Expert-Verified Answer Fire wall is one of which is a safety measure in banking network.
- 1 Why are safety measures important?
- 2 What are safety 1 and safety 2 concepts?
- 3 What is a 3 point safety?
What is safety measures in ICT?
Safety Measures include: – (i) Good Sitting Posture The sitting posture of the user of the computer should be comfortable so that backache, neck pains, wrist injuries and eye strain will be reduced to the barest level. The sitting posture should allow one to sit with both feet on the floor, and thighs at right angles to the body.
- The chair should be adjustable to support the lower back while the forearms should be kept parallel to the floor.
- The eye level should be straight to the screen while keeping the wrist and hands relaxed as one types on the keyboard.
- Ii) Use of Anti-glare Protector The use of an anti-glare protector helps protect the eyes against radioactive rays coming from the computer monitor.
It is important to keep a distance of two feet between the eyes and the monitor when working on the computer. It is also very important to blink the eye regularly if one is working on a colour monitor. (iii) Proper Positioning of Monitor Base The monitor should be well positioned for it to stand very well and also to give room for it to be adjusted sideways, up or down while it is being used.
Iv) Illuminating the Computer Room The computer room should be well lit with fluorescent light. This is to enable one to see very well the things that are been done on the computer. It will also remove eye strains from the user on the computer monitor. (v) Maintaining a Dust-free Environment Computers are very sensitive electronic machines.
They can easily get damaged by dust, moisture and temperature, hence the need to ensure that the environment where the computer is kept and used is dust-free. Computer laboratory floors should be made with floor tiles and not a rug. The window should be airtight and air-conditioned.
What is used to measure safety?
How is safety performance measured? – Safety performance can be measured in a number of ways, usually through a combination of lag (output) and lead (input) indicators.
Lag indicators ? measure outcomes after an incident (e.g. incident rate, lost time work injury), and is effectively a measure of past results Lead indicators ? measure activities to prevent or reduce the severity of an incident in the present or future (e.g. safety training, safety audits).
Why are safety measures important?
Prevent Unnecessary Injuries and Illness – Following guidelines keeps employees healthy and protects their well-being. They can perform their jobs more effectively, and be confident that they don’t have to worry about being injured or suffering from an illness. This creates a more positive atmosphere and everyone can be more comfortable at work.
How do you measure risk of safety?
How do you measure risk? – Risk = Likelihood x Severity. Let’s go back to our definition of risk. A health and safety risk is the chance (likelihood) that somebody could get harmed (severity) by a hazard. It’s important to consider both likelihood and severity when measuring health and safety risks.
- A common mistake could be to think, how likely is it that someone could be harmed? But imagine if you had two risks, and they both had the same high chance that harm would occur.
- The risk level for both would be high if you only consider the chance (or likelihood) of the harm occurring.
- But what if in one the harm was dry skin, and in the other the harm was fatal.
Are both these risks the same? If you only consider the chance of the harm occurring when calculating the risk level, you would consider both of those examples as high risk. But really, only one is. That’s why when assessing risk, you need to consider both the likelihood (the chance) and the severity (the type of harm).
- And back to our earlier example of “working at height is a risk”,
- Now we know the formula for measuring risk, we can provide more information about the risk.
- If there was no barrier, the risk could be “someone could easily fall (likelihood) and the fall could kill them (severity)”,
- Now you know the risk and can do something about it.
Once you measure risk, you need to control it. Find out more in the hierarchy of risk control, If risk = likelihood x severity, then you need to know what the likelihood and severity levels are to get the risk. How do you do that? Accident statistics and industry guidance can help you.
What is safety measures in industry?
Safety Measures for Workers Working in Industries Safety Measures for Workers Working in Industries! The term safety measures means the provision of devices, equipment or other methods which ensure safety e.g. presence of guard endorsing a rotating part of a machine, and fire extinguishers etc.
What are two safety equipment?
Overview – Related Safety and Health Topics Pages What is personal protective equipment? Personal protective equipment, commonly referred to as “PPE”, is equipment worn to minimize exposure to hazards that cause serious workplace injuries and illnesses.
- These injuries and illnesses may result from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards.
- Personal protective equipment may include items such as gloves, safety glasses and shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, respirators, or coveralls, vests and full body suits.
What can be done to ensure proper use of personal protective equipment? All personal protective equipment should be safely designed and constructed, and should be maintained in a clean and reliable fashion. It should fit comfortably, encouraging worker use.
If the personal protective equipment does not fit properly, it can make the difference between being safely covered or dangerously exposed. When engineering, work practice, and administrative controls are not feasible or do not provide sufficient protection, employers must provide personal protective equipment to their workers and ensure its proper use.
Employers are also required to train each worker required to use personal protective equipment to know:
When it is necessary What kind is necessary How to properly put it on, adjust, wear and take it off The limitations of the equipment Proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal of the equipment
If PPE is to be used, a PPE program should be implemented. This program should address the hazards present; the selection, maintenance, and use of PPE; the training of employees; and monitoring of the program to ensure its ongoing effectiveness.
What are safety 1 and safety 2 concepts?
The traditional thinking about safety has reached some notable landmarks, but the constantly renewed list of unexpected incidents at sea comes to underline a need for a change in safety perception, unveiling there could be more than the traditional ways of ‘doing safety’.
– A 2013 white paper by Professors Erik Hollnagel, Robert L Wears and Jeffrey Braithwaite came to redefine the way we see safety with the introduction of a new definition at the scope: The ‘Safety II’ concept argues that we should stop focusing only on how to stop things from going wrong but emphasize on why things go right instead.
The ‘Safety-II’ perspective acts as an evolutionary complement of the conventional safety thinking, referred as ‘Safety I’. Safety I takes accidents as the focus point and tries to prevent bad things from occurring, while Safety-II is emphasizing on ensuring that as much as possible goes right, expanding much more than the area of incident prevention and promoting a real safety management over a simple risk assessment.
- In a more simplified way, the new safety concept comes to dislodge the interest from ‘what goes wrong’ to ‘what goes right’, reminding that safety management should not only be reactive, but proactive as well.
- An accident investigation under the scope of Safety-I is to identify the causes of adverse outcomes, while risk assessment aims to determine their likelihood.
On the contrary, accident investigations under Safety-II seek to understand how things usually go right, as this forms the basis for explaining how things go wrong, while risk assessment aims ‘to understand the conditions where performance variability can become difficult to control’.
|Safety I||Safety II|
|Learn from our errors||Learn from our successes|
|Safety defined by absence||Safety defined by presence|
|Reactive approach||Proactive approach|
|Understand what goes wrong||Understand what goes right|
|Accident causation||Repeat what goes right|
|Avoid errors||Enforce successful behaviors|
|Reduce losses||Create new process on successful behaviour|
Challenges ahead But what makes the transition to Safety II necessary? Continuously disruptive technology, which makes navigation much more complex than it used to be, could be enough, but this is not the only answer. In ‘Safety II’, humans are seen as a resource necessary for flexibility and resilience.
- But in an era where human error is attributed to the majority of maritime casualties, the view of humans as a safeguard and not a liability will be the foremost challenge.
- In this respect, a starting point for organizations interested in Safety II is to emphasize on enhancing their employees’ resilience, as the ability to monitor things and handle situations.
The way forward for a change of mentality seems long in an industry which has traditionally learned to shed focus on near miss reporting, but not on positive reporting, to claim liability but care less on praising exceptionally good performance. A Safety-II approach assumes that everyday performance variability provides the adaptations that are needed to respond to varying conditions, and hence is the reason why things go right.
What is a 3 point safety?
Three points of contact rule – The three points of contact rule is simple. When climbing or descending ladders, trucks and equipment, always maintain contact with one hand and two feet, or two hands and one foot. If you maintain three points of contact while you climb, you can limit your exposure to slips and falls.
What are the three safety measures in using ICT tools?
Page 15 – CLOUDCOM SERIES: ICT HAND-OUT FOR J.H.S 1 Basic HTML Version
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Page 15 – CLOUDCOM SERIES: ICT HAND-OUT FOR J.H.S 1 P.15 Continuous use of i.c.t tools like computer, mobile phones television and others can cause lots of health problems to the user. Health hazards Associated with Long Term Exposure to I.C.T Tools Television: long exposure to television may affect your sight or vision.
- The light rays from the television can cause tiredness or irritation in the eyes and headache.
- Public address system: its high volume damage the ear which prevent hearing.
- Mobile phone; long exposure to mobile phone use can cause eye cancer due to high radiation from loudening tones.
- Leading to hearing impairment.
Computer; long stay in front of computer can cause visual impairment and also cause backache and waist pain. Radio; high volume damages ear mechanism leading to hearing impairment. X- rays; long term exposure to scanning machines, ultra- sound equipment and others can kill some cells and can also cause cancer.
CAUSES OF THE PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH LONG EXPOSURE TO I.C.T TOOLS 1. Sitting closure to i.c.t tools such as Television, computer etc.2. Poor work station setup.3. Sitting in the same position for a very long time.4. Sitting on chair which does not have a good lower back support.5. Constant repetition motion and long working hours.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR THE USE OF COMPUTER AND I.C.T Tools.1. Adopt correct sitting position 2. Take regular break from working on your computer.3. Position monitor to avoid glare ( not directly in front of the window) 4. Blink your eye anytime when you are using the computer.5.
Repairs monitors whose pictures cannot be seen properly.6. Use screen shield or filters for monitors.7. Use UPS and other electricity guards. UPS means uninterrupted power supply.8. Do not use damage socket. IN THE USE OF I.C.T TOOLS I. Avoid answering calls when charging phone. II. Do not over load socket III.
Avoid over staying in front of television.
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What is an example of safety issue in ICT?
You wouldn’t imagine that using computers could be dangerous, but there are a few situations that can result in accidents. Computer equipment is often connected to lots of cables : power, network, etc. If these cables are laying on the floor, they can cause people to trip over them Solution: Place cables inside cable ducts, or under the carpet / flooring If any liquids are spilt on electrical equipment, such a s a computer, it can result in damage to the equipment, or an electric shock to the user. Solution: Keep drinks and food away from computers Plugging too many power cables into a socket can result in the socket being overloaded, overheating, and a fire starting, Solution: Never plug too many cables into a socket. Always make sure there are fire extinguishers nearby Many items of computer equipment are very heavy : CRT monitors, laser printers, etc. Heavy items can cause serious injury if they fall on people. Solution: Make sure equipment is placed on strong tables / shelves