Road safety is something important that has to be followed at all times to ensure the safety of the operators of a vehicle, passengers, and pedestrians. In fact, road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among people aged between 15 and 29 years.
- Traffic rules and guidelines have to be set in place and strictly followed so that serious accidents and injuries can be averted.
- The measures and methods taken to establish road safety include the use of various road safety products.
- Well-designed and uniquely engineered road safety products ensure the constant safety of vehicles and pedestrians.
These road safety products intimate people about parts of a road they should avoid and accident-prone zones as well as simply organize traffic and vehicles in an orderly manner. Some important road safety products that are used worldwide are road barriers, road fences, and safety barricades. Some of the important features of road barriers are:
Road barriers do not usually rust, chip or peel due to the high quality of their material. This also makes them maintenance free.Manufactured from premium grade UV stabilized virgin polyethylene material.The slots in the barriers are made to deflect the wind, preventing them from being uprooted.The road barriers have been designed to withstand high wind pressure generated by moving vehicles.Retroreflective strips are attached in the opposite direction of the traffic lights.Road barriers are also more effective, more stable and safer compared to conventional products such as drums and posts which are sometimes used to form temporary barricades.
Road Fences Road fences are used to protect construction workers on the road from passing vehicles. They also redirect vehicles and help make them aware of a space that is under construction. Some features of road fences are:
They are easy to handle and install and handle. Because of this quality, smooth traffic movement can be expected very soon.Manufactured from premium grade UV stabilized virgin polyethene material.Road fences are black in colour to maximise their visibility in the day. They also come in a variety of colours depending on the purpose.They have retro-reflectors to increase visibility in the night. When road fences are black, they also reflect street lights, hence, doubling the visibility.
Safety Barricades Safety barricades are used to block any kind of uncontrollable passage in a dangerous area and are also used to block roadways and redirect vehicles and pedestrians to correct or safe routes. Safety barricades may also be a fence or a window depending on how they are utilized.
Like other road safety products, safety barricades are manufactured from premium grade UV stabilized virgin polyethylene material.They come in a variety of colours and sizes depending on the purpose.They are long-lasting and easy to handle and install. Safety barricades are also equipped to withstand any type of weather conditions.
It is very important to be aware that road traffic injuries remain an important public health problem. When road safety products are utilized correctly or efficiently, they can help save lives, prevent accidents and injuries, and keep a society functioning in the most optimal way.
- 1 Why is road safety important in Nigeria?
- 2 What is USA road safety strategy?
- 3 What is the importance of road transportation in Nigeria?
- 4 What is the history of road safety in Nigeria?
Why is road safety important in Nigeria?
The world health body said that road traffic accidents are a leading cause of death and injury in Nigeria, accounting for thousands of fatalities and injuries annually. It puts the number of people killed yearly via road accidents in Nigeria at 41,693, which is 2.82 per cent of the global total.
What is Nacris?
Road safety management Efforts are ongoing to harmonise road traffic crash data records through the National Committee on Crash Information System (NACRIS).
What is Nigeria road safety strategy?
The Nigeria Road Safety Strategy (NRSS) is a medium term sector strategy which provides a framework for developing and applying the missing blocks required to achieve the Road Safety Vision which cuts across the safe systems approach advocated by the UN Decade of Action (2011-2020).
What is USA road safety strategy?
Thursday, March 16, 2023 Nearly 95 percent of transportation-related deaths in the United States occur on streets, roads, and highways. NHTSA estimates that 42,915 people died in motor vehicle crashes nationwide in 2021. Vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death for teenagers across the U.S.
and disproportionally impact African Americans, Native Americans, and those living in rural communities. The National Roadway Safety Strategy (NRSS) is a collaborative effort between the Office of the Secretary for Transportation (OST) and the Operating Administrations (OAs) whose responsibilities include roadway safety.
The NRSS sets a vision of zero roadway deaths and identifies tangible Departmental actions to reduce the number of deaths each year. As part of the NRSS, the U.S. DOT adopted the Safe System Approach, which includes five elements—Safer People, Safer Roads, Safer Vehicles, Safer Speeds, and Post-Crash Care—and acknowledges that humans make mistakes, and redundancy is critical.
Responsibility Is Shared. All stakeholders—including every level of federal government, industry, non-profit organizations, advocacy groups, researchers, and the general public—are essential for preventing transportation-related deaths and serious injuries. Safety Is Proactive. Proactive tools should be used to identify and address transportation-related safety issues beforehand, rather than reacting after a crash has occurred. Redundancy Is Crucial. Reducing risks requires strengthening every part of the transportation system, so that if one part fails, other parts are still capable of protecting people.
The NRSS seeks a sustained and concerted effort from all sectors and levels of government, the public and private sector, advocacy, and research. A U.S. DOT Volpe Center team designed the NRSS website and created the NRSS Dashboard using Tableau software for quarterly reporting on 29 U.S.
DOT actions across the five elements of the Safe Systems Approach. This U.S. DOT Volpe Center team also developed a set of data visualizations to better communicate the magnitude of our roadway safety crisis with the public and provided analysis and policy development support to OST Office of Policy (OST-P) in crafting the NRSS, including substantial OA coordination.
In January 2023, U.S. DOT released a report detailing key accomplishments from 2022, new commitments that the Department is making in 2023 and beyond, and the NRSS Call to Action, which includes commitments to act from more than 40 private and public sector partners. NRSS Theory of Change (U.S. DOT Volpe Center graphic) The U.S. DOT Volpe Center collaborated with OST-P to hold a community forum in April 2022 to update stakeholders on progress toward executing actions outlined in the NRSS, solicit input, and promote ownership across stakeholder groups.
Over 50 stakeholders participated, spanning advocacy organizations, the public and private sector, and state and local government.U.S. DOT’s commitments to the Safe System Approach included in the NRSS are a critical first step toward reducing roadway fatalities. Combined with significant safety-focused investments provided by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL), U.S.
DOT’s actions offer an approach to significantly reduce roadway deaths and serious injuries. However, including commitments from the stakeholder community is the final critical step to putting U.S. DOT on a pathway to zero fatalities by 2050. The U.S. DOT Volpe Center will support this ongoing work over the next few years.
What are three 3 causes of road accidents in Nigeria?
Section I: CAUSES OF ROAD CRASHES – Road crashes have resulted in more waste of lives and property than major communicable diseases and sundry ailments put together. Research conducted on Road Traffic Crashes have shown that there are three major causes of these crashes, namely:
Human FactorMechanical FactorEnvironmental Factor
What is road safety strategy in Kenya?
National Road Safety Programme: Objective: To enhance the road safety status on Kenyan roads. The objective of this programme is to fast-track implementation of the National Road Safety Action Plan to achieve the targets of reducing the incidence of road crashes and their impact on the Kenyan economy.
- This will be implemented through the development and implementation of a driving school curriculum for both drivers and instructors on basis of best practices and models in other parts of the world amongst others.
- Further, the Motor Vehicle Inspection Unit will be privatised to ensure improved maintenance status of Kenya’s motor vehicle fleet.
To support effective enforcement of traffic regulations, a system of instant fines and ticketing for traffic offences will be introduced. : National Road Safety Programme:
Which is the best road safety in the world?
United Kingdom – Over the last thirty years, the UK witnessed a decrease in road accident-related casualties. As per the annual report, the fatality rate on the road per 100,000 population in the UK is 2.70. Roads in the UK are engineered with keeping safety in mind.
- Awareness is created on road safety at the school level.
- ‘Slow Down for Bobby’ is a campaign by the Bobby Colleran Trust which encourage drivers to stay below 20mph in the school zone.
- They are also encouraged to be vigilant around school zones.
- Driving test in the UK is evolving with time as vehicles, technology and driving conditions change.
The UK introduced many more innovative practices to ensure safety to citizens on the road. All these practices have proven to help reduce the number of road fatality incidents, and the effective adoption of such measures by these countries have made them top-performing when it comes to road safety. She is an aspiring journalist who believes pen is mightier than sword. She finds happiness in helping others and for being the voice of the voiceless.
What is safer roads?
Page 2 – Solitary signal obscured on the approach Pedestrians unaware of traffic flows Inoperative traffic signals Unclear ‘Give Way’ Unmarked crossroads Compromised pedestrian crossing Severe gradient Red Light Running and excessive speeds Highway 118 No guard rail : The Safer Roads Foundation
What is the importance of road infrastructure in Nigeria?
Tax And Road Infrastructure Development In Nigeria: The Nexus CONTRIBUTOR To print this article, all you need is to be registered or login on Mondaq.com. Road infrastructure is one basic and critical factor that shapes the face of development in every economy.
Road networks provide access to employment, social, health and education services, which are vital to any development agenda.1 Despite the annual budgetary allocations for road construction in the country, a large portion of Nigerian roads are in deplorable conditions. It would appear that the government’s budgetary revenue sources are insufficient to cater to the huge infrastructure gap in the country.
This is not surprising as the Nigerian government finances its projects through three major sources which are oil revenue, taxation and debts. However, in light of the dwindling global oil prices and concerns regarding Nigeria’s rising debt profile, the government has increased its focus on revenue from taxation.
Consequently, the Nigerian government has, over the years, considered it necessary to opt for varying forms of public private partnership (PPP) to accelerate road availability. A PPP is a model of public finance initiative in which government leverages private financing to provide public goods. Undoubtedly, this model is backed by various policy documents and Acts including certain provisions in the Companies Income Tax (CIT) Act which offer additional tax benefits to companies that undertake certain infrastructure projects.
The Federal Government also introduced the Infrastructure Tax Relief (ITR) in April 2012 via the Companies Income Tax (Exemption of Profits) Order, 2012. More recently, the Federal Government introduced the Road Infrastructure Development and Refurbishment Investment Tax Credit Scheme (“The Scheme”) via the Executive Order 007 in January 2019.
While the ITR was meant to be effective for five years and allowed companies to claim additional 30% of the cost incurred by them in providing public infrastructure as allowable deduction in computing CIT, the 2019 Scheme appears to be more robust. The new Scheme provides a platform for private companies to undertake the construction of eligible road infrastructure projects in exchange for the recovery of 100% and an uplift of such companies’ project costs through a tax credit mechanism.
This newsletter discusses the relationship between road development and tax payments and further analyses essential provisions of the recent Order.
What is the importance of road transportation in Nigeria?
Effective transportation systems invariably impact development in any economy. Most countries in the 21st Century invest heavily on transportation – building transport infrastructure that is highly categorized by technological and electronic features.
Some examples include electric cars, maglev trains, hypersonic air travel and many other high technologies. The transportation system is indeed facing a drastic transformation globally. Transportation as an important part of human activity forms the basis of all socioeconomic interactions as a lack of effective transport facilities often hinders economic development.
Bad roads, inadequate fleets of vehicles, inadequate trains, overcrowded aeroplanes and congested ports are unfortunately common features of developing world transportation systems. For the development of any society, transportation is significant as it facilitates community development, and optimum utilization of resources as well as allows and enhances the movement of people etc.
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The economic development of many nations could be hindered due to a lack of transport facilities and infrastructure since transportation forms the basis of all socio-economic interactions. In Nigeria, road transportation is the most used means of transport.
- This is because it remains the most accessible, available, reliable and most interconnected transport system.
- However, the roads are in abnormal and unsafe conditions.
- The state of roads in Nigeria is so terrible that it can take more than 12 hours to drive from one state to another when the same distance can be covered in less than five hours under normal conditions.
Despite the high dependence on road transportation, records prove that the bad road conditions in Nigeria caused more deaths than the COVID-19 pandemic (Transportday 2021). According to the same source, most road accidents occurring in Nigeria are classified as serious.
Also, in most states, the roads may be considered too small, which most of the time cause traffic gridlock. Expanding the roads and constructing more lanes will help with the easy movement of vehicles. No doubt, the solution to the condition of bad roads in Nigeria starts from good governance. Having a leader that cares about the healthy movement of people in the country and also the safe transportation of goods around the country is very critical.
Indeed, the Buhari’s government has been investing heavily on road transport, giving priority to roads that are mostly used for economic purposes such as agriculture, oil transportation and other economic driven activities. For instance, the Executive Order 7 of 2019 on the Road Infrastructure Development and Refurbishment Investment Tax Credit Scheme provides for Public Private Partnership to build interlinked roads that facilitate the transportation of petroleum.
However, it is important to consider the continuity and effective completion of all roads such that they are durable and sustainable. Also, expanding the roads by building more lanes is another way to reduce traffic and collision of cars. In terms of road security, the introduction of CCTV cameras will be necessary.
Lastly, there is the need to avoid the simultaneous use of roads by smaller vehicles with big trucks and lorries. This can be done by using barricades to avoid the movement of trucks and lorries during the day. Conclusively, an improved transport system guarantees advanced service and product delivery that generates increased revenue for their country.
- Improving the transportation system requires more prompt response than ever because it is an inevitable part of people’s daily existence.
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What is the history of road safety in Nigeria?
History – The founding of the FRSC in Nigeria dates back to 1988, when General Ibrahim Babangida, the nation’s President, determined it was necessary to take action due to the country’s high rate of traffic accidents. Wole Soyinka, a professor and activist, served as the first commission’s chair.
Meanwhile, before the creation of the FRSC, when the then President, General Ibrahim Babangida determined that it was time to take action due to the country’s high risk of traffic accidents. As a result of this, many organizations in the past, including Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria (SPDC), made notable efforts to establish a strong road safety program between 1960 and 1965,
Early in the 1970s, the Nigerian Army made an effort to train its officers and soldiers on road safety, which also helped to advance ideas and awareness in that country. When it established an annual Road Safety Week in 1972, the Nigerian Army launched the first public road safety campaign. Furthermore, the National Road Safety Commission (NRSC), which was established in 1974 by the military administration in power at the time, was the first intentional policy on road safety. However, the Commission’s influence did not last. The Oyo State Road Safety Corps was founded by the military administration in Oyo State, Nigeria, in 1977, and it significantly improved local traffic safety and road discipline.