do not recognize, evaluate, and control hazards, you may be injured or killed by the electricity itself, electrical fires, or falls. If you use the safety model to recognize, evaluate, and control hazards, you are much safer.

Report hazards to your supervisor or teacher.

1) Recognize hazards The first part of the safety model is recognizing the hazards around you. Only then can you avoid or control the hazards. It is best to discuss and plan hazard recognition tasks with your co-workers. Sometimes we take risks ourselves, but when we are responsible for others, we are more careful.

Sometimes others see hazards that we overlook. Of course, it is possible to be talked out of our concerns by someone who is reckless or dangerous. Don’t take a chance. Careful planning of safety procedures reduces the risk of injury. Decisions to lock out and tag out circuits and equipment need to be made during this part of the safety model.

Plans for action must be made now.

Use the safety model to recognize, evaluate, and control hazards.
Identify electrical hazards.
Don’t listen to reckless, dangerous people.


OSHA regulations, the NEC, and the National Electrical Safety Code (NESC) provide a wide range of safety information. Although these sources may be difficult to read and understand at first, with practice they can become very useful tools to help you recognize unsafe conditions and practices. Knowledge of OSHA standards is an important part of training for electrical apprentices. See the Appendix for a list of relevant standards.


Always lock out and tag out circuits.

2) Evaluate hazards When evaluating hazards, it is best to identify all possible hazards first, then evaluate the risk of injury from each hazard. Do not assume the risk is low until you evaluate the hazard. It is dangerous to overlook hazards. Job sites are especially dangerous because they are always changing.

Many people are working at different tasks. Job sites are frequently exposed to bad weather. A reasonable place to work on a bright, sunny day might be very hazardous in the rain. The risks in your work environment need to be evaluated all the time. Then, whatever hazards are present need to be controlled.

(3) Control hazards Once electrical hazards have been recognized and evaluated, they must be controlled. You control electrical hazards in two main ways: (1) create a safe work environment and (2) use safe work practices. Controlling electrical hazards (as well as other hazards) reduces the risk of injury or death.

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Take steps to control hazards: Create a safe workplace. Work safely


Use the safety model to recognize, evaluate, and control workplace hazards like those in this picture.

The three stages of the safety model are •••

Stage 1— Recognize hazards Stage 2— Evaluate hazards Stage 3— Control hazards

: Electrical Safety: Safety & Health for Electrical Trades (Student Manual)

What are the 3 critical elements of safety?

The Safety and Health Programs Step-by-Step Guide is under development. The primary purpose of this field test is to obtain feedback on usefulness and how the worksheets can be improved. The content has not been fully reviewed or approved by OSHA and is subject to change.

  1. These resources support the OSHA Recommended Practices for Safety and Health Programs and are actionable tools for employers to use in their workplaces.
  2. The Recommended Practices break down the components of a safety and health program into core elements.
  3. The worksheets will provide context for each core element, followed by an activity with action steps to help employers tailor the content and advance their safety and health program.

OSHA has developed the following worksheets as a tool for employers who want to start or improve a safety and health program in their workplace. The worksheets provide a step-by-step guide that organizations can use to move at their own pace and work on what matters most to them as they implement their program.

The worksheets are currently set in order of the seven elements contained in OSHA’s Recommended Practices for Safety and Health Programs, but do not necessarily have to be completed in the order set forth below. OSHA believes a safety and health program must have the three basic elements of management leadership, worker participation, and a systematic approach to finding and fixing hazards to be effective.

These worksheets are for starting or improving a basic safety and health program. More advanced worksheets are under development and will be released at a later date. Sign up to receive updates on these worksheets and related materials.

What is the 3 point contact on a forklift?

Use the correct procedure when mounting or dismounting a vehicle or forklift, you must have three points of contact – either two feet and one hand, or two hands and one foot and must be facing the lift truck. –

Avoid Dismounting the vehicle when in motion. Only dismount when it has come to a complete stop. Avoid Jumping from the vehicle which can cause an unbalanced landing or a fall. Avoid wearing loose clothing as it can catch on equipment

What does the 3 point contact rule say you should keep at least 3 points of contact on the ladder at all times?


Don’t ever jump off a truck — landing exerts 12 times your body weight on your joints. Don’t carry items in your free hand, Don’t use tires or wheel hubs as a step surface. Never use the door frame or door edge as a handhold.

Similarly, when climbing a ladder or stairs, it is safest to use the three points of contact because it minimizes the chances of slipping and falling. At all times during ascent, descent, and working, ensure you have two hands and one foot, or two feet and one hand in contact with the ladder or side rails.

What is the rule of 4 ladder?

Ladder Safety

  • Environmental Health & Safety
  • Ladder Safety Self – Study Unit

The chief hazard when using a ladder is falling. A poorly designed, maintained, or improperly used ladder may collapse under the load placed upon it and cause the employee to fall. A ladder is an appliance consisting of two side rails joined at regular intervals by crosspieces on which a person may step to ascend or descend.

  1. VARIOUS TYPES OF PORTABLE LADDERS Stepladder – A self-supporting portable ladder, non-adjustable in length, having flat steps and hinged back.
  2. Single Ladder – A non self-supporting portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, consisting of but one section.
  3. Its size is designed by overall length of the side rail.

Extension Ladder – A non self-supporting portable ladder adjustable in length. OSHA’S REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE LADDERS

  1. Portable stepladders longer than 20 feet shall not be used.
  2. Stepladders shall be equipped with a metal spreader or locking device of sufficient size and strength to securely hold the front and back sections in open position.
  3. Single ladders longer than 30 feet shall not be used.
  4. Extension ladders longer than 60 feet shall not be used.
  5. Ladders shall be maintained in good condition at all times.
  6. Ladders shall be inspected frequently and those which have developed defects shall be tagged or marked (Dangerous, Do Not Use) and removed from service for repair or destruction.

Proper use of ladders is essential in preventing accidents. Even a good ladder can be a serious safety hazard when used by workers in a dangerous way. OSHA standards require the following safety precautions for ladder use:

Ladders shall be placed with a secure footing, even surface when possible, or they shall be tied off at the top, middle, and bottom to prevent slipping.

Ladders used to gain access to the roof or other area shall extend at least three feet above the roof it provides a point of support when stepping on the roof.

The foot of a ladder shall have a horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder one-quarter of the working length of the ladder. Divide the length of the building from the ground to the top support by four. If the top of the ladder is at sixteen (16) feet, and the ladder extends to twenty (20) feet, the base should be four (4) feet from the building. The base of the ladder should be placed so that it is one foot away from the building for every four feet of hight to where the ladder rests against the building. This is known as the 4 to 1 rule,

The worker shall always face the ladder when climbing up or down.

Short ladders shall not be spliced together to make long ladders.

Ladders shall never be used in the horizontal position as scaffolds or work platforms.

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The top of a regular stepladder shall not be used as a step.

Use both hands when climbing or descending ladders.

Metal ladders shall never be used near electrical equipment.

We would like to assess your learning and also document your participation in this self study. To do this, we have provided a short multiple choice test. To take this test, you may click on the highlighted now. : Ladder Safety

What is the 6 foot ladder rule?

May 21, 2003 Ms. Deborah Caldwell 5071 Butler Rd. Caldwell Electrical Contractors Gainesville, Georgia 30506 Re: Ladders; fall protection; working on top of equipment. Dear Ms. Caldwell: This is in response to your letter of November 22, 2002, in which you ask for guidance regarding OSHA’s fall protection requirements for construction work.

We apologize for the delay in providing this response. We have paraphrased your question as follows: Question: Scenario: to complete a construction project, a worker places a portable ladder on top of a piece of equipment or on the roof of a structure that is inside a large building. The top of the equipment or structure is at least 10′ x 10′ and at least 10′ above the ground.

It is stable, level, and sufficiently strong to support the loads imposed by the worker, materials, and tools needed for the job. The worker will then do the construction task while on the ladder. Is fall protection required for this worker? Answer We will answer your question in two parts: first, with respect to whether fall protection is required for a worker while on the surfaces you describe; second, with respect to whether fall protection is required while the worker is on the ladder.29 CFR Part 1926 Subpart M (Fall protection) contains fall protection requirements for protecting an employee working on “walking/working surface” (§1926.501(b)(1)).

A walking/working surface is defined in §1926.500(b) as follows: Any surface, whether horizontal or vertical on which an employee walks or works, including, but not limited to, floors, roofs, ramps, bridges, runways, formwork and concrete reinforcing steel but not ladders, vehicles or trailers on which employees must be located in order to perform their duties.

The 10′ x 10′ top surface of the equipment and the roof the structure that is inside the large building both meet this definition and would be considered a walking/working surface. The requirements of Subpart M would apply to a worker who is on those surfaces.

Section 1926.501(b)(1) states: Unprotected sides and edges, Each employee on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with an unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems.

Since these surfaces are at or over 6 feet above the next lowest level, fall protection is required while the worker is on those surfaces. Fall protection can be accomplished by using guardrails, a personal fall arrest system, a fall restraint device, or safety net system.

  • However, with respect to fall protection requirements for a worker on the ladder, §1926.500(a)(2)(vii) states: Requirements relating to fall protection for employees working on stairways and ladders are provided in Subpart X.
  • Subpart X (29 CFR 1926.1050 et seq.) does not require fall protection for a worker on a portable ladder.

Therefore, no additional fall protection is required while the worker is on the ladder. The fact that the ladder is on either of the surfaces you describe, rather than on the ground, does not alter this conclusion. Recommendation Although not an OSHA requirement, we recommend the use of a scaffold, scissor lift, or aerial device instead of a ladder in the scenario you describe, where practicable.

  1. If you have further concerns or questions, please feel free to contact us again by fax at: U.S.
  2. Department of Labor, OSHA, Directorate of Construction,, fax # 202-693-1689.
  3. You can also contact us by mail at the above office, Room N3468, 200 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C.20210, although there will be a delay in our receiving correspondence by mail.

Sincerely, Russell B. Swanson, Director Directorate of Construction

What is the safest ladder ratio?

Set Up the Ladder Carefully –

Ladders shall not be placed in passageways, doorways, drives, or any locations where they may be pumped or displaced by any other work unless protected by barricades or guards. Ladders shall not be placed in front of a door that opens towards them unless the door is blocked, locked, or guarded. Portable ladders used as temporary access shall extend at least 3 feet above the upper landing surface. All portable ladders shall be of sufficient length and shall be placed so that workers will not stretch or assume a hazardous position. Follow the 4 to 1 ratio ladder rule: set the base 1 foot out from the wall for every 4 feet it reaches up. This can be estimated by counting rungs, which are about one foot apart. Ensure latches (or locks) are in place and holding to prevent overloading a rail. Open stepladders fully; never use a folding ladder in an unfolded position. Ladders shall not be moved, shifted, or extended while occupied.

What is the 3 point contact rule when using stairs?

TSR2G0011 This safety training video is available for outright purchase. To find out more, please contact us, This safety training video snippet shows workers using the handrail when using stairs in order to reduce the risk of tripping. Good workplace practices protect people from a variety of possible injuries including injuries caused by tripping.

What is the angle ratio for a ladder?

Ladder Safe Work Practices

    1. Select a ladder that is the proper length for the job.
    2. Ladders may only be used on stable and level surfaces, unless secured to prevent accidental displacement or movement.
    3. Ladders may not be used on slippery surfaces, such as wet concrete floors or muddy ground, unless they are secured or slip-resistant feet provide adequate protection.
    4. Ladders should not be placed in any location where they can be displaced or bumped by workplace activities or traffic, such as passageways, doorways, or driveways. Secure the ladder to prevent such accidents or barricade the area to keep activities and traffic away from the ladder.
    5. The access area around the top and bottom of the ladder must be kept clear of scrap materials and debris.
    6. When ladders are used to access an upper landing surface, such as a roof or mezzanine, the ladder rails must extend at least three feet above the upper landing to provide adequate handholds.
    7. Ladders must be free from oil, grease, mud, and other slippery materials.
    8. Ladders may not be loaded beyond the maximum intended load for which they were built, nor beyond the manufacturer’s rated capacity. Estimate 250 pounds per person, plus any tools, equipment, and materials which will be in use while on the ladder.
    9. Ladders may only be used for the purpose, and in the manner, for which they were designed. For example, most ladders are not designed to be used in a horizontal position (i.e. used as a walkboard or platform). Refer to manufacturer’s instructions for more information.
    10. When climbing up or down the ladder, always face the ladder and maintain at least three points of contact, such as two hand and one foot, or two feet and one hand. Hands should be free for climbing, and not holding tools and materials. Use a rope and bucket to pull items up or or have someone hand them up.
    11. Do not stand on the top two rungs of a stepladder.The stability is decreased when weight is concentrated at the top of the ladder. If a taller or longer ladder is needed to perform the job safely, make arrangements to have it available before work begins.
    12. Metal ladders must never be used near electrical equipment. Fiberglass ladders are designed to provide adequate protection from electrical hazards.
    13. Ladders may not be altered or spliced in any manner.
    14. Ladders may not be moved, shifted, or extended while a person is on the ladder. Climb down, make the adjustment, and climb back up.
    15. Extension ladders must be placed at the proper angle. Use a 4:1 ratio for setting ladders (approximately 75 degrees) – for every four feet in height, the base of the ladder should be moved one foot out from the wall or structure. For example, a 20-foot ladder should be placed about five feet from the base of the wall you will be accessing.
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: Ladder Safe Work Practices

What are the 3 parts of a risk assessment?

In this installment of our Risk Management Basics series, we’re going to take a closer look at risk assessment. In doing so, we’ll break risk assessment down into three separate steps: risk identification, risk analysis, and risk evaluation. We hope this article and our entire Risk Management Basics series will help you gain a better understanding of risk management and help you begin to use risk management techniques at your workplace.

What are the three 3 hazard controls?

They are arranged from the most to least effective and include elimination, substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls and personal protective equipment.

What are the 3 unique components of hazard?

Hazard has three basic components: hazard element (HE), initiating mechanism (IM), target and threat (T/T).

Which three 3 groups are responsible for safety in the workplace?

Main Body Ensuring workplace safety is the shared responsibility of WorkSafeBC, employers, and employees. All three have different roles to play in ensuring workplace safety is a priority.

What is 3 point contact tool box talk?

The Three Point Rule – Falling while getting into or out of heavy equipment, a truck or tractor cab, mounting and dismounting trailers, or while ascending or descending a ladder, is always a way to get seriously hurt. Improper ladder use accounts for one out of every four injuries to people who use ladders, drive trucks or operate equipment as part of their normal job duties.

Even an ankle sprain can play havoc with your ability to perform your job safely and effectively. Minor injuries can cost you big in terms of lost income and downtime. The biggest single cause of falls from a vehicle or ladder is failure to follow the THREE POINT RULE. WHAT CAN YOU DO TO AVOID FALLS? No matter what type of access your vehicle has or what type of ladder you use, use the THREE POINT rule to significantly reduce the chance of a slip or fall.

The THREE POINT rule means three of your four limbs are in contact with the vehicle or ladder at all times — two hands and one foot, or two feet and one hand. The THREE POINT rule allows a person to have maximum stability and support, thereby reducing the likelihood of slipping and falling.

Evaluate every ladder, truck and piece of equipment. Make sure steps, contact surfaces and handholds are in useable conditionUse the points of contact designed by the manufacturer to mount and dismount – steps, running boards, traction strips, footholds, hand grips, etcKeep steps, ladders and standing surfaces free of snow, mud and debris; report any damage immediately so the item can be repaired or replaced as neededAlways face the cab when entering or exiting equipmentAlways face ladders while climbing or descendingWear footwear with good support and slip resistanceBe extra careful when working in inclement weatherGet a firm grip on rails and handles with your handsCarry tools or parts in your tool bags, or use a bucket that can be pulled up with rope once you are in placeLook for obstacles on the ground before exiting equipment


Climb into or out of the cab with something in your hand; leave it on the vehicle floor and retrieve it after getting safely on the groundUse the doorframe or door edge as a handholdUse tires or wheel hubs as a step surface rush to climb out after a long run; Descend slowly, to avoid straining a muscleHurry or skip rungs/stepsJump out of equipment or off of a ladder; you may land off balance or on an uneven surface, and fallCarry parts or tools in your hands while ascending or descending laddersLet your belt buckle pass beyond either ladder side railGrab the top rail of a scissor lift basket and swing out onto the ground

Don’t become an injury statistic! Always use the THREE POINT rule when climbing or descending ladders, trucks and equipment.

What is an example of a point of contact control?

Point of contact examples – Let’s consider who may be a POC in a company: Customer service department. It helps clients solve their problems effectively and promptly. The customer service team handles all complaints and inquiries via various communication channels, such as phone, company website, email, etc.

What does the 3 point contact rule say you should keep at least 3 points of contact on the ladder at all times?


Don’t ever jump off a truck — landing exerts 12 times your body weight on your joints. Don’t carry items in your free hand, Don’t use tires or wheel hubs as a step surface. Never use the door frame or door edge as a handhold.

Similarly, when climbing a ladder or stairs, it is safest to use the three points of contact because it minimizes the chances of slipping and falling. At all times during ascent, descent, and working, ensure you have two hands and one foot, or two feet and one hand in contact with the ladder or side rails.

What is the safety point?

Worth two points, NFL defenses can score a safety by tackling the offensive player who has the football behind his own goal line or by making him run or fumble the ball out bounds behind his own goal line. It is also a safety if the offense commits a penalty in its own end zone.