- 0.1 Which manual describes the necessary steps to follow in patient preparation for laboratory tests?
- 1 What is a national organization that develops guidelines and sets standards for laboratory and phlebotomy procedures?
- 2 Which of the following is the responsibility of the phlebotomist?
- 3 Which agencies make recommendations and or establish rules of lab safety?
- 4 What is the largest integrated health care system?
- 5 What is the oldest health system in the world?
- 6 What is functional safety manual?
- 7 What is a quality manual in a laboratory?
- 7.1 What is a CLIA manual?
- 7.2 What book describes the necessary steps to follow in patient preparation?
- 7.3 What are the things included in a procedure manual that is used in a laboratory?
- 7.4 What are the steps you should perform before starting a lab?
Which manual describes the necessary steps to follow in patient preparation for laboratory tests?QuestionAnswer Early equipment used for bloodletting included all of the following EXCEPT the hemostat The factor that contributes to the phlebotomist’s professional image is attitude The initials for title granted after successful completion of the American Society for Clinical Pathology phlebotomy examination are PBT (phlebotomy technician) The principles of right and wrong conduct as they apply to professional problems are called ethics The law that established national standards for the electronic exchange of protected health information is HIPPA Which of the following may be a duty of the phlebotomist? Perform POCT (point of care testing) Which of the following is an example of proxemics? zone of comfort Which of the following is proper telephone technique? being careful of the tone of your voice when answering the phone. An institution that provides inpatient services is a hospital State and federally funded insurance is called Medicaid The specialty that treats disorder of old age is called gerontology The department in the hospital that prepares and dispenses drugs is pharmacy The microbiology department in the laboratory performs culture and sensitivity testing The abbreviation for the routine hematology test that includes hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood count, and white blood count determinations is CBC (complete blood count) Which of the following laboratory professionals is specified by CLIA as responsible for the administration of a specific clinical area, such as chemistry? Technical supervisor Which of the following is the oldest and largest healthcare standards-setting body in the nation? The Joint Commission The CLIA federal regulations are administered CMS (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid services) Which of the following are set up to monitor all areas of care that tend to cause problems? Quality indicators Proper patient identification means actively involving patients in their own identification What manual describes the necessary steps to follow in patient preparation for laboratory test? The Test Catalog Which of the following can identify trends for risk management? Test menus Informed consent means that a patient agrees to a procedure after being told of the consequence associated with it. A national organization that develops guidelines and sets standards for laboratory procedures is CLSI. A physician is sued for negligence due to the actions of an inexperienced, contracted phlebotomist hired to cover summer vacations. This is an example of vicarious liability. A young adult comes to an outpatient lab to have his blood drawn. The phlebotomist refuses to draw this patient’s blood because the patient has not reached the age of majority in the state. The NPSGs are TJC’s annual safety requirement goals. A delta check refers to comparing current test results with previous one. Blood culture contamination is a quality indicator for the Microbiology Department. Failure to exercise “due care” is negligence. The statute of limitations timing can begin on the day the negligent act took place. Which of the following situations involves an HAI? (Healthcare-associated infection) A patient in ICU has an incision that becomes infected Reverse isolation may be used for a patient with severe burns The single most important means of preventing the spread of infection is proper hand antisepsis The most frequently occurring lab-acquired infection is hepatitis B To destroy transient microorganisms when washing hands, use antiseptic soap In the event of a body fluid splash to the eyes, the victim should immediately flush eyes with water for 10 minutes Which of the following items is PPE? Nonlatex gloves Which of the following examples of potential exposure to blood-borne pathogens involves a parenteral route of transmission? Rubbing the eyes while processing specimens Surfaces in the specimen collection and processing area should be cleaned with 1:10 bleach solution Which of the following is a proper way to clean up a small blood spill that has dried on a countertop? Moisten it with a disinfectant and carefully absorb it with a paper towel. Distance, time, and shielding are principles of radiation safety. Safe working conditions are mandated by OSHA. A globally harmonized signal work signifies severity of a hazard faced. According to the HAI prevalence surveys the most common pathogen is Clostridium difficile. When exiting an isolation room, this item of PPE must be removed outside the room. Respirator Which part of gastr/o/enter/o/logy is the suffix? (gastroenterology) logy Which on of the following organizations writes guidelines for laboratory practices? CLSI (Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute) What does the suffix -algia mean? pain The plural form of atrium is atria The medical term for red blood cell is erythrocyte cystitis means inflammation of the bladder The “e” is pronounced separately in D. all of the above diastole, syncope, systole The abbreviation NPO means nothing by mouth Which of the following abbreviations is on the Joint Commission “Do Not Use’ list? IU (International Unit) A prefix comes before a word root and modifies its meaning.
What is a national organization that develops guidelines and sets standards for laboratory and phlebotomy procedures?
Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute : CLSI Guidelines.
Which of the following is the responsibility of the phlebotomist?
Frequently asked questions – What does a Phlebotomist do? Phlebotomists take blood samples from patients and properly label them with their information lab test orders from doctors to do the tests correctly at any medical facility in America. What are the duties and responsibilities of a Phlebotomist? The Phlebotomist’s primary concern is properly extracting blood from patients.
- Following that task, they accurately label the samples to send them to medical centers for testing.
- What makes a good Phlebotomist? A good Phlebotomist helps their patients feel at ease before getting their blood drawn.
- They’ll answer any questions or concerns that arise and thoroughly go over everything with the patient to ensure nothing goes wrong during the procedure.
Who does a Phlebotomist work with? Phlebotomists work in clinical laboratories, hospitals and community health centers. A Healthcare Administrator usually supervises them to follow the best blood donation procedures. : Phlebotomist job description
What is the oldest and largest healthcare standard?
History of The Joint Commission Founded in 1951, The Joint Commission seeks to continuously improve health care for the public, in collaboration with other stakeholders, by evaluating health care organizations and inspiring them to excel in providing safe and effective care of the highest quality and value.
- The Joint Commission evaluates and accredits more than 22,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States.
- An independent, not-for-profit organization, The Joint Commission is the nation’s oldest and largest standards-setting and accrediting body in health care.
- To earn and maintain The Gold Seal of Approval ® from The Joint Commission an organization must undergo an on-site survey by a Joint Commission survey team at least every three years.
(Laboratories must be surveyed every two years.) For our comprehensive history from 1910 through 2022, see, : History of The Joint Commission
What is in a laboratory safety manual?
Topics covered include worker and supervisor responsibilities, control measures to avoid exposures to chemical and physical hazards, procedures and personal protective equipment. Laboratory equipment must be inspected and maintained.
What is a laboratory procedure manual?
Preparing a Procedure Manual A well-prepared procedure manual provides a foundation for the lab’s quality assurance program. Its purpose is to ensure consistency while striving for quality. The procedure manual may be used to:
Document how tests are performed Train new personnel Remind personnel of how to perform infrequently ordered tests Troubleshoot testing problems Measure acceptable test performance when evaluating staff
The procedure manual should be written at a level that everyone in the laboratory can understand. It must be useful, clear to the user, and available at the bench/work area. All testing personnel should be required to read the entire procedure manual. It is advisable to include a page at the front of the manual where personnel can “sign-off” when they have read the manual.
The lab’s QA plan Specimen collection Specimen labeling Form completion Panic value list Guidelines for releasing results
Who sets CLSI standards?
Volunteering – CLSI’s standards are developed and written by volunteer committees of leading experts from around the world. You can get involved today.
What organization sets laboratory standards and guidelines?
What organization sets laboratory standards and guidelines? Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute sets laboratory standards and guidelines.
Which agencies make recommendations and or establish rules of lab safety?
Additional OSHA standards provide rules that protect workers in laboratories from chemical hazards as well as biological, physical and safety hazards. For hazards that are not covered by a specific OSHA standard, OSHA often provides guidance on protecting workers from these hazards.
What are at least three duties and responsibilities of a phlebotomist?
Phlebotomist Responsibilities: Extracting blood from patients through venipuncture or fingersticks. Analyzing blood specimens using the correct testing equipment, when necessary. Preparing specimens for transportation, including labeling vials accurately and matching blood specimens to patients.
Which phase of laboratory workflow is phlebotomy in?
The preanalytical phase is everything that occurs prior to the actual performance of the test. The phlebotomist is critical in ensuring quality sample collection for blood specimens.
What is the definition of a phlebotomist?
What is a phlebotomist? – A phlebotomist is a medical professional who is trained to perform blood draws on children and adults. They collect and prepare blood for testing so it can be analyzed in a medical laboratory. They also collect blood for donation, Phlebotomists are trained to collect blood samples through:
Venipuncture (a puncture in your vein). Finger pricks, such as for blood sugar tests or to determine blood type, Heel pricks, which are specifically for infants.
Blood tests are used to screen for, diagnose and monitor health conditions. They’re very common and an essential part of medical testing. While other medical professionals, such as nurses, are also trained to draw blood, this is the main part of a phlebotomist’s job. “Phlebotomy” comes from the Greek words “phleb-” and “-tomia,” which mean “vein” and “cutting,” respectively.
Which country has the oldest national health care system?
Germany – Chancellor Otto von Bismarck’s Health Insurance Act of 1883 established the first social health insurance system in the world. At the beginning, health insurance coverage was restricted to blue-collar workers. In 1885, 10 percent of the population was insured and entitled to cash benefits in case of illness (50% of wages for a maximum of 13 weeks), death, or childbirth.
- While initially limited, coverage gradually expanded.
- The final step toward universal health coverage occurred in 2007, when health insurance, either statutory or private, was mandated for all citizens and permanent residents.
- Today’s system provides coverage for the entire population, along with a generous benefit package.
Health insurance is provided by two subsystems: statutory health insurance (SHI), consisting of competing, not-for-profit, nongovernmental health insurance plans known as sickness funds; and private health insurance. Long-term care services are covered separately under Germany’s mandatory, statutory long-term care insurance (LTCI).
What is the largest integrated health care system?
VHA Leadership – The Under Secretary for Health directs a health care system with an annual budget of approximately $68 billion, overseeing the delivery of care to more than 9 million enrolled Veterans. VA, the nation’s largest health care system, employs more than 371,000 health care professionals and support staff at 1,298 health care facilities, including 171 VA Medical Centers and 1,113 outpatient sites of care of varying complexity (VHA outpatient clinics).
What is the oldest health system in the world?
Discover the oldest surviving medical system in the world: Ayurveda Ayurveda is an ancient Indian medical system which has survived since the beginning of antiquity when man discovered that nature had a solution to his problems by the first herb he used to treat himself.
The core question that comes in the mind is how a system survive so long ? Does it not need to update itself? The answer lies in the fact that Ayurvedic principles are universal in nature. They follow the law of nature. Ayurveda principles are based on 5 elements like pritvi, jala ap tejo, vayu, akasha.
These elements are said to be pervading the entire universe. Since man is also part of the universe he is also said to be made up of the same. The different personalities of persons that we encounter are due to subtle variations in the combination of these five elements over a period of time by evolution and environment.
- The core principles of Ayurveda is based on various darshanic philosophies.
- The body is said to be made up of three bio energies or tridosha.
- The are vata, pitta and kapha.
- Vata is equated with Lord Brahma since he does not have any shape or form but is primarily responsible for the creation of all diseases as he is the only motile bio element whereas the other two elements are carried by vata.
Pitta is the fiery element which is compared to Lord Shiva responsible for all metabolic functions like digestion, thermodynamics, vision etc where Kapha is Lord Vishnu which helps in nourishment and vigour. The principle of good health in Ayurveda is in the balance of the bodily elements which lead to health.
Imbalance of the same leads to diseases. The ultimate goal of Ayurveda is to restore the imbalanced bodily elements and bring them back to normalcy. The far you avoid the principles of Ayurveda by improper food habits, contraindicated lifestyle, untimely sleep, leads to an imbalance in the bodily state which tend to accumulate over a period of time and year.
Thus the best thing is to follow Ayurveda since birth and follow a life of harmony. To treat this imbalance Ayurveda uses various ways to restore harmony which can be the use of simple herbs or combination of herbs, in severe accumulation a detox by panchakarma followed by a set of dietetic rules and restrictions for the balance.
Ayurveda written references can be traced back to Rig Veda where various drugs are described like soma – the elixir drug. Before the Vedic period, Ayurveda used to exist as an oral tradition. It was organised and documented by ancient greats like Charaka, Sushruta and Vagbhata. The greatness of Charaka Samhita lies in the fact that it was translated into 50 languages worldwide and became the source of medicine in Arab, Greek, Persia and Mesopotamia.
The text is still studied by thousands of scholars each day and still, we are able to get new knowledge each day. Such is the greatness of the text which is collective documentation of generation of Ayurvedic experience. Sushruta Samhita is a principal text of surgery which has documentation of fractures, craniotomy and rhinoplasty.
- It has also described the marma or the vital points of the body.
- Ashyapa Samhita is the core text of Ayurvedic paediatrics.
- Ayurveda has eight branches since ancient times.
- They are kaya Chikitsa( Medicine), Bala Chikitsa (Pediatrics), Graha Chikitsa(Psychiatry), Urdhvanga chikitsa(ENT and Opthalmology), Shalya(Surgery) Damstra(Toxicology), Jara ( Geriatrics), Vrisha(Sexology and Rejuvenation).
There were Vario’s schools that specialized in the same. Although it prevents all over India and the world, Kerala is the state which is now the epicentre of worlds Ayurveda industry with world class Ayurveda hospitals and Medical Colleges. Tourists from all over the world come to Kerala to experience Ayurveda.
- Erala has good promotions with the tourism department in promoting Ayurveda.
- Ayurveda is currently regulated by the Ministry of AYUSH and Central Council of Indian Medicine.
- The premium institutions in Ayurveda are the National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur and All India Institute of Ayurveda in New Delhi.
Students learn Ayurveda with modern updates in Medical Sciences like Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Medicine, Surgery thus the Ayurveda graduates are able to be updated in latest Scientific development and are competent in the present era. Ayurveda has very good management for a wide variety of conditions like anxiety, stress, depression, NCD like diabetes, hypertension etc.
- Communicable diseases, arthritis, liver diseases, immune compromised diseases and autoimmune diseases.
- Thus Ayurveda is a medical system that is not only curative based but also aims at health promotion, disease prevention and rehabilitation.
- It is thus a very complete medical system.
- The need of the hour is to understand the efficacy of our traditional medicines like Ayurveda and propagate to the people.
: Discover the oldest surviving medical system in the world: Ayurveda
What is functional safety manual?
Safety Manual table of contents – The safety manual is a document designed to provide all relevant information on Functional Safety with the aim of maintaining the reliability and the safety performance of the device over time. Therefore, the safety manual has a fundamental importance, since it constitutes, together with the Functional Safety Assessment report, the documentation that certifies the conformity of a product with the IEC 61508: 1-7 standard, as well as the SIL level that can be reached.
What is the laboratory safety standard?
The purpose of the Laboratory standard is to en- sure that workers in non-production laboratories are informed about the hazards of chemicals in their workplace and are protected from chemical exposures exceeding allowable levels as specified in Table Z of the Air
What is a manual safety data sheet?
Safety data sheets provide useful information on chemicals, describing the hazards the chemical presents, and giving information on handling, storage and emergency measures in case of an accident.
What is a quality manual in a laboratory?
The quality manual is a document which fully describes the quality management system of an organization. It is key to the process, serving as a guide for the entire system. The manual will clearly lay out the quality policies, and will describe the structure of the other laboratory documents.
What is a procedure manual?
A procedure manual is a resource for employees that establishes guidelines and protocols for all major decisions, actions, policies, and principles of an organization. It outlines action-oriented procedures that help improve the effectiveness, efficiency, and communication of your business processes.
What is a CLIA manual?
CLIA is the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988. It is an amendment to the original Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act of 1967. The purpose of CLIA ’88 is to provide site- neutral quality (accuracy, reliability, and timeliness) of patient testing results.
What book describes the necessary steps to follow in patient preparation?
What book describes the necessary steps to follow in patient preparation? The Specimen Collection Manual.
What are the things included in a procedure manual that is used in a laboratory?
4.1 Supplies – One of the sets of laboratory logbooks should provide information on: the reagents, test kits, laboratory equipment (including brand names), the expiry dates of reagents and test kits, storage conditions, batch or lot numbers, specification sheets, and the relevant re-ordering arrangements (for example, when, how much, and by and through whom).
- A checklist of itemized activities is important to avoid irregular supplies or shortage of reagents and test kits.
- Regular, at least monthly, inventories and appropriate documentation of all supplies can help to keep track of expiry dates and check on pilferage.
- Supplies and reagents that have passed their expiry date should never be used.
To avoid this happening, a ‘first in first out’ system should be used for issuing reagents and supplies, i.e. the reagents or test kits that are closest to their expiry date should always be issued before the ones that are further from their expiry date.
What are the steps to follow while receiving sample in lab?
Distribution of samples to other laboratories for testing Check that there is adequate sample for testing. Place sample in Biohazard specimen bag and seal. Take samples to the appropriate laboratory. Obtain signature of person receiving the specimen on the original specimen request form.
What are the steps you should perform before starting a lab?
Plan Your Work –
Before conducting any experiment, you should access the hazards related to the work, including; what are the worst possible things that could go wrong, how to deal with them, and what are the prudent practices, protective facilities and equipment necessary to minimize the risk of exposure to the hazards. Always know the hazards of the materials used (e.g., corrosivity, flammability, reactivity, and toxicity). Use the Project Hazard Review Checklist (in Adobe PDF format) to help you with this assessment. Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for information on all chemicals you plan to use. Make sure all Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is on hand. Use the MSDS or Personal Protective Equipment Selection Guide (in Adobe PDF format) to select the needed equipment. Post a sign on the door to notify others of the lab hazards and list emergency contact numbers. Inspect equipment and apparatus for weaknesses, cracks or damage before beginning work. Inspect electrical equipment and cords for frayed wiring or damage before use. Discard or repair damaged equipment before use.