What Is Meant By Occupational Health And Safety
Occupational safety and health is identified as the discipline dealing with the prevention of work-related injuries and diseases as well as the protection and promotion of the health of workers. It aims at the improvement of working conditions and environment.

What is the meaning of occupational health & safety?

National legislation and public organizations – Occupational safety and health practice vary among nations with different approaches to legislation, regulation, enforcement, and incentives for compliance. In the EU, for example, some member states promote OSH by providing public monies as subsidies, grants or financing, while others have created tax system incentives for OSH investments.

What is an example of occupational health and safety?

Examples here include equipment safety, separating protective devices to protect employees from a hazardous area by means of a physical barrier (such as fencing, protectors etc.), implementation of ergonomic design requirements relating to health protection and protection against physical reactions.

What is the best definition of occupational health?

Occupational health is an area of work in public health to promote and maintain highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations. Its objectives are:

  1. the maintenance and promotion of workers’ health and working capacity;
  2. the improvement of working conditions and the working environment to become conducive to safety and health;
  3. the development of work organization and working cultures that should reflect essential value systems adopted by the undertaking concerned, and include effective managerial systems, personnel policy, principles for participation, and voluntary quality-related management practices to improve occupational safety and health.

The science and practice of occupational health involves several disciplines, such as occupational medicine, nursing, ergonomics, psychology, hygiene, safety and other. The World Health Assembly urges countries to

  • develop national policies and action plans and to build institutional capacities on occupational health,
  • scale up the coverage with essential interventions for prevention and control of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries and occupational health services
  • ensure in collaboration with other relevant national health programmes such as those dealing with communicable and non-communicable diseases, prevention of injuries, health promotion, mental health, environmental health, and health systems development.

What is the meaning of operational safety?

Operational safety is defined as the absence of unacceptable risks, injury or harm to the health of humans, whether direct or indirect, resulting from damage to equipment or the environment.

What are the five elements of safety?

Developing a new framework for safety performance improvement requires a comprehensive program with safety best practices, risk management, workplace safety management policies, and effective safety leadership. However, for you to gain the knowledge of these elements, it will likely require extra effort in understanding the 5 E’s of safety – education, encouragement, engineering, enforcement, and evaluation.

  • Education Education is a significant part of your strategy that will ensure you promote a safe environment and workplace.
  • It involves the teachings about safety rules and creates awareness of the benefits and goals of safety in your community and workplace.
  • Education informs you on workplace safety practices, and gives you the chance to exercise what you’ve learned.

Encouragement The PBIC, in collaboration with SRTS experts, discusses how encouragement is all about being safe and fun, This is just one of the main strategies that safety specialists use to secure interests in the field of workplace health and safety.

It helps build a safety program and enthusiasm. Engineering Simply put, engineering helps you create a safe working environment. You can combine it with education and encouragement to address the specific needs of your company’s environmental, health and safety (EHS) program. It’s a broad concept used to describe the design, development, implementation, operation and maintenance of both quality control programs and physical safety measures of employees.

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Enforcement Enforcement is a key component of work and environmental safety as it reinforces the laws that serve to protect you. The primary role of enforcement is to reduce incidents, save lives, and facilitate a hazard-free and efficient work environment.

  • This strategy helps open the line of communication between you and the law enforcement authority, ensuring adequate training and reporting of incidents and operational risks.
  • Evaluation You can combine engineering, encouragement, enforcement and education strategies to address certain challenges facing your organization.

It’s used to determine if the aims of the strategies are being met and ensures that safety resources are used to meet a sustainable business environment. Benefits of evaluation include:

Setting reasonable expectations about what your EHS program can do Determines if the safety program is creating the desired results Identifies changes that will improve your EHS program

What are occupational health hazards?

Occupational hazard – Occupational hazard is the independent variable, which includes chemical, physical, biological, and psychosocial hazards. These hazards are the potential causes of injuries in the workplace. Chemical hazards include questions on dental allergies and eye/mouth splashes or injuries ( 32 ).

  1. Biological hazards include questions on needle stick/sharps injuries leading to infectious diseases like HIV/Hepatitis ( 33 ).
  2. Ergonomics include musculoskeletal injuries.
  3. Questions were related to back pain and sprains.
  4. Dentists are most prone to these injuries due to the posture in which they sit in dental chairs ( 34 ).

Physical hazards include questions on electric and safety wiring and physical obstacles at the workplace ( 35 ).

What are the 5 types of occupational hazards?

Occupational hazards are risks associated with working in specific occupations, The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) describes five categories of occupational hazards: physical safety hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards, physical hazards, and ergonomic risk factors.

  • Physical safety hazards include anything that could lead to injury in a workplace accident.
  • This could be slipping hazards, the operation of machinery, electrical hazards, or any other potentially dangerous condition that could exist in a workplace.
  • The latter four hazards are described as OSHA as health hazards.

Unlike physical safety hazards, they describe risks of injury after cumulative exposure to a harmful condition or substance rather than a singular accident. Chemical hazards include solvents, adhesives, paints, toxic dusts, among other potentially toxic fumes or acids.

  • Biological hazards include infectious diseases, molds, toxic or poisonous plants, or animal materials.
  • Physical hazards include excessive noise, elevated or low temperatures, or radiation.
  • Ergonomic risk factors include repetitive actions, such as heavy lifting or the use of tools with significant vibration.

OSHA has a variety of laws and regulations that apply to different industries throughout the United States. States also have statutes relating to disability retirement after exposure to occupational hazards, such as this one from Hawaii.

What are the three types of occupational health?

What are the types of occupational health? – Occupational health problems are injuries, illnesses, and accidents occurring at work. Occupational health programs help eliminate or reduce these problems by identifying four types of workplace hazards. These are physical, ergonomic, chemical, and biological hazards.

What is the difference between occupational safety and occupational health?

Environment, Health & Safety Manager || Oil & Gas / construction CPF – EPC- pipeline / Manufacturing / Operations/ Logistics / NEBOSH | IOSH | PMC | H2S| FMS| CPR& AED – Published Feb 9, 2021 Most government agencies that monitor worker safety look at all work related health and safety data, including recorded injuries and diseases.

  • This includes all health issues caused by a work environment.
  • Occupational safety addresses potential safety hazards that can cause injury, whereas occupational health addresses potential health concerns.
  • Occupational safety pertains more to the physical well-being of employees, while occupational health covers the employees’ overall well-being.

Occupational health programs can be quite proactive by seeking to improve an employee’s health and well-being. Employers may offer smoker cessation classes, or even have on site gym. At the very least, employers are responsible for identifying potential health concerns related to the job and controlling them just as they would with safety hazards.

What are occupational health and safety operating procedures?

Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs) are a set of safe work practices and step-by-step instructions that are required in the workplace to control identified hazards to help ensure employee safety. Supervisors can contact OHS for assistance when identified hazards require an SOP.

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What are operational controls for health and safety?

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QMS ISO 9001 EMS ISO 14001 OH&S ISO 45001
Operational Control Procedure The purpose of this procedure is to establish how your organization plans for and implements the controls necessary to manage our operational health and safety hazards, associated risks, the methods used to mitigate them, and to comply with applicable legal requirements. Operational controls are established where hazards and risks are identified. Operational control measures are also implemented where their absence could lead to a deviation from our health and safety policies and objectives. Forms & Reports also included:

Operational Control Process Turtle Diagram Change Management Form PPE Issue Record Equipment Maintenance & Service Log Approved Supplier Index Receiving Inspection Log On-site Supplier Audit Checklist Off-site Supplier Self-Assessment Safe Work Method Statement Health & Safety Risk Assessment Hazard Identification Register

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What is the safety checklist?

What is a Safety Checklist? – Safety checklists are typically paper or digital forms that safety professionals use to assess and determine workplace risks that might affect individuals, processes, or the environment. A safety checklist is typically a tool that allows professionals to receive a broad overview of safety practices, behaviors, and risks inside a workplace or department.

What are HSE elements?

HSE Management System – A formal management system or framework helps manage health and safety. Examples provided by various national and international standards include:

ISO 45001:2018 Occupational health and safety management systems – Requirements with guidance for use (HSE’s position statement on ISO 45001) BS EN ISO 9001:2008 Quality management system Energy Institute’s High-level framework for process safety management

Regardless of the industry you are in, all organisations need a comprehensive, well-documented safety management system to ensure that all personnel are safe. A safety management system must be written down, communicated, and practiced. The key elements of a successful HSE management system include:

Safety plan and inspection checklists Risk assessments and monitoring Reporting Training and induction

Safety plan and inspection checklists

A safety plan is a strategic action plan which sets out all current and prospective risks for a company. It provides an analysis of all risks present, with an outline of how to remove said risks. It sets out the timeline for the management system as well, with the allocated budget in place.

This safety plan helps set up a framework for all the worker to follow and be held accountable to maintain the safety record of the workplace. A safety plan also comprises of safety inspection checklists and emergency response plans, that all help in documenting the safety procedures and provide data for management to refer to.

OSHA requires emergency response plans to include how to report an emergency, evacuation procedures and assembly points, procedures to shut down project operations, rescue and medical duties for any workers assigned to perform them, and contact information for individuals with more information.

Risk assessments and monitoring

In addition to a safety plan, risk assessments document all risks in the workplace. This helps in protecting all workers from potential hazards, as well as the organisation from potential lawsuits. All areas of safety non-compliance are outlined in the assessment and aids in ensuring proper solutions are in place.

Training and induction

Regardless if it is a low-risk or high-risk industry, all workers in the organisation need to receive adequate training on the various rules and safety procedures of the worksite. A thorough training program includes a safety training aspect, where fire drills, accident stimulations and hazardous waste management are covered.


Every business relies on performance metrics or key performance indicators to improve their bottom line, and HSE departments are no exception. These metrics help identify areas that need improvement, as well as trends over time. Key performance indicators for health, safety, and environment include:

Lost Time Rate (LTR)Total Accident Rate (TAR)Accident Severity Rate (ASR)Total Recordable InjuriesWorking Days Since Last Incident

Every HSE management system needs to be reviewed to verify that current goals are being met and new initiatives are implemented. Review of your management system and team by senior leadership should be conducted on a regular basis. This keeps staff and the system accountable and presents the opportunity for discussion between safety personnel and upper management.

Overall, for any successful HSE Management System, the management plays a critical role in terms of leadership and communicating these safety aspects to the whole organisation. Communication of the management’s intention to commit to good HSE practices is a must. Best Practises for HSE Management is a 3-day training course held from 3-5 December 2019 (Kuala Lumpur).

During this three-day course, participants will discover the real HSE challenges that face the Executive Management team and their sub-ordinate managers and staff within a global business developing and operating any high hazard facility, but with a focus on the upstream, mid-stream and downstream oil, gas and petrochemicals business segments.

What are three occupational health hazards and give one example of each one?

Occupational hazards in the health sector This e-tool is intended for use by people in charge of occupational health and safety for health workers at the national, subnational and facility levels and for health workers who want to know what WHO and ILO recommend for the protection of their health and safety Below are the most common occupational hazards in the health sector. The most common occupational infections of concern in the health sector are tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS and respiratory infections (coronaviruses, influenza). Lifting, transferring, repositioning and moving patients without using proper techniques or handing equipment can cause musculoskeletal injury (e.g., back injury and chronic back pain). The most common hazardous chemicals in the health sector include cleaning and disinfecting agents, sterilants, mercury, toxic drugs, pesticides, latex and laboratory chemicals and reagents. Ionizing (x-rays, radionuclides) and non-ionizing radiation (UV, lasers) exposure may occur in health-care settings and pose specific risk to the health and safety of health workers. Time pressure, lack of control over work tasks, long working hours, shift work, lack of support and moral injury are important risk factors for occupational stress, burnout and fatigue among health workers. These are incidents involving work-related abuse, threats or assaults among health workers including physical, sexual, verbal and psychological abuse and workplace harassment. These are work related factors, such as thermal discomfort (heat or cold stress) and noise, which may cause harm to a health worker. Common injuries among health workers are slips, trips and falls, road traffic injuries (ambulance crashes, motorbike and bicycle injuries), electric shock, explosions and fire. Unsafe and insufficient water for drinking and washing, inadequate sanitation and hygiene, hazardous healthcare waste and climate related risks may cause work-related diseases and injuries among health workers.

What is an example of an occupational health and safety slogan?

20 Catchy and Rhyming Safety Slogans –

  1. Don’t be a fool. Use the proper tool.
  2. Dare to be aware.
  3. If you mess up, ‘fess up.
  4. A spill, a slip, a hospital trip
  5. Safety First, Avoid the Worst
  6. To avoid a scene keep your workplace clean.
  7. Do your work with pride, put safety in every stride.
  8. Turn your attention to accident prevention.
  9. Be aware, take care.
  10. With safety glasses tight, you’ll surely keep your sight.
  11. When in doubt, get out.
  12. Don’t be safety blinded, be safety minded.
  13. Work smart from the start.
  14. Be informed or be deformed.
  15. Safety is Gainful, Accident is Painful
  16. When safety is first, you last.
  17. Safety rules are your best tools.
  18. Don’t be a fool! Inspect your electrical tools.
  19. A faulty wire can cause a fire.
  20. Make it a mission to address unsafe conditions.