What Is A Job Safety Analysis

What is the difference between a JSA and a Jha?

JHA and JSA: The Same Thing? Different? Does it Matter? Some say “to-may-toe” and some say “to-mah-toe.” That great divide has given us a catchy tune and an even-greater dance duet with Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire – on roller skates, no less! But the different pronunciations haven’t caused major negative consequences for our society.

  1. No matter how you say it, we all know what you’re talking about.
  2. Recently, I’ve noticed something similar in the EHS world.
  3. There’s no common understanding of what the terms “job hazard analysis” (JHA) and “job safety analysis” (JSA) mean.
  4. Let’s take a look at a few of more-common opinions about how these terms are related, give some thought to the consequences and ask for your thoughts in the comments section below.

Different Names for the Same Thing Many people believe that JHA and JSA are two different names for the same thing. If you’re up on safety issues, you can probably guess this means:

Breaking a job down into the smaller tasks that make up the job. Identifying hazards associated with each task. Ranking the hazards in order of the ones that must be addressed first to ones that can be addressed later (or maybe even not at all). Designing and implementing controls for the hazards.

For people in this camp, the JHA/JSA issue isn’t that big of a deal. There’s a pretty close analogy between this understanding of JHA/JSA and the “to-may-to/to-mah-to” issue we mentioned earlier. Different Phases of the Same Process On the other hand, there’s also a large group of people who believe that the JHA and the JSA are not the same thing.

  1. In my own entirely unscientific poll, it seems there’s a 50/50 split between the “it’s the same thing” camp and those who think they’re different.
  2. Of those who think they’re different, a good number of them believe they’re essentially step 1 and step 2 of a 2-step process.
  3. These people believe that the JHA is used to identify hazards, and that the JSA is then used to control those hazards.

Different Time Sequences for Similar Processes of Different Scales There’s also a second group of people who believe that the JHA and the JSA are different things. These people will tell you that the JHA and the JSA are similar activities, both including the identification and control of hazards, which occur at different time intervals.

According to this view, the JHA occurs less frequently – maybe every year or at a similar time interval – and the JSA is something that happens at the beginning of every day or every work shift. So, the JHA is the “macro” view and the JSA is the “micro” view of the same basic hazard identification and control issues.

Other Dissenting Opinions There are still others who have opinions on this issue that I haven’t summarized above. I can’t do justice to all their views here, though, so if your opinion isn’t captured in the three views above, it would be great if you’d use the comments section below to fill us all in.

  • What Difference Does it Make, or Does It Matter? There we have it – at least three commonly held, yet different, opinions about how the JHA and the JSA are related to one another.
  • Some believe they’re the exact same thing.
  • Others think they’re step 1 and step 2 of the same process.
  • And still others think they’re similar processes that happen at a “macro” and “micro” level.

The obvious next question to ask is, what does it matter? Do the different uses for these terms have a negative effect on safety? Or, does the lack of a consensus understanding of the terms mean we lose some potential positive effect? I’m not sure I know that answer.

It seems logical enough that if the people who work in any given career or industry (such as safety, in this case) use the same terms and define them in the same way, there would be some benefit from increased clarity and a lack of confusion. On the other hand, I can’t give an anecdote or point to statistical evidence that shows the different uses of these terms has a negative effect on safety.

So, here’s my final request to you, reader. Do you have an opinion to share about this JHA/JSA issue? Would be it better if we all shared a common understanding and use of these terms, or are things just fine as they are? And, do you know another term in safety that’s also used in different ways? About the author: Jeff Dalto is the customer education specialist at, a company that provides safety training solutions and other training solutions for industrial and manufacturing companies.

What is the difference between a risk assessment and a JSA?

FAQs About Risk Assessment – What is the difference between Risk Assessment and Job Safety Analysis (JSA)? Risk assessments are often confused with a Job Safety Analysis (JSA) or Job Hazard Analysis (JHA), The key difference between a risk assessment and a JSA is scope.

Risk assessments assess safety hazards across the entire workplace and are oftentimes accompanied with a risk matrix to prioritize hazards and controls. Whereas a JSA focuses on job-specific risks and is typically performed for a single task, assessing each step of the job. What are the 3 main tasks of risk assessment? The three main tasks of risk assessment include identifying the hazards, assessing the risks that come along with them, and placing control measures to either eliminate them totally or at least minimize their impact on the business and its people.

What are the top 5 operational risk categories? The five most common categories of operational risks are people risk, process risk, systems risk, external events risk or external fraud, and legal and compliance risk. Operational risks refer to the probability of issues relating to people, processes, or systems negatively impacting the business’s daily operations.

What is the Job Safety Analysis?

JSA Frequently Asked Questions –

You might be interested:  Which Type Of Safety Sign Indicates What Must Be Done

Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a systematic procedure that breaks each job/task into key training sequences, identifies safety elements of each job/task step and coaches the employee on how to avoid potential safety hazards. Another commonly used term for this process is called a Job Hazard Analysis or JHA. Both a JSA and JHA are considered the same thing.

Ensuring consistent and safe work methods. Reducing injuries by helping employees know how to best perform a task without the likelihood of injury. Provides a form of training documentation regarding the employee’s knowledge of the job safety requirements. Complies with many OSHA requirements.

A job/task has a high injury rate. A job/task has the potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous incidents. An employee has a safety concern about a job. Jobs that are new to your operation or have undergone changes in processes and procedures.

Writing the JSA (with input from those performing the task) Training affected staff at the time of hire, job rotation/transfer, changes in the job/task, or injury Enforcing work rules

Reviewing all JSA’s for their job Wearing all PPE required for the task Following the recommended steps to perform a task in a safe manner

: Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Are Job Safety Analysis required?

Does OSHA Require JHA? – OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.132 requires hazard assessments when determining PPE. Roughly, this means you need to perform a hazard assessment on every job — first to determine whether the worker needs PPE and second to determine the specific PPE requirements.

  • JHAs are a form of hazard assessment, and OSHA doesn’t specifically namecheck the JHA as a mandatory process.
  • In Appendix B of the 1910.132 standard, OSHA provides some non-mandatory guidance for completing hazard assessments.
  • Using a JHA or JSA to identify potential hazards for each work task is recommended.

Bottom Line : No, OSHA does not explicitly require the completion of a JHA for every job. However, completing them does improve compliance and OSHA strongly recommends them because they help you achieve practical safety.

What are examples of a Jha?

Examples of hazards include: working at heights, slippery surfaces, exposed moving machinery parts, fire, explosion, noise, electricity, toxic emissions, corrosive chemicals, low oxygen, repetitive tasks, heavy lifting, infectious Bloodborne pathogens, assault, and homicide.

Are Jha and JSA two different things?

An important tool for identifying and reducing hazards in any industry – What is a job hazard analysis? A job hazard analysis (JHA), also called a job safety analysis (JSA), is a technique to identify the dangers of specific tasks in order to reduce the risk of injury to workers.

  • Instructions for Conducting a Job Hazard Analysis
  • JHA Form
  • Sample JHA for Healthcare and Manufacturing

If you need help doing your JHAs or correcting the problems you find, call SafetyWorks!. We can give you information over the phone or come to your workplace for a free, confidential and friendly consultation, Call 1-877-SAFE-345 (1-877-723-3345). You can also ask a question through Ask the Expert, How do I start?

  1. Involve employees.
    • Discuss what you are going to do and why
    • Explain that you are studying the task, not employee performance
    • Involve the employees in the entire process
  2. Review your company’s accident/injury/illness/near miss history to determine which jobs pose the highest risk to employees.
  3. Identify the OSHA standards that apply to your jobs. Incorporate their requirements into your JHA.
  4. Set priorities.
    • You may want to give priority to:
      • Jobs with the highest injury or illness rates;
      • Jobs where there have been “close calls” – where an incident occurred but no one got hurt;
      • Jobs where you have identified violations of OSHA standards;
      • Jobs with the potential to cause serious injuries or illness, even if there is no history of such problems;
      • Jobs in which one simple human mistake could lead to severe injury;
      • Jobs that are new to your operation of have been changed; and
      • Jobs complex enough to require written instructions.

How do I do it? 1. Break the job task into steps.

  • Watch the worker do the job and list each step in order
  • Begin each step with a verb, for example, “Turn on the saw.”
  • Do not make it too broad or too detailed
  • You may want to photograph or videotape
  • Review the steps with the worker and other workers who do the same job to make sure you have not left anything out.


1. Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel
2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr.
3.Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine.

2. Identify the hazards of each step. For each hazard, ask:

  • What can go wrong?
  • What are the consequences?
  • How could it happen?
  • What are other contributing factors?
  • How likely is it that the hazard will occur?


1. Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel Strike hand on edge of metal box or casting; cut hand on burr. Drop casting on toes.
2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr. Strike hand against wheel, sparks in eyes. Wheel breakage, dust, sleeves get caught
3.Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine. Strike hand against metal box or casting

3. Review the list of hazards with employees who do the job. Discuss what could eliminate or reduce them.4. Identify ways to eliminate or reduce the hazards.

  • Safer way to do the job
  • Describe each step
  • Be specific – don’t use generalizations like “Be Careful”
  • Changes in equipment
  • Equipment changes, or engineering controls, are the first choice because they can eliminate the hazard
  • E.g. machine guards, improved lighting, better ventilation
  • Changes in work processes
  • Administrative controls, or changes in how the task is done, can be used if engineering controls aren’t possible
  • E.g. rotating jobs, changing the steps, training
  • Changes in personal protective protective equipment
  • When engineering and administrative controls aren’t possible or don’t adequately protect the workers, use personal protective equipment
  • E.g. gloves, hearing protection


1. Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel Strike hand on edge of metal box or casting; cut hand on burr. Drop casting on toes. Provide gloves and safety shoes.
2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr. Strike hand against wheel, sparks in eyes. Wheel breakage, dust, sleeves get caught Provide larger guard over wheel. Install exhaust system. Install exhaust system. Provide safety goggles. Instruct employee to wear short sleeved shirts.
3.Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine. Strike hand against metal box or casting Provide tool for removal of completed stock.

What do I do next?

  1. Correct the unsafe conditions and processes.
    • Train all employees who do the job on the changes
    • Make sure they understand the changes
  2. Review the JHAs.
    • Periodically – you may find hazards you missed before
    • When he task or process is changed
    • When injuries or close calls occur when doing the task
  3. Use the JHAs.
    • Training
    • Accident investigation
You might be interested:  Safety Precautions When Using A Ladder

Is a JSA the same as a task analysis?

A Job Safety Analysis. – A Job Safety Analysis (JSA) simply means looking at the work task and considering what is the safest way to complete it, A JSA is similar to a Task Analysis but brings the risk factor into play. It is a way of becoming aware of the hazards/risks involved in doing the job and taking action to prevent unintended consequences including; injury, loss of productivity, damage to property, reputation, environmental or financial loss.

Is JSA qualitative or quantitative?

HIRA is Quantitative while JSA is Qualitative 6.1.4. HIRA primarily contain hazard & control measures specific to tools & equipment’s and methodology to be used for the activity.6.1.

What is job job analysis?

Job Analysis Job analysis is the process of gathering and analyzing information about the content and the human requirements of jobs, as well as, the context in which jobs are performed. This process is used to determine placement of jobs. Under NU Values the decision-making in this area is shared by units and Human Resources.

Specific internal approval processes will be determined by the unit’s organizational leadership. Job analysis defines the organization of jobs within a job family. It allows units to identify paths of job progression for employees interested in improving their opportunities for career advancement and increasing compensation.

A relative value is placed on the differing factors described in the Zone Placement Matrix. All new and existing positions will be assigned to a job family and zone using the job analysis process. This process is designed to place positions into families and zones based upon assigned duties, qualifications and competencies as measured by the five criteria found in the Zone Placement Matrix.

What is the 4 step of Hira?

Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment | HIRA Safety – The responsibility of conducting HIRA lies entirely with the organisation. It can be done by the company’s internal team or they can appoint external agencies with the relevant knowledge, experience and skills to support the internal team.

  • Globally, in most of the countries, employers are responsible and accountable for taking reasonable steps to identify workplace hazards and ensure effective control measures to prevent injury or ill health.
  • So, even if the HIRA process is delegated, it is ultimately the responsibility of the company management to ensure it is effectively managed.

It’s also very important to communicate the hazards associated to the processes and tasks are to be communicated to the relevant people. It’s a good practice to involve the relevant people in the risk assessment process. Consultivo provides in-house training (both online and on-site) on Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment study for different levels of people.

Who should prepare job safety analysis?

It’s important to diagnose potentials hazards in your workplace before they become a problem. The Infrastructure Health and Safey Association offers tips on how to best conduct job safety analyses and root out hazards so that they can be avoided. Job safety analysis—you’ve probably heard the term before, but may not know exactly what it is.

It’s one of the best prevention tools you have, so read on to find out how it will benefit you, your company, and your workers. A job safety analysis (JSA), also called a job hazard analysis or job task analysis, is a systematic analysis of a specific job in a specific location to identify the hazards and determine the controls.

By completing a JSA, you ensure that you have properly planned the work and that workers can do it safely. As a written document, it can serve as evidence of due diligence. To be effective, the JSA must cover all aspects of a specific task (e.g. offloading an HVAC unit and placing it on the building’s roof).

Most projects require several JSAs, which isn’t surprising when you consider the number of different tasks being done at the same time. How to write a JSA A competent person should write the JSA because, according to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, he or she has knowledge of the hazards that are present on the jobsite.

Usually, the competent person who writes JSAs is the foreperson or supervisor.1. Write down job steps. Once you have a clear understanding of what the work involves, you need to break it down into manageable steps. These steps are not only specific to the job, but also specific to the work area.

  • If the work area changes, the steps may need to change as well.
  • If the steps are too detailed, the JSA will be burdensome and difficult to follow.
  • If they are not detailed enough, you may miss some hazards.2.
  • Identify the hazards associated with each step.
  • This is the most challenging part of the JSA.
  • Take each step and list the hazards associated with it.

Think about what could go wrong from a health and safety point of view. Think about how people, equipment, materials and the surrounding environment contribute to a hazard. To help you identify potential hazards, consider: * causes of past injuries * other work going on near the work area * legislation or regulatory requirements * manufacturer’s instructions for equipment 3.

Determine controls for each hazard. Each hazard you identified in the previous step needs a control. The control explains how you will eliminate the hazard or how you will significantly reduce the risk of injury.4. Discuss the JSA with your workers. Once you have completed the first three steps, you should have a well-developed JSA.

Now, it’s time to share it with your workers. The JSA won’t be effective if workers don’t know about it or understand it. Before starting work, review the relevant JSA with your crew and make sure everyone knows how they are supposed to do the job. If you’re dealing with a task that will last more than one day, it’s a good idea to review the JSA each morning before work starts.

When should you do a job safety analysis?

When should a job safety analysis (JSA) be done? – To ensure hazards, unwanted events and potential risks are properly captured and addressed, a job safety analysis (JSA) should be performed at the job site prior to carrying out the job. During the assignment of a job that has inadequate or no procedures, the work team (with or without the participation of the supervisor) should complete a JSA.

the potential risks are known to be low there is no safe work procedure (SWP) or similar document developing, modifying or reviewing an SWP or similar document.

When should a job safety analysis be completed?

When Should a Job Safety Analysis Be Completed? – Ideally, a JSA should be completed before having workers start on a new job. A big part of a JSA is being proactive and heading off issues before they happen. If your project is already ongoing and you simply haven’t been able to do a JSA up until this point, you can complete it mid-project.

You might be interested:  Why Factor Of Safety Is Used

How many steps is a Jha?

How do I break the job into “basic steps”? – Back to top After a job has been chosen for analysis, the next stage is to break the job into steps. A job step is defined as a segment of the operation necessary to advance the work. See examples below. Care must be taken not to make the steps too general.

Missing specific steps and their associated hazards will not help. On the other hand, if they are too detailed, there will be too many steps. A rule of thumb is that most jobs can be described in less than ten steps. If more steps are required, you might want to divide the job into two segments, each with its separate JSA, or combine steps where appropriate.

As an example, the job of changing a flat tire will be used in this document. An important point to remember is to keep the steps in their correct sequence. Any step which is out of order may miss serious potential hazards or introduce hazards which do not actually exist.

Sequence of Events Potential Accidents or Hazards Preventive Measures
Park vehicle
Remove spare and tool kit
Pry off hub cap and loosen lug bolts (nuts)
And so on.

This part of the analysis is usually prepared by knowing or watching a worker do the job. The observer is normally the immediate supervisor. However, a more thorough analysis often happens by having another person, preferably a member of the health and safety committee, participate in the observation.

Ey points are less likely to be missed in this way. The job observer should have experienced and be capable in all parts of the job. To strengthen full co-operation and participation, the reason for the exercise must be clearly explained. The JSA is neither a time and motion study in disguise, nor an attempt to uncover individual unsafe acts.

The job, not the individual, is being studied in an effort to make it safer by identifying hazards and making modifications to eliminate or reduce them. The worker’s experience contributes in making job and safety improvements. The job should be observed during normal times and situations.

What is the meaning of Jha in HSE?

Federal Occupational Health (FOH) has a long and successful history of serving federal agencies with their health and safety needs. Every worker should be as safe as he or she can be. Job hazard analysis (JHA) identifies and analyzes hazards associated with the performance of various individual job tasks with the goal to make each worker as safe as possible.

What is the difference between a sop and a Jha?

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES – Standard Operating Procedures or SOPs are very similar to JHAs, but they cover the entire job. SOPs are usually in the form of a numbered or bulleted list. Because they cover the entire job, SOPs tend to be lengthy documents, as big as a giant binder in some cases or multiple binders.

What is the difference between SOP and JSA?

General – Job Safety Analysis (JSA’s) is a process of determining physical requirements, environmental conditions and safety factors relating to a specific job or task. JSA’s are best used for stationary or repetitive production tasks or product movement, in which the job, equipment and work environment change very little.

  1. Safe Operating Procedures (SOP’s) are written step-by-step procedures for a specific non-repetitive task which may be hazardous or critical.
  2. The purpose of an SOP is to provide written guidance for a particular task such that any qualified person can successfully and safely complete the task.
  3. SOP’s are best developed and used for highly skilled jobs and when the equipment and work environment change often.

For example, an SOP with appropriate warnings and cautions, would best be developed and used for tasks such as confined space entry, maintenance tasks, lockout-tagout, welding operations, system startup and shutdown. JSA’s/SOP’s provide • PPE determination process • Resource for supervisors to train new employees • Control of job steps • Identification and control of potential hazards • Benchmark for accident investigation• Review of employee performance

Is JSA and Jha interchangeable?

Is there a difference between a JHA and a JSA? Ultimately, the processes, end goals, and results of a JSA and JHA are the same, so it makes sense that these terms are frequently used interchangeably. At IndustrySafe, we don’t see that there’s any difference between a JSA or JHA. If you feel differently, though, don’t be afraid to and opinions on the subject!

What is the difference between a safe work method statement and a JSA?

What is the difference between a JSA and a SWMS? – Both a JSA and a SWMS exist to make the workplace safer. A JSA is a Job Safety Analysis that helps to combine health and safety principles and practices mapping it to a work task that involves some level of risk, for example in the act of operating a piece of machinery.

A JSA will be created before a specific job or task is carried out. A SWMS is a Safe Work Method Statement, a legal document that details the high-risk work activities taking place on a site where there are known hazards. Risks are managed by the safety measures that are put in place to minimise any accidents from occuring.

The purpose of a SWMS is to document a dangerous activity that is conducted regularly as part of that job. SWMS are used in the construction industry and are required for all high-risk work tasks, when conducting a risk assessment and preparing a SWMS, templates are often adapted when identifying hazards as the activities can be highly tailored.

What is the difference between a sop and a Jha?

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES – Standard Operating Procedures or SOPs are very similar to JHAs, but they cover the entire job. SOPs are usually in the form of a numbered or bulleted list. Because they cover the entire job, SOPs tend to be lengthy documents, as big as a giant binder in some cases or multiple binders.

What is the difference between JSA and JSEA?

What is a JSA? – A JSA is a form of risk assessment, which details step-by-step how a task is to be carried out safely. Sometimes the JSA is called a JSEA and includes environmental aspects as well. The name does not matter. Other than the employer’s general duty of care to ensure workers are trained and competent for their work, there are no specific legal requirements to have a JSA or any regulations prescribing the format or content for JSA’s.

  1. Tasks – A step-by-step list of the basic activities of the task e.g. start machine.
  2. Hazards – List of potential hazards at each step of the task.
  3. Control Measures – Step-by-step instruction on how to safely carry out the task by controlling each identified hazard.