How many DGMS zones are there in India?

The area of jurisdiction of DGMS covering the entire country is divided into 8 zones, each under the charge of a Deputy Director- General.

What do you mean by DGMS?

Directorate General of Mines Safety (DGMS) | Ministry of Labour & Employment|Government of India Directorate General of Mines Safety, DGMS in short, is the Regulatory Agency under the Ministry of labour and employment, Government of India in matters pertaining to occupational safety, health and welfare of persons employed in mines (Coal, Metalliferous and oil-mines).

The organization has its headquarters at Dhanbad (Jharkhand) and is headed by Director-General of Mines Safety. Under the Constitution of India, safety, welfare and health of workers employed in mines are the concern of the Central Government (Entry 55-Union List-Article 246). The objective is regulated by the Mines Act, 1952 and the Rules and Regulations framed there under.

These are administered by the Directorate-General of Mines Safety (DGMS), under the Union Ministry of Labour & Employment.

Which is the largest mining group in India?

Let’s have a look at the Top 10 Best Mining Company In India in 2023 – – 1. NMDC Ltd. The leading mining company in India is NMDC Ltd. As the National Mineral Development Corporation, it was founded in 1958. It now works for the Ministry of Steel and has evolved into the mining firm over time. Iron ore, copper, rock phosphate, limestone, dolomite, gypsum, bentonite, magnesia, diamond, tin, tungsten, graphite, and silicon from beach sands are just a few of the many minerals that NMDC is exploring around the nation.

  • The sole largest producer of iron ore in India is NMDC.
  • In a year, it produces more than 30 tonnes of iron ore from three completely automated mines.
  • In India, NMDC Ltd has made an important contribution to the development and mining of natural resources.
  • It was designated a “Navratna” corporation by the Indian government in 2008, a classification made to public sector companies of significant national and economic value.

In addition to being the largest miner in India, NMDC Ltd also exports massive amounts of metal ores to other countries through bilateral trade agreements between the governments of India and those nations as well as private international corporations.2. Hindalco Industries Limited, formerly called Hindustan Aluminum Company, is the flagship company of India’s largest conglomerate, the Aditya Birla Group. The business, which is the nation’s top in the mining of copper and aluminium, has an annual revenue of more than US$18 billion.

  • Additionally, Hindalco runs the world’s biggest rolling company for aluminium.
  • Hindalco is also Asia’s top producer of primary aluminium, which is a special distinction.
  • The copper production facility owned by Hindalco is one of the biggest bespoke smelters in the world.
  • Bauxite, coal, and other minerals used by power companies and other Indian businesses are also mined by Hindalco.

Hindalco is an important producer of aluminium in the world, with operations in 10 nations. Birla Copper, a branch of the corporation, manufactures continuous cast copper rods and copper cathodes in addition to other by-products like gold, silver, and DAP fertilisers. In India, Vedanta Limited is involved in the mining of iron ore, copper, zinc, lead, silver, and aluminium. The largest and second-largest zinc mining companies in the world, Vedanta Limited controls approximately 78 percent of India’s main zinc industry.

With an ability of more than 600 tonnes per year, it’s additionally one of the top 10 silver producers in the world. Hindustan Zinc Limited is 64.9 percent owned by Vedanta, With an ability of 2.3 million tonnes annually, the firm is the biggest producer of aluminium in India. It controls a 40% portion of the domestic aluminium market.

Vedanta ships a lot of iron ore from Goa to China and Japan in addition to supplying the domestic market. Sesa Goa Iron Ore, a Vedanta Group firm, was established in and is currently one of India’s leading low-cost iron ore producers. In addition, Vedanta Ltd runs one of India’s biggest bespoke copper smelters.4. The largest miner and manufacturer of industrial grade coal, used as fuel in thermal power plants and other purposes, is Coal India Ltd. It is a government-owned company in the public sector in India. It was founded in 1975 as a tiny firm with a 79 million tonne annual coal mining capability.

The government has designated CIL as one of the “Maharatna” enterprises because of its economic importance to India and the national economy.82 mining locations make up Coal India Ltd. Seven fully owned coal mining subsidiaries and one mining planning and consulting company make up the corporation. CIL has operations in eight states of India.200 more enterprises, comprising workshops, hospitals, and other institutions, are also managed by CIL.

It owns 102 Vocational Training Institute Centers and 26 Technical and Management Training Institutes. The only educational facility of this type in India, the Indian Institute of Coal Management, is also run by CIL.5. Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. A highly important mining firm in India that is owned by the government is called Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. The Uranium and other rare necessary minerals for supporting India’s military and civilian nuclear programmes are being explored and mined by UCIL.

It’s crucial for the country’s nuclear energy production and provides the uranium and other necessary minerals for defence. UCIL runs a number of mines around India, including six in Jharkhand, one in Andhra Pradesh, one in each of Karnataka, Telangana, and Meghalaya, as well as one in each of those three states.

This business has helped India become self-sufficient in the need for uranium for Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors, which are used for producing, for example, electricity among certain other things. Directly reporting to the Department of Atomic Energy is UCIL. A large-scale mining corporation in India is GMDC Ltd. It is a state government of Gujarat business. One of the most successful mining firms in India is GMDC Ltd. It is active in initiatives to generate limestone, lignite, bauxite, fluorspar, manganese, silica, and ball clay.

GMDC Ltd. has also entered the power generation business. Additionally, GMDC Ltd. is recognised as one of India’s greenest mining businesses. As part of their corporate social responsibility, its staff put in a lot of time cleaning up regions close to mines and reducing any negative effects of pollution brought on by the business’ operations.

Because of the prominent contribution it makes to the Indian economy and the creation of jobs for skilled workers in Gujarat, GMDC Ltd. has received a number of national honours from the Central government.7. MOIL Manganese Ore India Ltd. is called MOIL. It is India’s top source of manganese ore production. Due to its importance to India’s economy, MOIL was awarded the title of “Miniratna” corporation. It was founded in 1962 and has its headquarters in Nagpur, Maharashtra.

It is one of the country’s mining industry’s pioneers. The Central Provinces Manganese Ore Company Limited (CPMO), a British Company incorporated in the UK, was the original name of the business when it was founded in 1896 as Central Province Prospecting Syndicate. Later on, the Indian government took control of it.

Both the federal government and the state governments of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra have stakes in MOIL. MOIL is ranked 486th among Indian Fortune 500 businesses. About 16 mines for the production of manganese ore are run by MOIL in Maharashtra and the neighbouring Madhya Pradesh. Mining firm Indian Rare Earths Ltd. is distinctive. This premier mining corporation in India explores and cultivates the rarest minerals there, as the name would imply. These are referred to as heavy minerals and include, among others, ilmenite, zircon, rutile, silimanite, and garnet.

Additionally, 10,000 tonnes of monazite and more than 11,220 tonnes of rare earth chloride are produced annually by Indian Rare Earths. For both military and civilian purposes, India greatly values these minerals. Due to the company’s activity in the highly specialised sector of rare minerals, few people are familiar with it.

On August 18, 1950, Indian Rare Earths Limited was founded. The Department of Atomic Energy has administrative authority over how it runs (DAE). One of India’s major mining corporations is Indian Rare Earths Ltd. Few other countries are capable of mining and producing rare materials.9. Mining firm FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. works for the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. It is India’s largest mining firm and a producer of gypsum for both industrial and agricultural uses. This business has been supplying gypsum to cement factories and several World Bank-funded land development projects in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh since 2003.

FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. has been providing the Indian government fertiliser factory in Sindri, close to Dhanbad, with high-grade gypsum for over 60 years. Near the cities of Barmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, and Suratgarh, in Rajasthan, FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. conducts mining operations.

This corporation operates all of its mines in accordance with global environmental protection standards. The corporation makes sure that none of its operations will pollute the areas close to mines. Formerly a division of Food Corporation of India Ltd., FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals (India) Ltd. Owner and exporter of a bentonite mining operation is Ashapura Minechem. The main goods produced by the business include iron ore, bentonite, bauxite, kaolin, other minerals, value-added items, and others. It operates in various industries, including the market for derivatives and bulk minerals for industrial use.

The company sells bentonite products that are used for drilling, metal casting, and construction. They provide activated bauxite for the purification of transformer oil and lubricants. There are minerals like barytes, kaolin, and attapulgite. The company’s other products include calcined bauxite, geosynthetic clay liners (GCL), clay catalysts, and bleaching clay.

Over 45 million tonnes of sodium and calcium bentonite reserves are positioned all around the country. The company has a variety of activations, milling, and processing places all throughout India. The company’s interests include Antwerp, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Nigeria, and Malaysia.

  1. In order to establish the Alumina Refinery Project, the company established Ashapura Aluminium Ltd, a fully owned subsidiary, in collaboration with China Aluminium International Engineering Company Ltd.
  2. Both the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and the Ministry of Environment and Forests have given their approval.

The company has built two export-focused operations for bauxite and bentonite in Jamnagar and Baraya, respectively. Challenges for India’s Mining Sector In comparison to large mining nations like China, the United States, Australia, Brazil, and Chile, the mining sector in India contributes a small amount to GDP.

In addition, compared to other mining nations, India’s mining sector has grown far more slowly in recent years. Due to the mining sector’s slower development than the GDP over the past ten years, its contribution to India’s GDP fell from 1.2% to 1%. Economies like those of China, Brazil, Australia, and the United States, in contrast, have increased their involvement as a result of the mining industries’ explosive expansion.

India now has a low policy potential index score and a low mineral potential score, making it an unfavourable location for mining investment. On a composite basis, India is ranked 59th out of 96 mining countries. In comparison to other mining nations, India lags behind in every level of the mining process.

Driving efforts at all stages is necessary for the overall development of the mining industry. The Geological Survey of India (GSI) is leading the generation of baseline data to support exploratory operations, but this process is far from finished. Compared to 90% of Australia’s entire area covered since 1990, just 18% of India’s total land has been covered by an aeromagnetic survey.

India is knowledgeable about geology at a scale of 1:50,000 that covers 98% of the nation’s entire area. Geophysical and geochemical data, however, are lacking (coverage is about 2 to 4%, against 90 to 100% in Australia). For the purpose of promoting exploratory activity by both major and minor mining companies, GSI may concentrate on the generation of baseline data.

  • India has historically spent less on exploration than other mining economies.
  • Only 0.4% of the global exploration budget comes from India.
  • Only 11 businesses have exploratory activity scheduled in India.
  • In order to sustain reserve development in pace with production, India must raise its exploration expenditure.
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Due to operational inefficiencies and murky land records, the EC/FC process takes longer. Additionally, businesses should seek clearances from numerous agencies of state, which take longer when there are no set deadlines. Currently, obtaining a mining lease or prospecting lease permit in India takes at least five years.

  • This is significantly longer than the processing period in other mining regions; in Canada and Australia, for example, it takes less than two months.
  • Applications for new rights may be put off by extended processing times.
  • With aims of less than 3 months as their processing length, the majority of countries have been reducing their processing periods.

Currently, obtaining a mining lease or prospecting lease permit in India takes at least five years. This is significantly longer than the processing period in other mining regions; in Canada and Australia, for example, it takes less than two months. Applications for new rights may be put off by time-consuming processing timeframes.

With aims of less than 3 months as their processing length, the majority of countries have been reducing their processing periods. For sustainable development, mine closure is a crucial sector that needs to be enforced by regulatory measures. The financial guarantee for mine closure in India is now relatively low and does not punish defaulters enough.

Companies must pay a significant portion of the mine closure costs upfront as financial security in Western Australia and Canada (70% in Western Australia). Road Ahead There is a sizable potential for new mining operations in the iron ore, bauxite, and coal sectors, as well as sizable potential for subsurface deposit discoveries in the future.

How many landmines are in India?

From the India Today archives (2004) | Living under the shadow of landmines (NOTE: This is a reprint of an article that was published in the INDIA TODAY edition dated December 6, 2004) For Ram Chandra Sharma, 27, landmines are not part of wartime tales but a ubiquitous danger, very real and near. A resident of Daulatpura village on the border with Pakistan in Rajasthan’s Sri Ganganagar district, he has seen four village people blown into pieces and another six maimed for life by mines.

Anxious about the lurking threat, Sharma, a tailor by profession, got his small field, 100 km from Daulatpura, cleared of all mines by the army. Assured of safety, last month he visited his field with his nephew. On returning to his uncle’s home, he saw his nephew pulling out a glittering object the size of a shoe-polish box from his pocket.

He had picked up the box from the fields. “Give it to me, it can be dangerous,” shouted Sharma. The boy laughed and pulled away his “toy”. It exploded. Shrapnel chopped off both of Sharma’s hands at the wrists, blinded him and pierced into his chest. His nephew has little hope of regaining vision in one eye.

In no time, a man who was taking care of his family turned into a bedridden bundle of wounds who can’t even swat away swarming flies. “Papa, hurt,” two-year-old Yashoda explains to visitors. “I am dead,” says Sharma in a feeble voice. “What can I do now?” Ram Chandra Sharma of Daulatpura, Sri Ganganagar, who lost both his hands and eyes while trying to protect his nephew from a landmine Daulatpura is one of the hundreds of villages along the international border in Rajasthan, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir where the army had laid lakhs of landmines in vast tracts during Operation Parakram that was launched to prepare for war with Pakistan after the terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament in December 2001.

It was one of the most massive mine-laying operations in Indian history. Hostilities were averted but some are still paying the price for a war that was never waged. According to a survey carried out by the Indian Institute for Peace Disarmament and Environment Protection (IIPDEP), 58 civilians have been killed and 310 others injured by anti-personnel landmines between January 2002 and March 2004 in the three states bordering Pakistan.

  1. Even the army had admitted to 176 landmine casualties, as reported by the IIPDEP survey, in Operation Parakram by December 2002.
  2. These landmines, which are designed to maim rather than kill, were supposedly removed a year ago.
  3. But as INDIA TODAY found out, casualties continue even today.
  4. The government figures include only the cases recommended for compensation and even the IIPDEP figures do not reflect the actual scale of casualties as they exclude unexploded-ordnance victims (119) and those killed or injured by anti-tank mines (21) and fuse (7).

This weakens India’s stand on not signing the UN Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-Personnel Mines, which recognises landmines as a danger to civil population. What is significant about the accidents is they have occurred despite all precautionary measures.

  • The army had prominently marked and barbed landmine fields.
  • It had also created awareness among the people in the vicinity through regular campaigns warning against entering the marked areas.
  • The casualties take place because mines were laid in populated areas and for so long (a year and a half of Operation Parakram) that people tend to err.

Demining operation—identifying mines through metal detectors, combing and digging fields and running tanks and heavy vehicles to blast landmines with pressure—carries on for months. But it is not hundred per cent effective. People unwittingly fall victim as these mines explode in boxes presumed to be empty, in firewood while preparing food, while trying to pull cattle that have strayed into minefields and while watering crops.

  • As an exception that happens too often, small and light mines move from minefields with the shifting sand dunes or flowing water and explode with pressure as little as applied in sticking a revenue stamp.
  • How easily landmines get carried away and bring death was proved in Mirjewala village in Sri Ganganagar.

In the summer of 2002, Sushma, 14, was playing in a distributary of the Indira Gandhi Canal when she saw a small box wrapped in wires floating. “Telephone,” shouted children and began pulling the wires. They had just started screaming “hello hello” as Sushma brought the box closer to her ears when a massive explosion blew her body into pieces.

  1. As such horror stories filter in from mine tracts from Barmer to Poonch, it is pertinent to ask if India is paying a high cost for using this strategy.
  2. And what better time to do it than when the world is gearing up for the Nairobi Summit on Mine-Free World.
  3. India is estimated to have a stockpile of 5-10 million landmines, of which one million were deployed during Operation Parakram.

India cites a constant risk of war as a reason for not signing the Mine Ban Treaty. However, Balkrishna Kurvey of IIPDEP, who brokered the no-landmine-use treaty with the Naga insurgent group NSCN(IM) in Geneva last year, says, “The advancing enemy also knows how to avoid the landmines.

  1. In India’s wars, landmines have not inflicted much damage on the enemy.” India has produced two types of anti-personnel landmines, the M16A1 and the low-metal-content M14, besides anti-vehicle mines.
  2. As a signatory to the Amended Protocol II of the Convention on Conventional Weapons, it has pledged not to use M14 mines, which are hard to detect.

Latest technologies now provide alternatives like remotely delivered anti-personnel mine system. India does not use mines in internal conflicts and is focusing on getting militant outfits to eschew them. But it stops short of banning landmines altogether.

Landmines are very effective obstacle in restricting the enemy. They cause far less harm to civilians than bullets and bombs do,” says Brigadier Bhagwan Singh, director, Sainik Kalyan Vibhag, Rajasthan. Satnam Jit Singh, a consultant to the UN on the subject, insists “India should take a humanitarian approach”.

Singh, a former ambassador to Egypt, himself lost a leg in 1965 war as a young army officer engaged in demining. “India should at least make its presence felt at Nairobi to show its willingness to discuss the problem,” he says. While a mine-free world remains a desirable goal, India, in the meantime, can ensure compensation to and rehabilitation of the victims.

Normally, the Centre pays Rs 2.5 lakh for loss of life and Rs 1-2 lakh to the permanently disabled. But money is no consolation for a loss. In Ladduka village in Punjab’s Ferozepur district, brothers Gurcharan Singh, 14, and Ajit Singh, 8, were killed in a morning explosion in June 2003. The family received no compensation as the government is unclear about the nature of the blast.

The tragedy is compounded in the border areas of Jammu and Kashmir by firing from Pakistan. In Bainglar of Samba tehsil in the state, Sunil Kumar, 18, lost one leg in 2002 and had the other seriously injured in border firing the following year. Meanwhile, individuals and some organisations have taken up the cause.

Urvey is building up teams to create awareness about landmines. Mahavir Prasad Sarawagi, a retired principal, reaches out to victims in Shri Ganganagar. In Punjab’s Abohar, Natrang, a group of youths, does street plays on the dangers of mines. It is now up to the Government to decide whether the efficacy of landmines is commensurate with the risk to civilians.

: From the India Today archives (2004) | Living under the shadow of landmines

What is the role of mine general worker?

Frequently asked questions – What does a General Laborer do? General Laborers are responsible for various manual tasks such as digging trenches, unloading building materials, and preparing job sites. They use hand tools like shovels or picks while operating machinery to help them with their work and assist crews with other necessary tasks.

What are the duties and responsibilities of a General Laborer? The duties of a General Labor vary depending on where they work and the other crew members assigned to their project. They assist with various tasks like loading tools, packing raw materials, and completing multiple construction sites or warehouse duties.

What makes a good General Laborer? A good General Laborer must be physically fit since they must complete many jobs in factories, construction job sites, and warehouses. They also need to follow instructions and work independently. Who does a General Laborer work with? General Laborers typically work with a small group of other laborers to complete specific tasks.

What mine manager means?

Mine Managers ALERT This website will soon be archived with the creation of Jobs and Skills Australia (JSA) and is no longer being updated. Visit the JSA webpage at Mine Managers manage the production activities of mining operations. Also known as: Mine Superintendent. Specialisations: Quarry Manager. A formal qualification in mining, engineering, business or another related field is usually needed to work as a Mine Manager. Vocational Education and Training (VET) and university are both common study pathways.

Determines, implements and monitors production strategies, policies and plans. Plans details of production activities in terms of output, quality, quantity, cost, time available and labour requirements. Controls operation of production plant and quality procedures through planning of maintenance, designation of operating hours, and supply of parts and tools. Monitors production output and costs, adjusting the processes and resources to minimise costs. Informs others about production matters. Oversees the acquisition and installation of new plant and equipment. Directs research into production methods, recommending and implementing appropriate initiatives. Controls the preparation of production records and reports. Co-ordinates the implementation of occupational health and safety requirements. Directs staff activities and monitors their performance.

JSA produces to show where likely future job opportunities may be. Employment projections data are only produced for occupations at the broad four digit Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) level. While data are not available for this occupation, projections data are available for the parent occupation,, under the outlook section.

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State Mine Managers All Jobs Average
NSW 18.3 31.6
VIC 7.1 25.6
QLD 27.0 20.0
SA 5.4 7.0
WA 39.3 10.8
TAS 1.3 2.0
NT 1.4 1.0
ACT 0.2 1.9

ul> The median age of Mine Managers is 45 years. This is higher than the all jobs average of 40 years. A large share of workers are aged 45 to 54 years. Females make up 10% of the workforce. This is 38 percentage points below the all jobs average of 48%. Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile and gender share compared to the all jobs average.

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.

Age Bracket Mine Managers All Jobs Average
15-19 0.0 5.0
20-24 0.7 9.3
25-34 14.8 22.9
35-44 31.9 22.0
45-54 33.0 21.6
55-59 11.3 9.0
60-64 5.5 6.0
65 and Over 2.8 4.2
Median Age 45 40

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average. A formal qualification in mining, engineering, business or another related field is usually needed to work as a Mine Manager. Vocational Education and Training (VET) and university are both common study pathways. Visit

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.

Type of Qualification Mine Managers All Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate 12.8 10.1
Bachelor degree 25.1 21.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma 17.4 11.6
Certificate III/IV 26.1 21.1
Year 12 8.5 18.1
Year 11 2.5 4.8
Year 10 and below 7.6 12.5

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job. Employers look for Production Managers who are reliable, organised and can communicate clearly.

Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements. Judgment and decision making Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one. Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people. Management of personnel resources Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job. Reading work related information. Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions. Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem. Managing your own and other peoples’ time to get work done. Talking to others. Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future. Management of financial resources Figuring out how money is needed to do something, and keeping track of the money that’s being spent. Management of material resources Providing the right equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do work. Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new. Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it. Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it. Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour. Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly. Understanding why people react the way they do. Teaching people how to do something. Using maths to solve problems.

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

Production and processing Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods. Administration and management Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources. Customer and personal service Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction. Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. Personnel and human resources Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions. Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics. Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. Engineering and technology Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services. Computers and electronics Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work. Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders. Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. Public safety and security Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions. How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system. Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road. Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data. Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time. Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

Workers use these physical and mental abilities.

Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically. Listen to and understand what people say. Communicate by speaking. Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules. Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can’t solve the problem. Read and understand written information. Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem. Write in a way that people can understand. Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren’t very good. Speak clearly so others can understand you. Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem. See details that are up-close (within a few feet). Identify and understand the speech of another person. Come up with different ways of grouping things. Add, subtract, multiply, or divide. Pay attention to something without being distracted. See details that are far away. See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material. Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

Guiding and directing staff Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards. Negotiating and resolving conflicts Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people. Communicating within a team Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person. Making decisions and solving problems Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems. Planning and prioritising work Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done. Coordinating the work of a team Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task. Building good relationships Building good working relationships and keeping them over time. Monitoring people, processes and things Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems. Managing payments and orders Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money. Scheduling work and activities Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. Coaching and developing others Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve. Assessing and evaluating things Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people. Keeping your knowledge up-to-date Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas. Researching and investigating Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information. Looking for changes over time Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time. Leading and encouraging a team Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. Training and teaching others Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing. Documenting or recording information Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. Coming up with systems and processes Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them. Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important. Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business. Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules. Working with people. Helping or providing service to others. Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head. Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.

Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision. Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good. Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong. Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community. Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.

The physical and social demands that workers face most often are shown below:

Use electronic mail. Talk on the telephone. Talk with people face-to-face. Take responsibility for the results of other people’s work. Work with people in a group or team. Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way. Frequently make decisions that impact other people. Freedom to make decisions Have freedom to make decision on your own. Health and safety of others Take responsibility for the health and safety of others. Make decisions that have a large impact on other people. Work to strict deadlines. Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals. Wear common protective or safety equipment Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets. Be very exact or highly accurate. Lead or coordinate a team Lead others to do work activities. Work indoors with access to heating or cooling. Work with customers or the public. Loud or uncomfortable sounds Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable. Deal with conflict or disagreements. Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2,, : Mine Managers

What is the role of mine controller?

As a Mine Operations Controller, you will monitor and control the underground environment, mobile and fixed plant, to deliver safe production targets on shift, that are consistent with agreed performance measures, and in-line with the daily, weekly and monthly plans of the broader operation/site.

Which is the No 1 mining company in India?


Company CMP (Rs) MCap (Rs m)
COAL INDIA 230.9 1,422,974
HINDUSTAN ZINC 319.9 1,351,468
VEDANTA 278.4 1,034,868
NMDC 112.4 329,400

Which is the No 1 Gold Mines in India?

Kolar gold fields and Hutti goldfields are the two major goldfields located in Karnataka. Karnataka has the only operational gold mine in India. Hutti Gold Mines is the only producer of primary gold in the country. Hutti Gold Mines has the capacity to produce 5,50,000 tonnes per annum.

What country is full of landmines?

Egypt as a Case Study – Egypt has been listed as the country most contaminated by landmines in the world with an estimate of approximately 23,000,000 landmines. Egypt is also considered as the fifth country with the most antipersonnel landmine per square mile.

  1. This serious problem hinders economic development of rich areas in the north coast and red sea.
  2. Egypt’s new desert battle – YouTube Al Jazeera English 10.6M subscribers Egypt’s new desert battle Al Jazeera English Watch later Share Copy link Info Shopping Tap to unmute If playback doesn’t begin shortly, try restarting your device.

Al Jazeera is funded in whole or in part by the Qatari government. More videos

Which state banned mining in India?

A look at Goa, where mining is now banned – The Hindu.

Which is India’s deepest mines?

Kolar mines are one of the deepest mines in the world.

Who works in a mine?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Miners at the Trepča Mines in Mitrovica, Kosovo in 2011
Occupation type Manual labour
Activity sectors Mining
Fields of employment Mining

Freiburg Miner wearing a Mooskappe, stained glass window, 1330 A miner is a person who extracts ore, coal, chalk, clay, or other minerals from the earth through mining, There are two senses in which the term is used. In its narrowest sense, a miner is someone who works at the rock face ; cutting, blasting, or otherwise working and removing the rock.

What do you say in a mining interview?

Try to show the interviewer that you understand what the company mines, where it operates and how it differs from its rivals. You may also outline the business’s plans and state you want to be part of its future success.

What is mining general?

Open-Pit Copper Mine – Throughout history, minerals, like copper, have been extracted from the earth for human use. It is still mined in places like this open-pit mine outside of Silver City, New Mexico, in the United States. Photograph by Joe Raedle/Getty Images Mining is the process of extracting useful materials from the earth. Some examples of substances that are mined include coal, gold, or iron ore, Iron ore is the material from which the metal iron is produced. The process of mining dates back to prehistoric times.

Prehistoric people first mined flint, which was ideal for tools and weapons since it breaks into shards with sharp edges. The mining of gold and copper also dates back to prehistoric times. These profitable substances that are mined from the earth are called minerals, A mineral is typically an inorganic substance that has a specific chemical composition and crystal structure.

The minerals are valuable in their pure form, but in the earth they are mixed with other, unwanted rocks and minerals. This mix of rock and minerals is usually carried away from the mine together, then later processed and refined to isolate the desired mineral.

The two major categories of modern mining include surface mining and underground mining. In surface mining, the ground is blasted so that ores near Earth’s surface can be removed and carried to refineries to extract the minerals. Surface mining can be destructive to the surrounding landscape, leaving huge open pits behind.

In underground mining, ores are removed from deep within the earth. Miners blast tunnels into the rock to reach the ore deposits. This process can lead to accidents that trap miners underground. Along with accidents, a career in mining can also be dangerous since it can lead to health problems.

  • Breathing in dust particles produced by mining can lead to lung disease.
  • One of the most common forms is black lung disease, which is caused when coal miners breathe in coal dust.
  • Many other types of mining produce silica dust, which causes a disease similar to black lung disease.
  • These are incurable diseases that cause breathing impairment and can be fatal.

The mining process can also harm the environment in other ways. Mining creates a type of water pollution known as acid mine drainage, First, mining exposes sulfides in the soil. When the rainwater or streams dissolves the sulfides, they form acids, This acidic water damages aquatic plants and animals.

  • Along with acid mine drainage, the disposal of mine waste can also cause severe water pollution from toxic metals.
  • The toxic metals commonly found in mine waste, such as arsenic and mercury, are harmful to the health of people and wildlife if they are released into nearby streams.
  • The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit.

The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Tyson Brown, National Geographic Society National Geographic Society Gina Borgia, National Geographic Society Sarah Appleton, National Geographic Society, National Geographic Society Margot Willis, National Geographic Society André Gabrielli, National Geographic Society

Who is a foreman in a mine?

I. The person charged with the responsibility of the general supervision of the underground workings of a mine and the persons employed therein. In certain states, the mine foreman is designated as the mine manager.

Why is it called a mine?

1300, minen, ‘to dig a tunnel under fortifications to overthrow them,’ from mine (n.1) or from Old French miner ‘to dig, mine; exterminate,’ from the French noun. From mid-14c. as ‘to dig in the earth’ (in order to obtain minerals, treasure, etc.).

Who is a working manager?

Why Working Managers Don’t Work By • Feb 4, 2022 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. The term “working manager” is used to describe a leader who not only directs and delegates work but also rolls up their sleeves and pitches in to get the job done.

  1. This is the case in many organizations, especially those who are small businesses with limited resources or large companies where there’s an inherent pride in having managers that also step in and pick up the slack.
  2. In some organizational cultures, the norm is that no one is too special or good to not share the work.

While working managers may save the company unnecessary dedicated supervisory costs, or create a superficial perception that no one is above hard work, this approach undermines the role of a manager itself. No one enjoys it when the proverbial boss is sitting back and relaxing while their team is burning the midnight oil.

However, a working manager isn’t the solution. Working managers often spend more time doing than managing, guiding, mentoring, leading, measuring and improving team performance. This undermines the overall effectiveness of the team, as well as eliminates the ability for the team to grow and advance their capabilities and productivity.

It stems from three core problems with the working manager concept: : Why Working Managers Don’t Work

How many main gold mine regions are found in India?

Name the famous gold mines in India. Join Vedantu’s FREE Mastercalss Answer Verified Hint: In India, there are three gold areas mainly. Here are – Kolar Goldfield in Kolar district of Karnataka, Hutt Goldfield in Raichur district of Karnataka and Ramagiri Goldfield in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh.

Complete answer: Note:

This is a valuable metal, which is in Orefire loads and some of these rivers are found in the sand. It is used to make ornaments and it is known as international currency due to universal use.Karnataka is the largest producer of gold in India. The state has reserves of seventeen million tonnes of gold ore of fourth two kilogram of metal, in the main in Kolar, Dharwad, Hassan and Raichur districts.

Gulbarga, Belgaum, Bellary, Mysore, Mandya, Chikmagalur and Shimoga districts are also reported to have some gold reserves from some scattered areas. This state produced about 88.7 percent of India’s gold.Deposits in the Kolar Gold Fields occur in an 80 km long (north-south) and 3–4 km wide belt with gold-bearing quartz veins confined to a 6 –7 km section near Marikuppam.

The primary mining operations at the Kolar Gold Fields began in 1871 and therefore the region still remains the biggest provider of gold in Asian countries.The main problem with Hatti mines is the low grade of ore. The mine reopened in 1948 and has been operational on an irregularly basic basis since then.

The healthy gold reserves of gold farms in Raichur district are estimated at 4.5 million tonnes, with a total gold content of about 45,000 kg.Some gold is collected from the sand and gravel of e rivers. Gold is often released from rocks by weathering and its particles are concentrated at some places in rivers.

Such deposits are units referred to as alluvium deposits from that gold is recovered by panning. Although in very small quantities, this type of gold is widely spread in large numbers of rivers. : Name the famous gold mines in India.

How many opencast mines are there in India?

Operations – CIL is the largest coal producing company in the world. It produced 536.51 MT (million tonne) coal during FY 2015–16. Coal India operates through 83 mining areas in 8 states of India. As on 1 April 2015, it has 430 coal mines out of which 175 are open cast, 227 are underground and 28 are mixed mines.

  • Production from open cast mines during FY 2014–15 was 92.91% of total production of 494.24 MT.
  • Underground mines contributed to 7.09% of production.
  • CIL further operates 15, out of which 12 are for and 3 are for non-coking coal with 23.30 MTY and 13.50 MTY capacities respectively.
  • CIL’s only of Dankuni Coal Complex is currently run on lease basis by its subsidiary SECL.

In addition to above, it also manages 200 other establishments like workshops, hospitals, training institutes, mine-rescue setups, etc.

Which state has more mines in India?

State-Wise Mineral Production in India 2023 – According to the latest reports, the State-wise Mineral Production in India 2023 shows that the largest producer of Minerals in India is Orissa with a share of approximately half of the total Mineral Production in India. In mineral production, Orissa is followed by:

  1. Chattisgarh
  2. Kerala
  3. Rajasthan
  4. Jharkhand
  5. Other States

What are the major mining regions in India?

Mining in India depends on over 3,100 mines, out of which over 550 are fuel mines, over 560 are mines for metals, and over 1970 are mines for extraction of nonmetals. Both open cast mining and underground mining operations are carried out and drilling/pumping is undertaken for extracting liquid or gaseous fuels.

  • India produces and works with roughly 100 minerals to export as well as to satisfy domestic needs.
  • India exports iron ore, titanium, manganese, bauxite, granite, and imports cobalt, mercury, graphite etc.
  • India has significant sources of coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, and limestone.

India accounts for 12% of the world’s known and economically available thorium. The most mineralized rock system of india is: Dharwar system. Largest mineral resources in India are found mainly in the region from “South East” to “North Eastern belt”. The only Tin producing state in India is “Chhattisgarh”.

Mineral Belt Location Minerals found
North Eastern Peninsular Belt (Largest) Chota Nagpur plateau and the Orissa plateau covering the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa, Coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, copper, kyanite, chromite, beryl, apatite etc.
Central Belt (2nd largest) Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Manganese, bauxite, uranium, limestone, marble, coal, gems, mica, graphite etc.
Southern Belt (Low diversity) Karnataka plateau and Tamil Nadu. Ferrous minerals and bauxite.
South Western Belt Karnataka and Goa. Iron ore, garnet and clay.
North Western Belt Rajasthan and Gujarat along the Aravali Range. Non-ferrous minerals, uranium, mica, beryllium, aquamarine, petroleum, gypsum and emerald,