When should the Health and Safety File be produced? – Considering the importance of health and safety, the file should be produced as soon as possible; the earlier the information is compiled and shared, the better the decisions made and the fewer risks of duplication or the need for rework.
- Drawings and other documents are a crucial source of data, providing information on proposed construction methods, product choices and even the thought processes around how an asset will be used.
- This is also where you learn about hazards – lead, contaminated land, asbestos and any services or nearby activities that could affect the work.
On a BIM project, the Employers Information Requirements (EIR) forms part of the appointment and tender document and should clearly outline client requirements – what’s required, when, and in how much detail. A section of the EIR focuses on the management of health and safety/ CDM, and it is here that a client can set out any requirements for BIM-supported health and safety management that it wishes bidders to address.
- 1 What is a CDM document?
- 2 What are the CDM processes?
- 3 Can Principal designer and Principal contractor be the same?
- 4 Who writes a client brief?
- 5 What are 3 documents that Authorise a project to proceed?
- 6 Who needs a CDM?
- 7 What is CDM registration?
What is a CDM document?
The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 Whatever your in construction, CDM aims to improve health and safety in the industry by helping you to:
sensibly plan the work so the risks involved are managed from start to finish have the right people for the right job at the right time cooperate and coordinate your work with others have the right information about the risks and how they are being managed communicate this information effectively to those who need to know consult and engage with workers about the risks and how they are being managed
HSE has published that supports CDM 2015 and explains it in more detail. : The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015
What is the role of a principal designer?
Who is a principal designer? – A principal designer can be an organisation or individual who is appointed by the client ( commercial or domestic) to take the lead in planning, managing, monitoring and coordinating health and safety during the pre-construction phase (design and planning stage) of a project involving, or likely to involve, more than one contractor,
What main heading should a typical construction phase plan contain?
Construction Phase Plan Guidance | CHAS The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations, more commonly known as, require everyone involved in construction projects to carry out duties to reduce health and safety risks throughout the lifespan of a construction project. Clients, principal contractors, designers and contractors are all “duty holders” under these regulations, and every duty holder is legally required to do their bit to ensure excellent health and safety standards are planned and implemented during each stage of the project.
For principal contractors, one of the main responsibilities outlined by the CDM 2015 Regulations is the Construction Phase Plan, also referred to as the Construction Phase Health and Safety Plan or CPP for short. This document is designed to help principal contractors and the other parties involved in projects to plan, manage and work safely.
It’s also a legal requirement for your project to have a complete and thorough plan. So if you haven’t created a Construction Phase Plan before, or you’re not sure whether your project needs one, this is where you’ll find everything you need to know so you can comply with the CDM 2015.
- You can also get expert advice and assistance from CHAS when you become a,
- A Construction Phase Plan is a key document that details the health and safety risks associated with the construction phase of the project and the control measures that will be implemented to minimise risks or where possible, eliminate them.
Once drawn up, the document should help communicate significant risks, site rules and health and safety arrangements to other people involved in the construction phase. All construction projects, no matter the size or duration, are legally required to have a Construction Phase Health and Safety Plan.
So if your project is classed as construction work — meaning it involves the building, demolition, renovation, maintenance or repair of a structure — you’ll need a CPP before the construction phase commences. A CPP is also required for domestic projects. It’s worth noting t the Construction Phase Plan should be proportionate to the size, scope and complexity of the project.
Larger projects will require a more in-depth document with more health and safety arrangements detailed. The CPP must also be drawn up during the preconstruction phase before the construction site is set up. This is so risks and control measures can be communicated with project teams before any work begins and before any workers are exposed to unnecessary risks.
- The Construction Phase Plan is the responsibility of the project’s principal contractor.
- This is an individual or organisation appointed to manage and control the construction stage of the project and oversee the work of other contractors and workers.
- In projects with only one contractor, the responsibility falls to the sole contractor.
While the principal contractor is primarily responsible for CPP compliance, the client and designers must also ensure that they provide all relevant information in support of the plan. Every CPP should be unique because the plan will contain details about health and safety risks and arrangements that are specific to the project. The first section of the CPP should contain information about the project and those involved. Names and contact details of important project team members should be listed, as well as an overview of the project and any key dates such as deadlines for specific tasks, phases and the completion of the project. You will also need to describe the specific arrangements for managing work on-site, including: The bulk of the Construction Phase Plan will focus on health and safety risks, arrangements and control measures to keep workers, site visitors and members of the public safe from harm.
First, the plan should identify health and safety risks associated with on-site activities and take into consideration any scenarios that could increase the severity or probability of risks being realised. Control measures and health and safety precautions should then be detailed. Arrangements for controlling health and safety risks can include, the issue of personal protective equipment (PPE), removal of the hazard or elimination of the risk, the use of machinery to remove or reduce risks, or the installation of physical barriers to restrict access or reduce the risk of a fall.
These are just some of the control measures you may decide to implement during your project, but the exact precautions you take will depend on your project and the activities carried out. Precautions and control measures should be implemented for any risk.
Work that puts workers at risk of burial under earthfalls, engulfment in swampland or falling from a height where the risk is particularly aggravated by the nature of the work, processes used or the environment of the place of work or site. Work that puts workers at risk from chemical or biological substances constituting a particular danger to the safety or health of workers or involving a legal requirement for health monitoring. Work with ionising radiation requiring the designation of controlled or supervised areas under regulation 16 of the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999. Work near high-voltage power lines. Work exposing workers to the risk of drowning. Work on wells, underground earthworks and tunnels. Work carried out by divers having a system of air supply. Work carried out by workers in caissons with a compressed air atmosphere. Work involving the use of explosives. Work involving the assembly or dismantling of heavy prefabricated components
While there might be a lot of risks and control measures to consider in your Construction Phase Plan, the document must be drawn up specifically for your project. It shouldn’t be a collection of risk assessments, method statements and health and safety policies — these should be separate documents, although they can be referenced in the CPP and can demonstrate elements of the safety management systems in place.
- Creating a Construction Phase Plan is hugely important not just for achieving compliance with the CDM regulations, but also for helping all members of the project team understand health and safety risks and work together to create a safe work site.
- So you need to make sure you produce a plan that’s thorough, informative, relevant and useful to all contractors.
CHAS can offer assistance with creating and submitting your Construction Phase Plans to help you achieve compliance and effectively manage project risks. You can get in touch with our friendly advisors to learn more about signing up as a CHAS contractor, and access to a health and safety support line.
- As a CHAS contractor, you can unlock risk management materials such as electronic risk assessment and method statement templates, e-learning modules and business shield support.
- You’ll also have access to our industry-leading accreditation schemes, which can help you win more contracts and demonstrate your commitment to excellent risk management standards to over 2500 clients.
Become a CHAS contractor today and get the support and resources you need. : Construction Phase Plan Guidance | CHAS
Who can help a client complete the client’s brief?
You may ask the principal designer to help you develop your client brief.
What are the CDM processes?
According to the CDM Regulations, there are three stages to every construction project. Pre-Construction. Construction. And Post-Construction. And there are CDM duties to complete at each stage of the project. Things you need to do before work starts on site.
Who is a designer under CDM?
Introduction – In CDM the term “Designer” has a very broad meaning and includes anyone who prepares design drawings and design details, or who specifies the use of a particular method of work, or material. This provides the potential for anyone to become a designer by default. People included could be;
- Civil and structural engineers
- Building surveyors
- Building service designers
- Landscape architects
- Interior designers and shop fitters
- Temporary works engineers
- Heritage organisations who specify how work is to be done
- Anyone purchasing materials where the choice has been left open
Regulation 9 of the CDM2015 guidance states:-
- A designer must not commence work in relation to a project unless satisfied that the client is aware of the duties owed by the client under these Regulations.
- When preparing or modifying a design the designer must take into account the general principles of prevention and any pre-construction information to eliminate, so far as is reasonably practicable, foreseeable risks to the health or safety of any person-
- carrying out or liable to be affected by construction work;
- maintaining or cleaning a structure; or
- using a structure designed as a workplace.
- If it is not possible to eliminate these risks, the designer must, so far as is reasonably practicable-
- take steps to reduce or, if that is not possible, control the risks through the subsequent design process;
- provide information about those risks to the principal designer; and
- ensure appropriate information is included in the health and safety file.
- A designer must take all reasonable steps to provide, with the design, sufficient information about the design, construction or maintenance of the structure, to adequately assist the client, other designers and contractors to comply with their duties under these Regulations.
Who is the CDM coordinator?
What is a CDM Coordinator?
Since the introduction of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007, there has been a requirement by law to appoint a CDM Coordinator to notify the HSE via an F10 notification form on non-domestic construction projects that are planned to last longer than 30 days or 500 person days of work. See more about whether your project is notifiable A CDM (Construction Design and Management) Coordinator is a qualified Health and Safety whose role is to advise the Client on health and safety issues during the design and planning phases of construction work and is someone who has and knowledge and experience of planning, management, construction, and communications.Our professional CDM Coordinators understand the design and management roles, will advise you on the competence of the duty holders, prepare the project Health and Safety paperwork and make the required notification to the HSE. CDM Coordinators bring together designers, construction teams and Health & Safety advisors prior to commencement of building and are responsible for reviewing design changes throughout construction.A CDM Coordinator should be appointed as early in the design and planning process as practicable.
Can Principal designer and Principal contractor be the same?
When the principal contractor can be the principal designer – Now we know who the principal designer is, how can the principal contractor be the principal designer? Shouldn’t the principal designer be a designer? Yes, they should, but of course, some projects, especially smaller projects, might not have an architect involved.
Not all construction project teams are the same, and with CDM 2015 applying to a wide range of projects including maintenance, demolition, earthworks, and refurbishment, there are often cases where it is not clear who the principal designer should be. What about design and build contracts, where the design and the construction work is handed over to one company? The design and build company in these circumstances could have both contractor and designer duties under CDM.
This is a classic example of where it would be acceptable to appoint the principal contractor also as the principal designer. Organisations or individuals can carry out the role of more than one dutyholder, provided they have the skills, knowledge, experience and (if an organisation) the organisational capability to carry out those roles in a way that secures health and safety.
As long as the principal contractor has the skills, knowledge, experience and capability to carry out the role of the principal designer, and is acting as a designer in some capacity, they could be your best choice. Especially if they are the designer in overall control of the pre-construction phase of the project.
What about a kitchen installation company that is carrying out the design and installation of a new kitchen, with subcontractors for the electrical and mechanical services? The project will need both a principal contractor and a principal designer. It would make sense that the kitchen installation company fulfils both roles since it is in overall control of both the design and managing the work on site.
What is an F10?
An F10 notification is an online form which must be filled out and submitted to notify the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) of a medium/large scale project (otherwise known as a ‘notifiable construction project’). A commercial client is responsible for notifying the HSE. However, they may ask someone else, such as a CDM consultant, to assist them.
What does CPP mean in construction?
Construction Phase Plan (FULLY Explained) A construction phase plan (CPP) is a key document, outlining the health and safety concerns associated with a specific construction project. The plan should cover the site rules and necessary procedures that are in place to minimise or eliminate risks.
Who writes a client brief?
The client writes the brief, which explains all the relevant details of a project. The company or agency that the client hires uses the brief to get a better understanding of the requirements of the project and to discuss any changes with the stakeholders.
What does CDM stand for in construction?
What are the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations? – The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations, known as the CDM regulations, are a set of health and safety regulations that apply specifically to construction projects. These regulations apply to all construction projects of all sizes and were most recently updated in 2015.
The aim of the CDM regulations is to improve health and safety in construction work, both during the project, and for any future work, use and maintenance of the building or structure. To achieve its objectives the CDM regulations place duties on virtually everyone involved in construction work, particularly on key members of the project team such as the client, designers and contractors.
The CDM regulations also cover other health and safety requirements in addition to duty holders, including welfare requirements and general requirements for all construction sites, such as security, traffic, emergency procedures and lighting.
What are 3 documents that Authorise a project to proceed?
Project authorisation – Skillmaker Posted by in Project authorisation is a formal process that authorises (or gives permission for) work to begin on a project, or a particular part of it. It means that the project (or work package) has approval to start and/or be developed further.
- Project authorisation is needed before a project even ‘gets off the ground’.
- Before a project can be initiated, its sponsor must have the necessary authority to propose, fund and commit to it.
- The project sponsor is a key stakeholder,
- Project authorisations may be defined for other stakeholders when their roles and responsibilities on a project are being negotiated.
At the project ‘coal face’, project authorisations see project personnel being authorised to start work in accordance with terms agreed during project initiation phase. This authorisation ensures that key personnel have the formal authority to:
control the flow of work to be undertaken commit resources on project activities in accordance with the agreed budget.
Project authorisation impacts on the management of a project in key ways:
It is a crucial aspect of a project’s quality control. It helps to ensure that a project is planned, defined, understood and implemented in accordance with pre-agreed parameters. It provides boundaries for what is to be done and expended by whom. It sets limits on individuals unilaterally acting outside agreed courses of action, or committing to expenditure beyond the levels planned. It helps to protect the Project Manager, the person ultimately responsible and accountable for the management of the project.
Seeking project authorisation Project authorisation helps to ensure that nothing is done on a project without its being formally planned and budgeted for. It also provides clarity for all involved on who has the authority to do what.
As well, project authorisation helps control the potentially negative influence of influential and powerful stakeholders by specifying the limits of their authority. The authorisation for a project to proceed is given after key stakeholders approve it to proceed (for a stated budget). Formalising project authorisation
Project authorisations must be formally advised. The authorising document—be it a letter of intent, a purchase order, a contract or a form in a work authorisation system—should also stipulate details such as when the project will start and finish, the expenditure levels authorised, delivery instructions and so on. Some project authorisations may be specified in a Project Charter:
A Project Charter is a project initiation document that formally outlines a project’s parameters, including its description, client requirements, milestones, stakeholders, constraints and a justifying business case.
Once a project is initiated, project authorisation operates to stipulate the roles and limits of authority of those involved in delivering the project (including stakeholders). It provides a continuing controlling link between the project’s physical management and the ongoing expenditure against the project budget. : Project authorisation – Skillmaker
What are the three phases in CDM?
Clinical Data Management (CDM) is a critical phase in clinical research which results in collection of reliable, high-quality and statistically sound data. It consists of three phases i.e. start up, conduct and close out.
What are the three project requirements?
Project requirements can be categorized into three main categories: business, solution, and stakeholder requirements. Business requirements are the high-level needs of the business. They address what’s required and why the project is happening.
What is the major objective of CDM?
The objectives of a clean development mechanism are: Contribute to the halting and prevention of climate change. Assist developing countries in strategy development that is long-lasting. Assist industrialized countries in reducing emissions and transitioning to greener energy sources.
What do the five steps of the CDM include?
What is the consumer decision making process. The consumer decision-making process involves five basic steps. This is the process by which consumers evaluate making a purchasing decision. The 5 steps are problem recognition, information search, alternatives evaluation, purchase decision and post-purchase evaluation.
What are the commonly used CDM tools?
Tools for CDM – Many software tools are available for data management, and these are called Clinical Data Management Systems (CDMS). In multicentric trials, a CDMS has become essential to handle the huge amount of data. Most of the CDMS used in pharmaceutical companies are commercial, but a few open source tools are available as well.
- Commonly used CDM tools are ORACLE CLINICAL, CLINTRIAL, MACRO, RAVE, and eClinical Suite.
- In terms of functionality, these software tools are more or less similar and there is no significant advantage of one system over the other.
- These software tools are expensive and need sophisticated Information Technology infrastructure to function.
Additionally, some multinational pharmaceutical giants use custom-made CDMS tools to suit their operational needs and procedures. Among the open source tools, the most prominent ones are OpenClinica, openCDMS, TrialDB, and PhOSCo. These CDM software are available free of cost and are as good as their commercial counterparts in terms of functionality.
- These open source software can be downloaded from their respective websites.
- In regulatory submission studies, maintaining an audit trail of data management activities is of paramount importance.
- These CDM tools ensure the audit trail and help in the management of discrepancies.
- According to the roles and responsibilities (explained later), multiple user IDs can be created with access limitation to data entry, medical coding, database designing, or quality check.
This ensures that each user can access only the respective functionalities allotted to that user ID and cannot make any other change in the database. For responsibilities where changes are permitted to be made in the data, the software will record the change made, the user ID that made the change and the time and date of change, for audit purposes (audit trail).
What does CDM mean in project management?
What does CDM stand for? – CDM stands for Construction, Design and Management. It is a shortened term for the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015, Organisations working in the construction, design and management sectors should adhere to CDM regulations to help protect employee health during construction projects.
Who needs a CDM?
CDM applies to everyone involved in the project – Everyone involved in construction work has a part to play in working safely and complying with CDM. This includes making the necessary appointments, coordinating with other duty holders, and producing CDM documentation. There are 5 duty holders under CDM 2015:
Client Principal Designer Principal Contractor Contractors Designers
You don’t have the CDM coordinator to help you any more. There used to be someone on your team whose sole purpose was to manage CDM compliance, but now this role has gone. So, it’s really important that the principal designer and principal contractor know their CDM duties.
They must now assist the client, as well as performing their own duties under CDM.11.—(1) The principal designer must plan, manage and monitor the pre-construction phase and coordinate matters relating to health and safety during the pre-construction phase to ensure that, so far as is reasonably practicable, the project is carried out without risks to health or safety.
Need help complying with your duties under CDM 2015? Follow our free CDM duty holder guides,
What is the full form of CDM in corporate?
About Corporate Data Management (CDM) The Corporate Data Management (CDM) Portal has been developed by Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) as an in-house Data Analytics and Business Intelligence Unit.
What is CDM registration?
CDM Registry means the clean development mechanism registry established, operated and maintained by the executive board of the clean development mechanism pursuant to Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol and the decisions adopted pursuant to the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol; Sample 1Sample 2Sample 3.