Line breaking is the intentional opening of a pipe, line, or duct that contains or has contained material capable of causing injury. OSHA requires that all members of a line breaking team understand the hazards related to the material and equipment involved.
- 1 What is line break in OSHA?
- 2 What are the two types of line breaks?
- 3 Which element defines a line break?
- 4 How do you break a line break?
- 5 What is the line break symbol in text?
What line break means?
Updated: 07/31/2022 by Computer Hope A line break is a command or sequence of control characters that returns the cursor to the next line and does not create a new paragraph, Essentially, line breaks denote the end of one line and the start of a new one. With format marks enabled, line breaks are represented by the symbol of an arrow pointing down and to the left (shown right).
What is line break in OSHA?
The following terms are defined for the purposes of this subpart only: Acceptable entry conditions means the conditions that must exist in a permit space, before an employee may enter that space, to ensure that employees can safely enter into, and safely work within, the space.
- Attendant means an individual stationed outside one or more permit spaces who assesses the status of authorized entrants and who must perform the duties specified in § 1926.1209.
- Authorized entrant means an employee who is authorized by the entry supervisor to enter a permit space.
- Barrier means a physical obstruction that blocks or limits access.
Blanking or blinding means the absolute closure of a pipe, line, or duct by the fastening of a solid plate (such as a spectacle blind or a skillet blind) that completely covers the bore and that is capable of withstanding the maximum pressure of the pipe, line, or duct with no leakage beyond the plate.
Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter it; Has limited or restricted means for entry and exit; and Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.
Control means the action taken to reduce the level of any hazard inside a confined space using engineering methods (for example, by ventilation), and then using these methods to maintain the reduced hazard level. Control also refers to the engineering methods used for this purpose.
- Personal protective equipment is not a control.
- Controlling Contractor is the employer that has overall responsibility for construction at the worksite.
- Note to the definition of “Controlling Contractor”,
- If the controlling contractor owns or manages the property, then it is both a controlling employer and a host employer.
Double block and bleed means the closure of a line, duct, or pipe by closing and locking or tagging two in-line valves and by opening and locking or tagging a drain or vent valve in the line between the two closed valves. Early-warning system means the method used to alert authorized entrants and attendants that an engulfment hazard may be developing.
Examples of early-warning systems include, but are not limited to: Alarms activated by remote sensors; and lookouts with equipment for immediately communicating with the authorized entrants and attendants. Emergency means any occurrence (including any failure of power, hazard control or monitoring equipment) or event, internal or external, to the permit space that could endanger entrants.
Engulfment means the surrounding and effective capture of a person by a liquid or finely divided (flowable) solid substance that can be aspirated to cause death by filling or plugging the respiratory system or that can exert enough force on the body to cause death by strangulation, constriction, crushing, or suffocation.
Entry means the action by which any part of a person passes through an opening into a permit-required confined space. Entry includes ensuing work activities in that space and is considered to have occurred as soon as any part of the entrant’s body breaks the plane of an opening into the space, whether or not such action is intentional or any work activities are actually performed in the space.
Entry Employer means any employer who decides that an employee it directs will enter a permit space. Note to the definition of “Entry Employer”. An employer cannot avoid the duties of the standard merely by refusing to decide whether its employees will enter a permit space, and OSHA will consider the failure to so decide to be an implicit decision to allow employees to enter those spaces if they are working in the proximity of the space.
- Entry permit (permit) means the written or printed document that is provided by the employer who designated the space a permit space to allow and control entry into a permit space and that contains the information specified in § 1926.1206.
- Entry rescue occurs when a rescue service enters a permit space to rescue one or more employees.
Entry supervisor means the qualified person (such as the employer, foreman, or crew chief) responsible for determining if acceptable entry conditions are present at a permit space where entry is planned, for authorizing entry and overseeing entry operations, and for terminating entry as required by this standard.
Note to the definition of “Entry supervisor”. An entry supervisor also may serve as an attendant or as an authorized entrant, as long as that person is trained and equipped as required by this standard for each role he or she fills. Also, the duties of entry supervisor may be passed from one individual to another during the course of an entry operation.
Hazard means a physical hazard or hazardous atmosphere. See definitions below. Hazardous atmosphere means an atmosphere that may expose employees to the risk of death, incapacitation, impairment of ability to self-rescue (that is, escape unaided from a permit space), injury, or acute illness from one or more of the following causes:
Flammable gas, vapor, or mist in excess of 10 percent of its lower flammable limit (LFL); Airborne combustible dust at a concentration that meets or exceeds its LFL; Note to paragraph (2) of the definition of “Hazardous atmosphere”. This concentration may be approximated as a condition in which the combustible dust obscures vision at a distance of 5 feet (1.52 meters) or less. Atmospheric oxygen concentration below 19.5 percent or above 23.5 percent; Atmospheric concentration of any substance for which a dose or a permissible exposure limit is published in subpart D of this part (Occupational Health and Environmental Control), or in subpart Z of this part (Toxic and Hazardous Substances), and which could result in employee exposure in excess of its dose or permissible exposure limit; Note to paragraph (4) of the definition of “Hazardous atmosphere”. An atmospheric concentration of any substance that is not capable of causing death, incapacitation, impairment of ability to self-rescue, injury, or acute illness due to its health effects is not covered by this definition. Any other atmospheric condition that is immediately dangerous to life or health. Note to paragraph (5) of the definition of “Hazardous atmosphere”. For air contaminants for which OSHA has not determined a dose or permissible exposure limit, other sources of information, such as Safety Data Sheets that comply with the Hazard Communication Standard, § 1926.59, published information, and internal documents can provide guidance in establishing acceptable atmospheric conditions.
Host employer means the employer that owns or manages the property where the construction work is taking place. Note to the definition of “Host employer”. If the owner of the property on which the construction activity occurs has contracted with an entity for the general management of that property, and has transferred to that entity the information specified in § 1926.1203(h)(1), OSHA will treat the contracted management entity as the host employer for as long as that entity manages the property.
- Otherwise, OSHA will treat the owner of the property as the host employer.
- In no case will there be more than one host employer.
- Hot work means operations capable of providing a source of ignition (for example, riveting, welding, cutting, burning, and heating).
- Immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH) means any condition that would interfere with an individual’s ability to escape unaided from a permit space and that poses a threat to life or that would cause irreversible adverse health effects.
Note to the definition of “Immediately dangerous to life or health”. Some materials—hydrogen fluoride gas and cadmium vapor, for example—may produce immediate transient effects that, even if severe, may pass without medical attention, but are followed by sudden, possibly fatal collapse 12-72 hours after exposure.
The victim “feels normal” after recovery from transient effects until collapse. Such materials in hazardous quantities are considered to be “immediately” dangerous to life or health. Inerting means displacing the atmosphere in a permit space by a noncombustible gas (such as nitrogen) to such an extent that the resulting atmosphere is noncombustible.
Note to the definition of “Intering”. This procedure produces an IDLH oxygen-deficient atmosphere. Isolate or isolation means the process by which employees in a confined space are completely protected against the release of energy and material into the space, and contact with a physical hazard, by such means as: Blanking or blinding; misaligning or removing sections of lines, pipes, or ducts; a double block and bleed system; lockout or tagout of all sources of energy; blocking or disconnecting all mechanical linkages; or placement of barriers to eliminate the potential for employee contact with a physical hazard.
- Limited or restricted means for entry or exit means a condition that has a potential to impede an employee’s movement into or out of a confined space.
- Such conditions include, but are not limited to, trip hazards, poor illumination, slippery floors, inclining surfaces and ladders.
- Line breaking means the intentional opening of a pipe, line, or duct that is or has been carrying flammable, corrosive, or toxic material, an inert gas, or any fluid at a volume, pressure, or temperature capable of causing injury.
Lockout means the placement of a lockout device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, ensuring that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled cannot be operated until the lockout device is removed.
Lower flammable limit or lower explosive limit means the minimum concentration of a substance in air needed for an ignition source to cause a flame or explosion. Monitor or monitoring means the process used to identify and evaluate the hazards after an authorized entrant enters the space. This is a process of checking for changes that is performed in a periodic or continuous manner after the completion of the initial testing or evaluation of that space.
Non-entry rescue occurs when a rescue service, usually the attendant, retrieves employees in a permit space without entering the permit space. Non-permit confined space means a confined space that meets the definition of a confined space but does not meet the requirements for a permit-required confined space, as defined in this subpart.
Contains or has a potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere; Contains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrant; Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped or asphyxiated by inwardly converging walls or by a floor which slopes downward and tapers to a smaller cross-section; or Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard.
Permit-required confined space program (permit space program) means the employer’s overall program for controlling, and, where appropriate, for protecting employees from, permit space hazards and for regulating employee entry into permit spaces. Physical hazard means an existing or potential hazard that can cause death or serious physical damage.
- Examples include, but are not limited to: Explosives (as defined by paragraph (n) of § 1926.914, definition of “explosive”); mechanical, electrical, hydraulic and pneumatic energy; radiation; temperature extremes; engulfment; noise; and inwardly converging surfaces.
- Physical hazard also includes chemicals that can cause death or serious physical damage through skin or eye contact (rather than through inhalation).
Prohibited condition means any condition in a permit space that is not allowed by the permit during the period when entry is authorized. A hazardous atmosphere is a prohibited condition unless the employer can demonstrate that personal protective equipment (PPE) will provide effective protection for each employee in the permit space and provides the appropriate PPE to each employee.
- Qualified person means one who, by possession of a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or who by extensive knowledge, training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated his ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the subject matter, the work, or the project.
- Representative permit space means a mock-up of a confined space that has entrance openings that are similar to, and is of similar size, configuration, and accessibility to, the permit space that authorized entrants enter.
Rescue means retrieving, and providing medical assistance to, one or more employees who are in a permit space. Rescue service means the personnel designated to rescue employees from permit spaces. Retrieval system means the equipment (including a retrieval line, chest or full body harness, wristlets or anklets, if appropriate, and a lifting device or anchor) used for non-entry rescue of persons from permit spaces.
Serious physical damage means an impairment or illness in which a body part is made functionally useless or is substantially reduced in efficiency. Such impairment or illness may be permanent or temporary and includes, but is not limited to, loss of consciousness, disorientation, or other immediate and substantial reduction in mental efficiency.
Injuries involving such impairment would usually require treatment by a physician or other licensed health-care professional. Tagout means :
Placement of a tagout device on a circuit or equipment that has been deenergized, in accordance with an established procedure, to indicate that the circuit or equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed; and The employer ensures that:
Tagout provides equivalent protection to lockout; or That lockout is infeasible and the employer has relieved, disconnected, restrained and otherwise rendered safe stored (residual) energy.
Test or testing means the process by which the hazards that may confront entrants of a permit space are identified and evaluated. Testing includes specifying the tests that are to be performed in the permit space. Note to the definition of “Test or testing”.
What is a line break in oil and gas?
A line break is to be used for the initial opening of a process system (temporary or permanent) or equipment other than by designed access. A designed access may be a sample port, tank lid or inspections doors/panels.
What is first line break?
Overview. First Break is First break is the act of breaking the integrity of process piping or equipment that may contain toxic or hazardous products. It is a planned loss of containment where there is potential for trapped pressure, or exposure to a toxic commodity or unknown material.
What are the two types of line breaks?
ENJAMBMENT IS THE KEY TO THE BEST POETIC LINE BREAKS – Enjambment, embodied. Now we get to the good stuff (*rubs hands gleefully*). Poetic line breaks can be just as boring as prose’s headlong flow if we schism every line at an “end stop.” An “end stop” is just another word for a period, and a period is just a little black dot that indicates that a sentence is complete.
If we end at such an obvious end, our poetry becomes predictable, and this is a no-no because poetry’s greatest offering is linguistic eurekas. Thus, rather than breaking our lines at the end of each complete sentence, we should “enjamb” them. Enjambment births sentence fragments, multi-dimensional meaning, and visual appeal through the unexpected intrusion of white space.
Top 10 safety hazards in construction – Safety Training
Enjambment’s power isn’t a secret, but many “poets” — perhaps including you, dear reader — don’t fully capitalize on its potential — or worse, use it poorly. In a walnut-shell, I think of enjambment like this: Enjambment is the point where a sentence fissures and continues on to the next poetic line.” Let’s see how others define enjambment: The running-over of a sentence or phrase from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation; the opposite of end-stopped.” -The Poetry Foundation Enjambment, also called run-on, in prosody, the continuation of the sense of a phrase beyond the end of a line of verse.” -Encyclopaedia Britannica In other words, while I conceptualize enjambment as a point on the page, official definitions present it as a linguistic overflowing.
- Both modes of thinking about it are useful since enjambment’s fruit really grows from the nexus of breaking and continued meaning.
- Considering the specific point at where the enjambment occurs can help you craft a more potent line break.
- If you’re still confused about the distinction between enjambment and poetic line breaks, here’s an easy way to think about it.
There are two types of poetic line breaks. One is end-stopped. The other is enjambed. Enjambed line breaks are poetic bullion. Enjambment can also be thought of as the intimate, subtly interrupted conversation between the final word of the enjambed line, and the first word of the subsequent line.
- The preceding and following words, of course, chime in and contribute to the conversation, but the lover’s dialogue happens between those final and first words.
- Further, because the final word of an enjambed line bears the precariousness of the brink of white space — generally more white space than its successor — because it teeters on the edge of silence — the poet must ensure that every single end word resonates.
This holds true even if the poetic line break is end-stopped, but that little pebble that is a period makes the end-stopped line less vulnerable to the massive blank silence that enjambed final words are exposed to. Similarly, the first word of the subsequent line only has to bear the antecedent uniform margin/gutter, though of course this can be played with via indents and stanza breaks, but we’ll save that for another day.
What is line break strategy?
Line-break strategies are collections of options the system uses to determine where to break lines in a paragraph. This is different from lineBreakMode, which controls how to lay out lines of text that don’t fit in a container.
What is the difference between line break and enter?
Paragraph Break: Used to skip a line and start a new paragraph on the second line below existing text. Press ‘Enter’ to insert a Paragraph Break. Line Break: Used to start a new line of text immediately below existing text. Press ‘Enter’ while holding the ‘Shift’ key to insert a Line Break.
What is the importance of break line?
What Happens When Your Brake Lines are Damaged? – Brake lines can break over time just like any other component on your vehicle. Whether they have broken, cracked or become frayed, you need professional brake repair in Vancouver to correct the issue. A skilled technician can determine the extent of the damage and is adequately trained to repair or replace the brake system if needed.
Replacement for Maintenance – A skilled technician examines brake lines during a full brake system inspection. If any signs of corrosion wear are present, the repair shop will replace the brake lines to avoid any failures later on.Breakage – A full break in the brake lines is a dangerous situation that requires immediate attention. Brakes could fail entirely because there is no pressure present in the line to stop the vehicle.Collapse – Brake line hoses may collapse due to age or because of an impact on the line. Rubber line collapses are not as easy to diagnose as metal lines; therefore, if you notice your vehicle pulls as you brake, see a professional for auto repair in Surrey right away.
Minit-Tune & Brake Auto Centres can inspect and repair your brake lines. Our technicians are trained to not only examine your brake pads and rotors during our inspections, but your lines too for maximum safety. If you need new brakes in Vancouver, schedule an appointment at one of our auto repair centres today.
What precautions should be taken during a line break?
Treat initial line/equipment opening as if hazardous material is present –
Require personnel performing line breaking to wear proper PPE for the hazardous material that is normally in the line. PPE should remain in place until personnel verifies that the line is empty and clean. Loosen the flange bolts away from you first to minimize exposure in case of a release.
What is a line break element?
4.6.26 The br element – Categories Flow content, Phrasing content, Contexts in which this element can be used: Where phrasing content is expected. Content model: Empty. Content attributes: Global attributes DOM interface: interface HTMLBRElement : HTMLElement ; The br element represents a line break.
While line breaks are usually represented in visual media by physically moving subsequent text to a new line, a style sheet or user agent would be equally justified in causing line breaks to be rendered in a different manner, for instance as green dots, or as extra spacing. br elements must be used only for line breaks that are actually part of the content, as in poems or addresses.
The following example is correct usage of the br element: P. Sherman 42 Wallaby Way Sydney br elements must not be used for separating thematic groups in a paragraph. The following examples are non-conforming, as they abuse the br element: 34 comments.
Which element defines a line break?
: The Line Break element. The HTML element produces a line break in text (carriage-return). It is useful for writing a poem or an address, where the division of lines is significant.
What is line break valve?
Mechanic Linebreak System – Linebreak valves are used to detect pipeline ruptures. When the pressure decline at the valve of the control port exceeds the reference value, the valve closes the complete pipeline. The rate of the pressure decline is adjustable.
the control valve can be an opener (NC) or a shutter (NO), in order to realise all necessary functions of a pneumatic security control unit reference value adjustable stainless steel design for sour gas available. For further options (material, fluids, etc.) please contact us. size DN3 or DN6 manual reset
valve pressure range: 0 to 100 bar max. differential pressure: 80 bar reference value: 1 to 5 bar size: DN3 (1/8″) or DN6 (1/4″) ambient temperature: -30 °C to +60 °C
How do you break a line break?
Excel for Microsoft 365 Excel for Microsoft 365 for Mac Excel 2021 Excel 2021 for Mac Excel 2019 Excel 2019 for Mac Excel 2016 Excel 2016 for Mac Excel 2013 Excel 2010 Excel 2007 Excel for Mac 2011 More.Less To add spacing between lines or paragraphs of text in a cell, use a keyboard shortcut to add a new line.
Double-click the cell in which you want to insert a line break Click the location where you want to break the line. Press ALT+ENTER to insert the line break.
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What is line break and page break?
Line break: Use a line break, also called a soft return, to start a new line without starting a new paragraph. Page break: Use a page break (in a word processing document only) to move a line of text to the top of the next page or to start typing on a new page.
What is a double line break?
Why should I use paragraph breaks in my document? A paragraph break (hitting Enter or Return on the keyboard) is always more meaningful than a line break (hitting Shift + Enter or Return on the keyboard). A paragraph break inserts what looks like a double-space between one line of text and another, and it allows screen reader users to parse the information on the page more readily.
Although programs like Microsoft Word have options to create single-spaced documents with paragraph breaks, web pages do not. You may find using a line break more aesthetically pleasing than a paragraph break, but line breaks can create problems for screen reader users. While a screen reader can interpret a paragraph break as “blank,” a line break may not be indicated to the user.
The text on the new line may sound like a new sentence, instead of the start of a new paragraph.
The first image above depicts a poem, Mary Had a Little Lamb, where line breaks were used to separate each line. In the second image, paragraph breaks separate the lines.
While the line breaks may “look better” for a visual reader, a screen reader user will hear the poem that is split up with line breaks as one contiguous sentence: “Mary had a little lamb, his fleece was white as snow, etc.” : Why should I use paragraph breaks in my document?
What is 3 line break?
SharpCharts – Three Line Break Charts can be drawn in SharpCharts by selecting Three Line Break for “Type” under “Chart Attributes”. Users can check the “color prices” box to see red lines for the down periods. Click here for a live example.
What is a soft line break?
To create a new line without a new paragraph, complete a soft break or soft return on your keyboard by pressing the Shift then Enter keys together. A soft break creates a new line without breaking the paragraph or the list preceding it.
Why do people use line breaks?
NCTE/IRA National Standards for the English Language Arts –
- 1. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works.
- 2. Students read a wide range of literature from many periods in many genres to build an understanding of the many dimensions (e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic) of human experience.
- 3. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).
- 6. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts.
- “Bubbles” poem (see resource) written on chart paper, or use the copy in the, A of the “Bubbles” poem and related discussion questions is also available.
- Copies for each student of two poems (see resource): “Ninjas” and “Daughter, Mother, Daughter.” (Or select similar poems from books of poetry, such as those listed below; or include poems you have written to model your literacy for students.)
- Suggested poetry books:
- In for Winter, Out for Spring by Arnold Adoff (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1991)This book of poems is particularly playful with respect to line breaks.
- Honey, I Love and Other Love Poems by Eloise Greenfield (HarperTrophy, 1986)
- Good Books, Good Times by Lee Bennett Hopkins (Harper Collins, 1990)
- The Tamarindo Puppy and Other Poems by Charlotte Pomerantz (Greenwillow, 1980)Poems in English and Spanish celebrate the joy of playing with sound and rhythm.
- Chart paper or board space for writing ideas.
- Gather resources, deciding which poems you will use and making the necessary copies.
- Copy the poem “Bubbles” on chart paper.
- This lesson assumes some prior exposure to poetry. The books in the Materials and Technology section can be used to broaden students’ experiences with poetry before starting this lesson.
- understand that poetry differs from prose; poets use line breaks to create rhythm or sound, to signal meaning, and sometimes to give poems a particular appearance.
- explore various poems and think about why lines are broken where they are in poetry.
- experiment with line breaks and how they affect rhythm, sound, meaning, and appearance, and can substitute for punctuation in poetry.
- Ask students to brainstorm characteristics of poetry (e.g., they may say “descriptive” or “rhyming”), and, one at a time, to write their ideas on the board or chart paper. Ask students to elaborate on their contributions, if possible, saying anything they think they know about rhyming or description, for example, or where their attitudes about poetry might come from, if these come up in the discussion. Be sure to explain that the brainstormed list represents our ideas now, We will find that our ideas about poetry change as we learn more about it and that everything on the list may not be accurate. Explain that today we will focus on one defining feature of poetry—line breaks. If this is not already on the list in some form, add it, and ask students to tell what they think it is. Most basically, this is what makes poems look different from prose.
- As a group look at the poem “Bubbles” on chart paper or online. Tell students to notice the line breaks. Why are they where they are? Emphasize that this is the authors’ decision. Talk about how the poem might be different (appearance, meaning, emphasis, how you read it aloud) if the line breaks were different. Try rewriting it and reading it aloud with the same words but different line breaks suggested by the students. See what happens to the sound, meaning, and appearance. Notice the shape (round like a bubble). Do you think the author did this on purpose? Is there any punctuation? Why or why not?
- Next students will work in small groups looking at two poems—”Ninjas” and “Daughter, Mother, Daughter”—as has just been modeled in the large group: reading them aloud, discussing the line breaks, and experimenting with changing them. Circulate and support small group work. As groups finish, or as follow-up, students can explore the where they can move words around and manipulate line breaks in a poem online. To reset the words, students can refresh the page.
- After about 10–15 minutes ask each small group to share with the whole class what they noticed or discovered about the line breaks. Add anything they may not have noticed, for example, that some poets use line breaks instead of punctuation and others use both, or that line breaks create rhythm. Share any books or poems you might have gathered that offer other good examples of how line breaks function (see Resources section). Students may peruse these independently or in groups to reinforce and extend their understanding of how line breaks function.
What is a line break in a URL?
URL Line Breaks You can split a URL in the following places: After a colon or double slash (//)
What is another word for line break?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Line breaking, also known as word wrapping, is breaking a section of text into lines so that it will fit into the available width of a page, window or other display area. In text display, line wrap is continuing on a new line when a line is full, so that each line fits into the viewable window, allowing text to be read from top to bottom without any horizontal scrolling,
What is the line break symbol in text?
: The Line Break element. The HTML element produces a line break in text (carriage-return). It is useful for writing a poem or an address, where the division of lines is significant.